The Math of Life and Death

The Math of Life and Death
Author: Kit Yates
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781982111885
Available:
Release: 2021-04-27
Editor: Simon and Schuster
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"Few of us really appreciate the full power of math--the extent to which its influence is not only in every office and every home, but also in every courtroom and hospital ward. In this ... book, Kit Yates explores the true stories of life-changing events in which the application--or misapplication--of mathematics has played a critical role: patients crippled by faulty genes and entrepreneurs bankrupted by faulty algorithms; innocent victims of miscarriages of justice; and the unwitting victims of software glitches"--Publisher marketing.

The Math of Life and Death

The Math of Life and Death
Author: Kit Yates
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781982111892
Available:
Release: 2020-01-07
Editor: Simon and Schuster
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Brilliant and entertaining mathematician Kit Yates illuminates seven mathematical concepts that shape our daily lives. From birthdays to birth rates to how we perceive the passing of time, mathematical patterns shape our lives. But for those of us who left math behind in high school, the numbers and figures we encounter as we go about our days can leave us scratching our heads, feeling as if we’re fumbling through a mathematical minefield. In this eye-opening and “welcome addition to the math-for-people-who-hate-math” (Kirkus Reviews), Kit Yates illuminates hidden principles that can help us understand and navigate the chaotic and often opaque surfaces of our world. In The Math of Life and Death, Yates takes us on a “dizzying, dazzling” (Nature) tour of everyday situations and grand-scale applications of mathematical concepts, including exponential growth and decay, optimization, statistics and probability, and number systems. Along the way he reveals the mathematical undersides of controversies over DNA testing, Ponzi schemes, viral marketing, and historical events such as the Chernobyl disaster and the Amanda Knox trial. Readers will finish this book with an enlightened perspective on the news, the law, medicine, and history, and will be better equipped to make personal decisions and solve problems with math in mind, whether it’s choosing the shortest checkout line at the grocery store or halting the spread of a deadly disease.

The Maths of Life and Death

The Maths of Life and Death
Author: Kit Yates
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9781787475397
Available:
Release: 2019-09-05
Editor: Hachette UK
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

*SELECTED AS ONE OF THE SUNDAY TIMES SCIENCE BOOKS OF THE YEAR* "This is an exquisitely interesting book. It's a deeply serious one too and, for those like me who have little maths, it's delightfully readable" - IAN MCEWAN "An exciting new voice in the world of science communication" - MARCUS DU SAUTOY "An extremely thoughtful, articulate and accessible insight into mathematics in the real world" - ALEX BELLOS "Kit Yates is a brilliant explainer and storyteller" - STEVEN STROGATZ __________ Maths is the story of the world around us, and the wisdom it gives us can be the difference between success and disaster. We are all doing maths all the time, from the way we communicate with each other to the way we travel, from how we work to how we relax. Many of us are aware of this. But few of us really appreciate the full power of maths - the extent to which its influence is not only in every office and every home, but also in every courtroom and hospital ward. In this eye-opening and extraordinary book, Yates explores the true stories of life-changing events in which the application - or misapplication - of mathematics has played a critical role: patients crippled by faulty genes and entrepreneurs bankrupted by faulty algorithms; innocent victims of miscarriages of justice and the unwitting victims of software glitches. We follow stories of investors who have lost fortunes and parents who have lost children, all because of mathematical misunderstandings. Along the way, Yates arms us with simple mathematical rules and tools that can help us make better decisions in our increasingly quantitative society. You will discover why it's always sensible to question a statistic, often vital to ask for a second opinion and sometimes surprisingly handy to stick to the 37% rule...

Math of Life and Death

Math of Life and Death
Author: Kit Yates
Pages: 288
ISBN: 1982144513
Available:
Release: 2020-01-07
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

We are all doing math all the time, from the way we communicate with each other to the way we travel, from how we work to how we relax. Many of us are aware of this. But few of us really appreciate the full power of math - the extent to which its influence is not only in every office and every home, but also in every courtroom and hospital ward. In this eye-opening and extraordinary book, Kit Yates explores the true stories of life-changing events in which the application - or misapplication - of mathematics has played a critical role: patients crippled by faulty genes and entrepreneurs bankrupted by faulty algorithms; innocent victims of miscarriages of justice and the unwitting victims of software glitches. We follow stories of investors who have lost fortunes and parents who have lost children, all because of mathematical misunderstandings. Along the way, Yates arms us with simple mathematical rules and tools that can help us make better decisions in our increasingly quantitative society. Table of Contents: Chapter 1 - Thinking Exponentially: Exploring the Awesome Power and Sobering Limits of Exponential Behavior Chapter 2 - Sensitivity, Specificity, and Second Opinions: Why Math Makes Medicine Matter Chapter 3 - The Laws of Mathematics: Investigating the role of Math in the Law Chapter 4 - Don't Believe the Truth: Debunking Media Statistics Chapter 5 - Wrong Place, Wrong Time: The Evolution of Our Number Systems and How They Let us Down Chapter 6 - Relentless Optimisation: The Unconstrained Potential of Algorithms, From Evolution to e-commerce Chapter 7 - Susceptible, Infective, Removed: Containing disease is in our own hands

The Maths of Life and Death

The Maths of Life and Death
Author: Kit Yates
Pages: 352
ISBN: 1787475425
Available:
Release: 2019-09-05
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

"This is an exquisitely interesting book. It's a deeply serious one too and, for those like me who have little maths, it's delightfully readable" - IAN MCEWAN "An exciting new voice in the world of science communication" - MARCUS DU SAUTOY "An extremely thoughtful, articulate and accessible insight into mathematics in the real world" - ALEX BELLOS "Kit Yates is a brilliant explainer and storyteller" - STEVEN STROGATZ __________ Maths is the story of the world around us, and the wisdom it gives us can be the difference between success and disaster. We are all doing maths all the time, from the way we communicate with each other to the way we travel, from how we work to how we relax. Many of us are aware of this. But few of us really appreciate the full power of maths - the extent to which its influence is not only in every office and every home, but also in every courtroom and hospital ward. In this eye-opening and extraordinary book, Yates explores the true stories of life-changing events in which the application - or misapplication - of mathematics has played a critical role: patients crippled by faulty genes and entrepreneurs bankrupted by faulty algorithms; innocent victims of miscarriages of justice and the unwitting victims of software glitches. We follow stories of investors who have lost fortunes and parents who have lost children, all because of mathematical misunderstandings. Along the way, Yates arms us with simple mathematical rules and tools that can help us make better decisions in our increasingly quantitative society. You will discover why it's always sensible to question a statistic, often vital to ask for a second opinion and sometimes surprisingly handy to stick to the 37% rule...

Math for Life Crucial Ideas You Didn t Learn in School

Math for Life  Crucial Ideas You Didn t Learn in School
Author: Anonim
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781937548186
Available:
Release: 2021
Editor: Jeffrey Bennett
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Mathematics Of Life

Mathematics Of Life
Author: Ian Stewart
Pages: 335
ISBN: 9781847653505
Available:
Release: 2011-04-07
Editor: Profile Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A new partnership of biologists and mathematicians is picking apart the hidden complexity of animals and plants to throw fresh light on the behaviour of entire organisms, how they interact and how changes in biological diversity affect the planet's ecological balance. Mathematics offers new and sometimes startling perspectives on evolution and how patterns of inheritance and population work out over time-scales ranging from millions to hundreds of years - as well as what's going on to change us right now. Ian Stewart, in characteristically clear and entertaining fashion, explores these and a whole range of pertinent issues, including how far genes control behaviour and the nature of life itself. He shows how far mathematicians and biologists are succeeding in tackling some of the most difficult scientific problems the human race has ever confronted and where their research is currently taking us.

The Book of Perfectly Perilous Math

The Book of Perfectly Perilous Math
Author: Sean Connolly
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9781523502370
Available:
Release: 2017-03-28
Editor: Workman Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Math rocks! At least it does in the gifted hands of Sean Connolly, who blends middle school math with fantasy to create an exciting adventure in problem-solving. These word problems are perilous, do-or-die scenarios of blood-sucking vampires (How many months would it take a single vampire to completely take over a town of 500,000 people?), or a rowboat of 5 shipwrecked sailors with a single barrel of freshwater (How much can they drink, and for how long, before they go mad from thirst???). Each problem requires readers to dig deep into the tools they’re learning in school to figure out how to survive. Kids will love solving these problems. Sean Connolly knows how to make tough subjects exciting and he brings that same intuitive understanding of what inspires and challenges kids’ curiosity to the 24 problems in The Book of Perfectly Perilous Math. These problems are as fun to read as they are challenging to solve. They test readers on fractions, algebra, geometry, probability, expressions and equations, and more. Use geometry to fill in for the ship’s navigator and make it safely to the New World. Escape an evil Duke’s executioner by picking the right door—probability will save your neck.

The Arithmetic of Life and Death

The Arithmetic of Life and Death
Author: George Shaffner
Pages: 220
ISBN: 9780307775740
Available:
Release: 2010-12-15
Editor: Ballantine Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Whether you realize it or not, numbers are everywhere--and integral to almost every facet of your life . . . from your next raise in pay to the inevitable rise of inflation, your weekly family budget to your end of the national debt. And as George Shaffner amazingly reveals, there are discerning answers (and a great measure of comfort) in numbers. In The Arithmetic of Life, he applies the basic principles of mathematics--addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division--to some of the most profound and just plain puzzling questions of our time. Illuminated with anecdotes, humor, and insight, each chapter explains a unique part of life that can be understood only through the magic of numbers. Whether it's an unconventional theory on why more things go wrong than right, a simple calculation of how much it will cost you to smoke for a lifetime, why crime (accumulatively) doesn't pay, or a glimpse into the probability of life after death, this enlightening and lucidly reasoned book will forever change the way you think about numbers--and the world around you.

Math on Trial

Math on Trial
Author: Leila Schneps,Coralie Colmez
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780465037940
Available:
Release: 2013-03-12
Editor: Basic Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In the wrong hands, math can be deadly. Even the simplest numbers can become powerful forces when manipulated by journalists, politicians or other public figures, but in the case of the law your liberty—and your life—can depend on the right calculation. Math on Trial tells the story of ten trials in which mathematical arguments were used—and disastrously misused—as evidence. Despite years of math classes, most people (and most jurors) fail to detect even simple mathematical sophistry, resulting in such horrors as a medical expert’s faulty calculation of probabilities providing the key evidence for a British mother’s conviction for the murder of her two babies. The conviction was later overturned, but three years in prison took its toll—Sally Clark died of acute alcohol intoxication in March of 2007. Mathematicians Leila Schneps and Coralie Colmez use a wide range of examples, from a mid-19th-century dispute over wills that became a signal case in the forensic use of mathematics, to the conviction and subsequent exoneration of Amanda Knox, to show how the improper application of mathematical concepts can mean the difference between walking free and life in prison. The cases discussed include: -The Case of Amanda Knox (How a judge’s denial of a second DNA test may have destroyed a chance to reveal the truth about Meredith Kercher’s murder) -The Case of Joe Sneed (How a fabricated probability framed a son for his parents’ grisly killing) -The Case of Sally Clark (How multiplying non-independent probabilities landed an innocent mother in jail for the murder of her children) -The Case of Janet Collins (How unjustified estimates combined with a miscalculated probability convicted an innocent couple of violent robbery) A colorful narrative of mathematical abuse featuring such characters as Charles Ponzi, Alfred Dreyfus, Hetty Green, and Oliver Wendell Holmes, Math on Trial shows that legal expertise isn’t everything when it comes to proving a man innocent.

How Not to be Wrong

How Not to be Wrong
Author: Jordan Ellenberg
Pages: 468
ISBN: 9781594205224
Available:
Release: 2014
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The columnist for Slate's popular "Do the Math" celebrates the logical, illuminating nature of math in today's world, sharing in accessible language mathematical approaches that demystify complex and everyday problems.

Do Dice Play God

Do Dice Play God
Author: Ian Stewart
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781782834014
Available:
Release: 2019-06-06
Editor: Profile Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Uncertainty is everywhere. It lurks in every consideration of the future - the weather, the economy, the sex of an unborn child - even quantities we think that we know such as populations or the transit of the planets contain the possibility of error. It's no wonder that, throughout that history, we have attempted to produce rigidly defined areas of uncertainty - we prefer the surprise party to the surprise asteroid. We began our quest to make certain an uncertain world by reading omens in livers, tea leaves, and the stars. However, over the centuries, driven by curiosity, competition, and a desire be better gamblers, pioneering mathematicians and scientists began to reduce wild uncertainties to tame distributions of probability and statistical inferences. But, even as unknown unknowns became known unknowns, our pessimism made us believe that some problems were unsolvable and our intuition misled us. Worse, as we realized how omnipresent and varied uncertainty is, we encountered chaos, quantum mechanics, and the limitations of our predictive power. Bestselling author Professor Ian Stewart explores the history and mathematics of uncertainty. Touching on gambling, probability, statistics, financial and weather forecasts, censuses, medical studies, chaos, quantum physics, and climate, he makes one thing clear: a reasonable probability is the only certainty.

The Life and Death of Stars

The Life and Death of Stars
Author: Kenneth R. Lang
Pages: 332
ISBN: 9781107016385
Available:
Release: 2013-03-25
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In an illustrated, accessible text, the author explains the life cycle of stars, from dense molecular clouds to the enigmatic nebulae some stars leave behind in their violent ends.

John Von Neumann and Norbert Wiener

John Von Neumann and Norbert Wiener
Author: Steve J. Heims,John Von Neumann
Pages: 547
ISBN: UCLA:L0065831968
Available:
Release: 1980
Editor: Mit Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A double biography compares the lives and careers of two innovative mathematicians and assesses their respective contributions in the areas of quantum mechanics and cybernetics

Math with Bad Drawings

Math with Bad Drawings
Author: Ben Orlin
Pages: 376
ISBN: 9780316509022
Available:
Release: 2018-09-18
Editor: Black Dog & Leventhal
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A hilarious reeducation in mathematics-full of joy, jokes, and stick figures-that sheds light on the countless practical and wonderful ways that math structures and shapes our world. In Math With Bad Drawings, Ben Orlin reveals to us what math actually is; its myriad uses, its strange symbols, and the wild leaps of logic and faith that define the usually impenetrable work of the mathematician. Truth and knowledge come in multiple forms: colorful drawings, encouraging jokes, and the stories and insights of an empathetic teacher who believes that math should belong to everyone. Orlin shows us how to think like a mathematician by teaching us a brand-new game of tic-tac-toe, how to understand an economic crises by rolling a pair of dice, and the mathematical headache that ensues when attempting to build a spherical Death Star. Every discussion in the book is illustrated with Orlin's trademark "bad drawings," which convey his message and insights with perfect pitch and clarity. With 24 chapters covering topics from the electoral college to human genetics to the reasons not to trust statistics, Math with Bad Drawings is a life-changing book for the math-estranged and math-enamored alike.

Against the Day

Against the Day
Author: Thomas Pynchon
Pages: 1584
ISBN: 9781101594667
Available:
Release: 2012-06-13
Editor: Penguin
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A New York Times Notable Book of the Year, a Washington Post Best Book of the Year Spanning the era between the Chicago World’s Fair of 1893 and the years just after World War I, and constantly moving between locations across the globe (and to a few places not strictly speaking on the map at all), Against the Day unfolds with a phantasmagoria of characters that includes anarchists, balloonists, gamblers, drug enthusiasts, mathematicians, mad scientists, shamans, spies, and hired guns. As an era of uncertainty comes crashing down around their ears and an unpredictable future commences, these folks are mostly just trying to pursue their lives. Sometimes they manage to catch up; sometimes it’s their lives that pursue them.

The Calculus Story

The Calculus Story
Author: David Acheson
Pages: 160
ISBN: 9780192526717
Available:
Release: 2017-11-04
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Calculus is the key to much of modern science and engineering. It is the mathematical method for the analysis of things that change, and since in the natural world we are surrounded by change, the development of calculus was a huge breakthrough in the history of mathematics. But it is also something of a mathematical adventure, largely because of the way infinity enters at virtually every twist and turn... In The Calculus Story David Acheson presents a wide-ranging picture of calculus and its applications, from ancient Greece right up to the present day. Drawing on their original writings, he introduces the people who helped to build our understanding of calculus. With a step by step treatment, he demonstrates how to start doing calculus, from the very beginning.

The Wonder Book of Geometry

The Wonder Book of Geometry
Author: David Acheson
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9780198846383
Available:
Release: 2020-10-22
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

David Acheson transports us into the world of geometry, one of the oldest branches of mathematics. He describes its history, from ancient Greece to the present day, and its emphasis on proofs. With its elegant deduction and practical applications, he demonstrates how geometry offers the quickest route to the spirit of mathematics at its best.

Thinking In Numbers

Thinking In Numbers
Author: Daniel Tammet
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9780316250801
Available:
Release: 2013-07-30
Editor: Little, Brown Spark
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The irresistibly engaging book that "enlarges one's wonder at Tammet's mind and his all-embracing vision of the world as grounded in numbers" (Oliver Sacks, MD). Thinking in Numbers is the book that Daniel Tammet, mathematical savant and bestselling author, was born to write. In Tammet's world, numbers are beautiful and mathematics illuminates our lives and minds. Using anecdotes, everyday examples, and ruminations on history, literature, and more, Tammet allows us to share his unique insights and delight in the way numbers, fractions, and equations underpin all our lives. Inspired variously by the complexity of snowflakes, Anne Boleyn's eleven fingers, and his many siblings, Tammet explores questions such as why time seems to speed up as we age, whether there is such a thing as an average person, and how we can make sense of those we love. His provocative and inspiring new book will change the way you think about math and fire your imagination to view the world with fresh eyes.

The Math Behind

The Math Behind
Author: Colin Beveridge
Pages: 192
ISBN: 1770859985
Available:
Release: 2017-10-14
Editor: Firefly Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"A compilation of everyday events analyzed for their probability of occurring. The odds are determined using mathematical equations and science. An entertaining illustrated reference to the role of mathematics in everyday life. Topics examined are: the human condition, sports and games, traveling from A to B, digital technology, chance and coincidence, and more."--