The Broken Spears

The Broken Spears
Author: Miguel León Portilla
Pages: 196
ISBN: 0807055018
Available:
Release: 1992
Editor: Beacon Press
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

Translated by Lysander Kemp. Illustrations adapted from original codices painting.

The Broken Spears

The Broken Spears
Author: Miguel León Portilla
Pages: 204
ISBN: 9780807055007
Available:
Release: 2006
Editor: Beacon Press
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

Describes ancient Aztec civilization and presents Native American accounts of the persecution and slaughter that accompanied Cortes' conquest of Mexico.

The Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition

The Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Pages: 264
ISBN: 9780807095454
Available:
Release: 2011-02-07
Editor: Beacon Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. Miguel León-Portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to include the voices of indigenous peoples. In this new and updated edition of his classic The Broken Spears, León-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries. These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. León-Portilla's new Postscript reflects upon the critical importance of these unexpected historical accounts.

Broken Spears

Broken Spears
Author: Elizabeth L. Gilbert
Pages: 192
ISBN: 0871138409
Available:
Release: 2003
Editor: Grove Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A stunning visual portrait of a vanishing way of life captures the everyday world of Maasai in more than 120 remarkable images revealing the traditional rituals, ceremonies, landscapes, and life cycles of an African tribe.

The Broken Spears

The Broken Spears
Author: Miguel León Portilla
Pages: 168
ISBN: OCLC:13493287
Available:
Release: 1966
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition

Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Pages: 152
ISBN: 080705500X
Available:
Release: 2011
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. Miguel León-Portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to include the voices of indigenous peoples. In this new and updated edition of his classic The Broken Spears, León-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries. These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. León-Portilla's new Postscript ref.

Aztec Thought and Culture

Aztec Thought and Culture
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780806170619
Available:
Release: 2012-11-28
Editor: University of Oklahoma Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.

Broken Spears

Broken Spears
Author: Neville Green
Pages: 238
ISBN: 0959182810
Available:
Release: 1984
Editor: Perth : Focus Education Services ; [Cottesloe, WA : Distributors, Focus Education Services]
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Nyungar lifestyle; impact of exploration and settlement on Aborigines 1616-1852; violent conflict, especially the Battle of Pinjarra; treatment by courts and Rottnest Island Aboriginal Prison; use of Aboriginal labour; major epidemics and illnesses; missions; seizure of land.

Conquistador

Conquistador
Author: Buddy Levy
Pages: 448
ISBN: 9780553384710
Available:
Release: 2009
Editor: Bantam
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In 1519, Hernâan Cortâes arrived on the shores of Mexico with a roughshod crew of adventurers and the intent to expand the Spanish empire. Along the way, this brash and roguish conquistador schemed to convert the native inhabitants to Catholicism and carry off a fortune in gold. In Tenochtitlâan, the City of Dreams, Cortâes met his Aztec counterpart, Montezuma: king, divinity, ruler of a complex and sophisticated civilization with fifteen million people, and commander of the most powerful military machine in the Americas. Yet in less than two years, Cortâes defeated the entire Aztec nation in one of the most astonishing military campaigns ever waged. Sometimes outnumbered thousands-to-one, Cortâes repeatedly beat seemingly impossible odds. Journalist Levy meticulously researches the mix of cunning, courage, brutality, superstition, and finally disease that enabled Cortâes and his men to survive.--From publisher description.

The Broken Spears The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico D and with an Introd by Miguel Leon Portilla

The Broken Spears  The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico  D  and with an Introd  by Miguel Leon Portilla
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Pages: 169
ISBN: OCLC:490687901
Available:
Release: 1963
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

Historia de la Conquista de M xico

Historia de la Conquista de M  xico
Author: James Lockhart,Kathleen M. Blee,Bernardino De Sahagun
Pages: 335
ISBN: 0520078756
Available:
Release: 1993
Editor: Univ of California Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Historians are concerned today that the Spaniards' early accounts of their first experiences with the Indians in the Americas should be balanced with accounts from the Indian perspective. We People Here reflects that concern, bringing together important and revealing documents written in the Nahuatl language in sixteenth-century Mexico. James Lockhart's superior translation combines contemporary English with the most up-to-date, nuanced understanding of Nahuatl grammar and meaning. The foremost Nahuatl conquest account is Book Twelve of the Florentine Codex. In this monumental work, Fray Bernardino de Sahag�n commissioned Nahuas to collect and record in their own language accounts of the conquest of Mexico; he then added a parallel Spanish account that is part summary, part elaboration of the Nahuatl. Now, for the first time, the Nahuatl and Spanish texts are together in one volume with en face English translations and reproductions of the copious illustrations from the Codex. Also included are five other Nahua conquest texts. Lockhart's introduction discusses each one individually, placing the narratives in context.

Indian Women of Early Mexico

Indian Women of Early Mexico
Author: Susan Schroeder,Stephanie Wood,Robert Stephen Haskett
Pages: 486
ISBN: 0806129603
Available:
Release: 1999-01-01
Editor: University of Oklahoma Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This collection of essays by leading scholars in Mexican ethnohistory, edited by Susan Schroeder, Stephanie Wood, and Robert Haskett, examines the life experiences of Indian women in preconquest colonial Mexico. In this volume: "Introduction," Susan Schroeder; "Mexica Women on the Home Front," Louise M. Burkhart; "Aztec Wives," Arthur J. O. Anderson; "Indian-Spanish Marriages in the First Century of the Colony," Pedro Carrasco; "Gender and Social Identity," Rebecca Horn; "From Parallel and Equivalent to Separate but Unequal: Tenochca Mexica Women, 1500-1700," Susan Kellogg; "Activist or Adulteress/ The Life and Struggle of Doña Josefa Mará of Tepoztlan," Robert Haskett; "Matters of Life at Death," Stephanie Wood; "Mixteca Cacicas," Ronald Spores; "Women and Crime in Colonial Oaxaca," Lisa Mary Sousa; "Women, Rebellion, and the Moral Economy of Maya Peasants in Colonial Mexico," Kevin Gosner; "Work, Marriage, and Status: Maya Women of Colonial Yucatan," Marta Espejo-Ponce Hunt and Matthew Restall; "Double Jeopardy," Susan M. Deeds; "Women's Voices from the Frontier," Leslie S. Offutt; "Rethinking Malinche," Frances Karttunen; "Concluding Remarks," Stephanie Wood and Robert Haskett.

A Cultural History of the Atlantic World 1250 1820

A Cultural History of the Atlantic World  1250   1820
Author: John K. Thornton
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781139536196
Available:
Release: 2012-08-27
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250–1820 explores the idea that strong links exist in the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South America. John K. Thornton provides a comprehensive overview of the history of the Atlantic Basin before 1830 by describing political, social and cultural interactions between the continents' inhabitants. He traces the backgrounds of the populations on these three continental landmasses brought into contact by European navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of a variety of Atlantic societies and showing how new ways of eating, drinking, speaking and worshipping developed in the newly created Atlantic World. This book uses close readings of original sources to produce new interpretations of its subject.

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest

Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest
Author: Matthew Restall
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780197537299
Available:
Release: 2021-04-15
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An update of a popular work that takes on the myths of the Spanish Conquest of the Americas, featuring a new afterword. Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest reveals how the Spanish invasions in the Americas have been conceived and presented, misrepresented and misunderstood, in the five centuries since Columbus first crossed the Atlantic. This book is a unique and provocative synthesis of ideas and themes that were for generations debated or perpetuated without question in academic and popular circles. The 2003 edition became the foundation stone of a scholarly turn since called The New Conquest History. Each of the book's seven chapters describes one "myth," or one aspect of the Conquest that has been distorted or misrepresented, examines its roots, and explodes its fallacies and misconceptions. Using a wide array of primary and secondary sources, written in a scholarly but readable style, Seven Myths of the Spanish Conquest explains why Columbus did not set out to prove the world was round, the conquistadors were not soldiers, the native Americans did not take them for gods, Cort�s did not have a unique vision of conquest procedure, and handfuls of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity. Conquest realities were more complex--and far more fascinating--than conventional histories have related, and they featured a more diverse cast of protagonists-Spanish, Native American, and African. This updated edition of a key event in the history of the Americas critically examines the book's arguments, how they have held up, and why they prompted the rise of a New Conquest History.

Fifth Sun

Fifth Sun
Author: Camilla Townsend
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780190673062
Available:
Release: 2019
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Fifth Sun offers a comprehensive history of the Aztecs, spanning the period before conquest to a century after the conquest, based on rarely-used Nahuatl-language sources written by the indigenous people.

Aztecs

Aztecs
Author: Inga Clendinnen
Pages: 574
ISBN: 9781107693562
Available:
Release: 2014-05-15
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In 1521, the city of Tenochtitlan, magnificent centre of the Aztec empire, fell to the Spaniards and their Indian allies. Inga Clendinnen's account of the Aztecs recreates the culture of that city in its last unthreatened years. It provides a vividly dramatic analysis of Aztec ceremony as performance art, binding the key experiences and concerns of social existence in the late imperial city to the mannered violence of their ritual killings.

Native Mesoamerican Spirituality

Native Mesoamerican Spirituality
Author: Miguel León Portilla
Pages: 300
ISBN: 0809122316
Available:
Release: 1980
Editor: Paulist Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This volume presents a carefully edited and translated collection of Pre-Columbian ancient spiritual texts. It presents relevant examples of those sacred writings of the indigenous peoples of Central America, especially Mexico, that have survived destruction. The majority of texts were conceived in the 950-1521 A.D. period. Their authors were primarily anonymous sages, priests and members of the ancient nobility. Most were written in Nahuath (also known as Aztec or Mexican), in Yucatec and Quiche-Maya languages.

In the Language of Kings

In the Language of Kings
Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla,Earl Shorris
Pages: 752
ISBN: 0393324079
Available:
Release: 2002-09
Editor: W. W. Norton & Company
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The first anthology in any language to represent the full trajectory of this remarkable literature.

When Montezuma Met Cortes

When Montezuma Met Cortes
Author: Matthew Restall
Pages: 560
ISBN: 9780062427281
Available:
Release: 2018-02-06
Editor: HarperCollins
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A dramatic rethinking of the encounter between Montezuma and Hernando Cortés that completely overturns what we know about the Spanish conquest of the Americas On November 8, 1519, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, the Aztec emperor, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan. This introduction—the prelude to the Spanish seizure of Mexico City and to European colonization of the mainland of the Americas—has long been the symbol of Cortés’s bold and brilliant military genius. Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire and touched off a wave of colonial invasions across the hemisphere. But is this really what happened? In a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma. Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, their achievements and failures, and the worlds in which they lived—leading, step by step, to a dramatic inversion of the old story. As Restall takes us through this sweeping, revisionist account of a pivotal moment in modern civilization, he calls into question our view of the history of the Americas, and, indeed, of history itself.

The Broken Spears

The Broken Spears
Author: Miguel León Portilla,Lysander Kemp
Pages: 158
ISBN: OCLC:318168564
Available:
Release: 1962
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book: