Perspectives from the Past

Perspectives from the Past
Author: James M Bophy
Pages: 537
ISBN: 0393265390
Available:
Release: 2015-11-03
Editor: W. W. Norton
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Placing value in perspective a rich primary source collection at a truly exceptional value."

Cosmopolitanisms in Muslim Contexts

Cosmopolitanisms in Muslim Contexts
Author: Derryl N MacLean
Pages: 208
ISBN: 9780748656097
Available:
Release: 2013-09-23
Editor: Edinburgh University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Focuses on moments in world history when cosmopolitan ideas and actions pervaded specific Muslim societies and cultures, exploring the tensions between regional cultures, isolated enclaves and modern nation-states.

Perspectives from the Past From the age of exploration through contemporary times

Perspectives from the Past  From the age of exploration through contemporary times
Author: James M. Brophy,Joshua Cole,John Robertson,Thomas Max Safley,Carol Symes
Pages: 600
ISBN: 0393912957
Available:
Release: 2011-11
Editor: W. W. Norton
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The best collection of longer primary sources now available in an affordable, compact format.

Living Standards in the Past

Living Standards in the Past
Author: Robert C. Allen,Tommy Bengtsson,Martin Dribe
Pages: 472
ISBN: 9780199280681
Available:
Release: 2005-03-24
Editor: Oxford University Press on Demand
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Why did Europe experience industrialisation and modern economic growth before China, India or Japan? This is one of the most fundamental questions in Economic History and one that has provoked intense debate. The main concern of this book is to determine when the gap in living standards between the East and the West emerged. The established view, dating back to Adam Smith, is that the gap emerged long before the Industrial Revolution, perhaps thousands of years ago. While this viewhas been called into question - and many of the explanations for it greatly undermined - the issue demands much more empirical research than has yet been undertaken. How did the standard of living in Europe and Asia compare in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? The present book proposes ananswer by considering evidence of three sorts. The first is economic, focusing on income, food production, wages, and prices. The second is demographic, comparing heights, life expectancy and other demographic indicators. The third combines the economic and demographic by investigating the demographic vulnerability to short-term economic stress.The contributions show the highly complex and diverse pattern of the standard of living in the pre-industrial period. The general picture emerging is not one of a great divergence between East and West, but instead one of considerable similarities. These similarities not only pertain to economic aspects of standard of living but also to demography and the sensitivity to economic fluctuations. In addition to these similarities, there were also pronounced regional differences within the East andwithin the West - regional differences that in many cases were larger than the average differences between Europe and Asia. This clearly highlights the importance of analysing several dimensions of the standard of living, as well as the danger of neglecting regional, social, and household specificdifferences when assessing the level of well-being in the past.

Perspectives on Oceans Past

Perspectives on Oceans Past
Author: Kathleen Schwerdtner Máñez,Bo Poulsen
Pages: 211
ISBN: 9789401774963
Available:
Release: 2016-05-24
Editor: Springer
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Marine environmental history analyses the changing relationships between human societies and marine natural resources over time. This is the first book which deals in a systematic way with the theoretical backgrounds of this discipline. Major theories and methods are introduced by leading scholars of the field. The book seeks to encapsulate some of the major novelties of this fascinating new discipline and its contribution to the management, conservation and restoration of marine and coastal ecosystems as well as the cultural heritages of coastal communities in different parts of the world.

Appropriating the Past

Appropriating the Past
Author: Geoffrey Scarre,Robin Coningham
Pages: 353
ISBN: 9780521196062
Available:
Release: 2012-11-12
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An international and multidisciplinary team addresses significant ethical questions about the rights to access, manage and interpret the material remains of the past.

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean
Author: John B. Thornes,John Wainwright
Pages: 512
ISBN: 9781134729852
Available:
Release: 2004-03-01
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Mediterranean has been subject to changing human settlement and land use patterns for millennia, and has a history of human exploitation in an inherently unstable landscape. Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean reviews both physical and social aspects of this region, in relation to its environment. Ideal for students who are studying a range of environmental issues, but want to see them linked within one regional context. The book begins with an introduction to the Mediterranean region, its history, physical and human geography and its environmental problems. It then goes on to examine: * The Dynamic Environment - climate variables and fluctuations, vegetation, the hydrological cycle of the basin and its watershed, processes of erosion, fire and the Mediterranean Sea *The Human Impact on the Environment - prehistoric and historic land use, traditional agriculture, rural and urban settlement and use of mineral resources * The Mediterranean Environment Under Increasing Pressure - the present human landscape, changes in agriculture in the 20th century, the impact of depopulation, pollution, water resources, desertification and potential climatic change. It then concludes with a discussion of the region's on-going environmental issues of water resources, land degradation, agricultural intensification and tourism, and considers how these can be approached using management techniques and national and regional policies.

The Politics of the Past

The Politics of the Past
Author: P. Gathercole,D. Lowenthal
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9781134866427
Available:
Release: 2004-01-14
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

'History is written by the winners' is the received wisdom. This book explains why historical interpretation has to incorporate perspectives from those other than 'winners', and demonstrates archaeology's crucial role in this wide-ranging approach. The book draws more on Africa, Afro-America, Australasia and Oceania than on Europe, the source of the traditionally dominant perspective in archaeology. The four organizing themes of The Politics of the Past are the forms and consequences of the Eurocentric heritage, the conflicting perspectives of rulers and ruled, the significance of administrative and institutional rivalries, and the cleavages that divide professional from popular views of archaeology. Archaeologists, anthropologists, historians and other scholars will find The Politics of the Past illuminating and provocative. It will enrich historical and archaeological inquiry and interpretation, and ramify their relevance for public policy.

Development In Modern Africa

Development In Modern Africa
Author: Martin S. Shanguhyia,Toyin Falola
Pages: 232
ISBN: 9781000713930
Available:
Release: 2019-10-08
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Development in Modern Africa: Past and Present Perspectives contributes to our understanding of Africa’s experiences with the development process. It does so by adopting a historical and contemporary analysis of this experience. The book is set within the context of critiques on development in Africa that have yielded two general categories of analysis: skepticism and pessimism. While not overlooking the shortcomings of development, the themes in the book express an optimistic view of Africa’s development experiences, highlighting elements that can be tapped into to enhance the condition of African populations and their states. By using case studies from precolonial, colonial, and postcolonial Africa, contributors to the volume demonstrate that human instincts to improve material, social and spiritual words are universal. They are not limited to the Western world, which the term and process of development are typically associated with. Before and after contact with the West, Africans have actively created institutions and values that they have actively employed to improve individual and community lives. This innovative spirit has motivated Africans to integrate or experiment with new values and structures, challenges, and solutions to human welfare that resulted from contact with colonialism and the postcolonial global community. The book will be of interest to academics in the fields of history, African studies, and regional studies.

Teaching and Learning the Difficult Past

Teaching and Learning the Difficult Past
Author: Magdalena H. Gross,Luke Terra
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781351616676
Available:
Release: 2018-12-07
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Building upon the theoretical foundations for the teaching and learning of difficult histories in social studies classrooms, this edited collection offers diverse perspectives on school practices, curriculum development, and experiences of teaching about traumatic events. Considering the relationship between memory, history, and education, this volume advances the discussion of classroom-based practices for teaching and learning difficult histories and investigates the role that history education plays in creating and sustaining national and collective identities.

Culture Heritage and Representation

Culture  Heritage and Representation
Author: Steve Watson
Pages: 296
ISBN: 9781351946780
Available:
Release: 2016-12-05
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The 'visual' has long played a crucial role in forming experiences, associations, expectations and understandings of heritage. Images convey meaning within a range of practices, including tourism, identity construction, the popularization of the past through a variety of media, and the memorialization of events. However, despite the central role of 'the visual' in these contexts, it has been largely neglected in heritage literature. This edited collection is the first to explore the production, use and consumption of visual imagery as an integral part of heritage. Drawing on case studies from around the world, it provides a multidisciplinary analysis of heritage representations, combining complex understandings of the 'visual' from a wide range of disciplines, including heritage studies, sociology and cultural studies perspectives. In doing so, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the theoretical and methodological tools necessary for understanding visual imagery within its cultural context.

Famine Demography

Famine Demography
Author: Professor of Population and Development Tim Dyson, M.,Tim Dyson,Cormac O Grada,Cormac Ó Gráda,Cormac S. Grada
Pages: 264
ISBN: 0199251916
Available:
Release: 2002
Editor: Oxford University Press on Demand
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book deals with the important subject of famine demography. Drawing together case studies of famines in the historical past and more recent times it tries to answer questions such as: To what extent did famines control human population growth in the past? Who dies most in famines? What are the principal causes of famine mortality? When do people die in famines? And what factors influence the volume of famine mortality? The implications of famines for humanfertility and migration are also investigated.

Entangled Heritages

Entangled Heritages
Author: Olaf Kaltmeier,Mario Rufer
Pages: 200
ISBN: 9781317142805
Available:
Release: 2016-07-01
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Relying on the concept of a shared history, this book argues that we can speak of a shared heritage that is common in terms of the basic grammar of heritage and articulated histories, but divided alongside the basic difference between colonizers and colonized. This problematic is also evident in contemporary uses of the past. The last decades were crucial to the emergence of new debates: subcultures, new identities, hidden voices and multicultural discourse as a kind of new hegemonic platform also involving concepts of heritage and/or memory. Thereby we can observe a proliferation of heritage agents, especially beyond the scope of the nation state. This volume gets beyond a container vision of heritage that seeks to construct a diachronical continuity in a given territory. Instead, authors point out the relational character of heritage focusing on transnational and translocal flows and interchanges of ideas, concepts, and practices, as well as on the creation of contact zones where the meaning of heritage is negotiated and contested. Exploring the relevance of the politics of heritage and the uses of memory in the consolidation of these nation states, as well as in the current disputes over resistances, hidden memories, undermined pasts, or the politics of nostalgia, this book seeks to seize the local/global dimensions around heritage.

Contagion

Contagion
Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Dominik Wujastyk
Pages: 242
ISBN: 9781351949248
Available:
Release: 2017-07-05
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Contagion - even today the word conjures up fear of disease and plague and has the power to terrify. The nine essays gathered here examine what pre-modern societies thought about the spread of disease and how it could be controlled: to what extent were concepts familiar to modern epidemiology present? What does the pre-modern terminology tell us about the conceptions of those times? How did medical thought relate to religious and social beliefs? The contributors reveal the complexity of ideas on these subjects, from antiquity through to the early modern world, from China to India, the Middle East, and Europe. Particular topics include attitudes to leprosy in the Old Testament and the medieval West, conceptions of smallpox etiology in China, witchcraft and sorcery as disease agents in ancient India, and the influence of classical Greek medical theory. An important conclusion is that non-medical perceptions are as crucial as medical ones in people’s beliefs about disease and the ways in which it can be combatted. Today we may not believe in the power of demons, but the idea that illness is retribution for sin retains great power, as was shown by the popular reaction to the spread of AIDS/HIV, and this is a lesson from the past that the medical profession would do well to heed.

World History

World History
Author: Larry Krieger,D.C. Heath and Company
Pages: 45
ISBN: 0669405442
Available:
Release: 1997
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Past Perspectives

Past Perspectives
Author: I. S. Moxon,John David Smart,J. D. Smart,A. J. Woodman
Pages: 241
ISBN: 0521266254
Available:
Release: 1986-01-30
Editor: CUP Archive
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The ten papers which make up this volume were originally presented at a conference on 'The Greek and Roman Historians', held at the University of Leeds in 1983. Some of the articles investigate in detail the assumptions, prejudices and methods which were brought to their works by writers as separate in time as Herodotus and Ammianus, as opposed in outlook as Thucydides and Dionysius, or as different in practical approach as Xenophon, Plutarch and Tacitus. Other papers, more wide-ranging in scope, examine respectively the validity of the traditions about early Rome, the function of historical writing in Rome of the second and first centuries BC, and the contemporary and later source material for the Caesarian tyrannicides. In an Epilogue the editors discuss the main themes which emerge from the collection.

The Living History Anthology

The Living History Anthology
Author: Martha B. Katz-Hyman,Cliff Jones,Susan J. McCabe,Mary Seelhorst
Pages: 244
ISBN: 9780429763519
Available:
Release: 2018-12-07
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Living History Anthology brings together twenty-six practical essays on the craft of establishing and running living history museums. Contributions cover all aspects of developing and running a living history site. Including contributions on strategic planning, human resource management, research programs, collection policies, and engagement with varied audiences, including indigenous groups, the book demonstrates how to approach such tasks from a living history perspective. Topics unique to the sector, such as re-enactment, historic trade crafts, and working with machinery and livestock, are also covered. Each essay is briefly introduced and contextualized by the editors, while the collection is bookended by a new foreword and afterword from Debra A. Reid, and an introduction from the editors. Representing the collective wisdom of the Association for Living History, Farm and Agricultural Museums (ALHFAM) members across the decades, The Living History Anthology provides a valuable resource for all living history practitioners. It should also be of interest to students and scholars studying living history.

The Making of Finance

The Making of Finance
Author: Isabelle Chambost,Marc Lenglet,Yamina Tadjeddine
Pages: 290
ISBN: 9781351016094
Available:
Release: 2018-09-26
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Using a variety of theoretical frameworks drawn from the social sciences, the contributions in this edited collection offer a critical perspective on the dominant paradigms used in contemporary financial activities. Through a detailed study of the organisation and functioning of financial intermediaries and institutions, the contributors to this volume analyse ‘finance in the making’, by shedding light on the structuring of banking and financial systems, on their capacity to prescribe action and control, on their modes of regulation and, more generally, on the process of financialisation. Contributions presented in this volume have been written by authors working within the ‘social studies of finance’ tradition, a research programme that emerged twenty years ago, with the aim of addressing a diversity of financial fieldworks and related theoretical questions. This book, therefore, sheds light on different areas that are representative of contemporary financial realities. Specifically, it first studies the work of financial employees: traders, salespeople, investment managers, financial analysts, investment consultants, etc. but also provides an analysis of a range of financial instruments: financial schemes and contracts, financial derivatives, socially responsible investment funds, as well as market rules and regulations. Finally, it puts into perspective the organisations contributing to this financial reality: those developing and selling financial services (retail banks, brokerage houses, asset management firms, private equity firms, etc.), and also those contributing to the regulation of such activities (banking regulators, financial market authorities, credit rating agencies, the State, to name a few). Each text can be read without any specific knowledge of finance; the book is thus addressed to anyone willing to better understand the intricacies of contemporary financial realities.

Cultural Resource Management in Contemporary Society

Cultural Resource Management in Contemporary Society
Author: Alf Hatton,Francis P. MacManamon
Pages: 360
ISBN: 9781134816316
Available:
Release: 2003-05-20
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This innovative collection of essays from an international range of contributors describes various means of preserving, protecting and presenting vital cultural resources within the context of economic development, competing claims of "ownership" of particular cultural resources, modern uses of structures and space, and other aspects of late twentieth-century life.

Care in the Past

Care in the Past
Author: Lindsay Powell,William Southwell-Wright,Rebecca Gowland
Pages: 208
ISBN: 9781785703362
Available:
Release: 2016-11-30
Editor: Oxbow Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Care-giving is an activity that has been practiced by all human societies. From the earliest societies through to the present, all humans have faced choices regarding how people in positions of dependency are to be treated. As such, care-giving, and the form it takes, is a central experience of being a human and one that is culturally mediated. Archaeology has tended to marginalise the study of care, and debates surrounding our ability to recognise it within the archaeological record have often remained implicit rather than a focus of discussion. These 12 papers examine the topic of care in past societies and specifically how we might recognise the provision of care in archaeological contexts and to open up an inter-disciplinary conversation, including historical, bioarchaeological, faunal and philosophical perspectives. The topic of ‘care’ is examined through three different strands: the provision of care throughout the life course, namely that provided to the youngest and oldest members of a society; care-giving and attitudes towards impairment and disability in prehistoric and historic contexts, and the role of animals as both recipients of care and as tools for its provision.