The Rise And Fall Of The Cellist Composer Of The Nineteenth Century
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|Author||: Katherine Ann Geeseman|
ABSTRACT: In the late eighteenth century the violoncello began its ascent toward acceptance as a solo, virtuosic instrument equal to the violin. Much of this ascent was due to the tradition of cellist-composers: virtuoso performers who composed works for the cello that served to showcase the versatility of the instrument. These cellist-composers built a repertoire for the instrument, and without their influence, modern cello performance and pedagogy would not be the same. However, these great artists are mostly forgotten because their music has fallen out of style. Yet the pieces they wrote, both original and transcribed, provided generations of cellists with guides to technique and musicality that are missing today. It is important that cellists, both as performers and teachers strive to reintroduce these works into the studios and recital halls so that cellists of all levels can continue to build upon a tradition that created the field to which they aspire. The purpose of this treatise is to highlight the works of one of the preeminent cellist-composers, Georg Goltermann. The processes used will firstly be an in-depth study of his life and secondly, the creation of an annotated bibliography of his cello works, including all pertinent publication and location information. The goal of this research is to create a catalog of Georg Goltermann's works and an easy-to-use resource for cellists. Through this guide, both teachers and performers alike can familiarize themselves with the entirety of the works of Georg Goltermann and thus expand the repertoire available to teachers seeking to guide cellists of all ability levels toward a more virtuosic technique and musicality. After a brief introduction, Chapter Two will discuss the rise of the cellist-composer in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This overview will lead to a discussion in Chapter Three concerning the development of the modern bow and violoncello as well as progress in score-writing consistency. Finally, Chapter Four will finish the historical discussion on cellist-composers with a look at how the cellist-composer lost fame and importance and diminished into a forgotten field. Chapter Five will delve into the life of Georg Goltermann with a discussion of his life, his works and his legacy. Chapter Six will conclude the main text of the treatise with an assessment of the life and works of Georg Goltermann, and their importance today. After the conclusion, two catalogs are attached to this treatise. The first is an annotated bibliography of the violoncello works of Georg Goltermann, and the second, is a complete works list. The annotated bibliography lists all of Georg Goltermann's works that include violoncello either in a solo or accompanimental role. The bibliography is listed by opus number and contains the work title, key, movement titles, instrumentation, publication information and where the scores can be found today. After the main annotated bibliography, the author has included two bibliographies of Goltermann's cello works organized by instrumentation and by genre. The complete works list is self-explanatory, but gives the reader a larger picture of Goltermann's compositional output.
|Author||: John Carnelley|
|Editor||: Boydell & Brewer|
The first full length study of Sir George Thomas Smart (1776-1867), musical animateur and early champion of the music of Beethoven
|Author||: Gabrielle Kaufman|
|Editor||: Taylor & Francis|
Barcelonian Gaspar Cassadó (1897-1966) was one of the greatest cello virtuosi of the twentieth century and a notable composer and arranger, leaving a vast and heterogeneous legacy. In this book, Gabrielle Kaufman provides the first full-length scholarly work dedicated to Cassadó, containing the results of seven years of research into his life and legacy, after following the cellist’s steps through Spain, France, Italy and Japan. The study presents in-depth descriptions of the three main parts of Cassadó’s creative output: composition, transcription and performance, especially focusing on Cassadó’s plural and multi-facetted creativity, which is examined from both cultural and historical perspectives. Cassadó’s role within the evolution of twentieth-century cello performance is thoroughly examined, including a discussion regarding the musical and technical aspects of performing Cassadó’s works, aimed directly at performers. The study presents the first attempt at a comprehensive catalogue of Cassadó’s works, both original and transcribed, as well as his recordings, using a number of new archival sources and testimonies. In addition, the composer’s significance within Spanish twentieth-century music is treated in detail through a number of case studies, sustained by examples from recovered score manuscripts. Illuminated by extraordinary source material Gaspar Cassadó: Cellist, Composer and Transcriber expands and deepens our knowledge of this complex figure, and will be of crucial importance to students and scholars in the fields of Performance Practice and Spanish Music, as well as to professional cellists and advanced cello students.
|Author||: Leon Plantinga|
|Editor||: Simply Charly|
“This is an elegant, delightful, concise and richly informative introduction to Beethoven, the man and his music, written by a distinguished scholar whose breadth of learning and measured judgment are present on every page.” —Leon Botstein, music director and principal conductor of the American Symphony Orchestra and president of Bard College Born in Bonn, Germany, Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) showed musical talent from an early age and was first taught by his musician father, Johann, an alcoholic who often beat his son. At the age of 21, Beethoven moved to Vienna, where he studied with composer Joseph Haydn, and quickly became renowned as a pianist and conductor, as well as a composer. He continued to perform until 1811 when increasing deafness made it impossible, but until his death in 1827, he continued to create timeless works, including such masterpieces as the Ninth Symphony and the late string quartets. Plagued by illness and repeatedly thwarted in love, Beethoven rarely achieved personal happiness; yet he transcended the many setbacks and disappointments in his life to produce some of the greatest music ever written, which has come to be identified with the indomitableness of the human spirit. In Simply Beethoven, Professor Leon Plantinga offers the lay reader a fascinating account of Beethoven’s life and music in its singular historical context, a time that saw the upheaval of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic conquests, as well as the rise of the European middle class. It was in this milieu that Beethoven composed the groundbreaking, highly individual works that changed the course of music and have continued to inspire and delight listeners for more than two centuries. For anyone who is interested in knowing more about the extraordinary music that has become an integral part of Western culture, as well as the troubled genius who created it, Simply Beethoven is a perfect introduction to the man and his work.
|Author||: Eric Siblin|
|Editor||: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic|
An award-winning journey through Johann Sebastian Bach’s six cello suites and the brilliant musician who revealed their lasting genius. One fateful evening, journalist and pop-music critic Eric Siblin attended a recital of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Cello Suites—an experience that set him on an epic quest to uncover the mysterious history of the entrancing compositions and their miraculous reemergence nearly two hundred years later. In pursuit of his musicological obsession, Siblin would unravel three centuries of intrigue, politics, and passion. Winner of the Mavis Gallant Prize for Non-fiction and the McAuslan First Book Prize, The Cello Suites weaves together three dramatic narratives: the disappearance of Bach’s manuscript in the eighteenth century, Pablo Casals’s discovery and popularization of the music in Spain in the late nineteenth century, and Siblin’s infatuation with the suites in the present day. The search led Siblin to Barcelona, where Casals, just thirteen and in possession of his first cello, roamed the backstreets with his father in search of sheet music and found Bach’s lost suites tucked in a dark corner of a store. Casals played them every day for twelve years before finally performing them in public. Siblin sheds new light on the mysteries that continue to haunt this music more than 250 years after its composer’s death: Why did Bach compose the suites for the cello, then considered a lowly instrument? What happened to the original manuscript? A seamless blend of biography and music history, The Cello Suites is a true-life journey of discovery, fueled by the power of these musical masterpieces. “The ironies of artistic genius and public taste are subtly explored in this winding, entertaining tale of a musical masterpiece.” —Publishers Weekly “Siblin’s writing is most inspired when describing the life of Casals, showing a genuine affection for the cellist, who . . . used his instrument and the suites as weapons of protest and pleas for peace.” —Booklist, starred review
|Author||: Marie Sumner Lott|
|Editor||: University of Illinois Press|
Marie Sumner Lott examines the music available to musical consumers in the nineteenth century, and what that music tells us about their tastes, priorities, and activities. Her social history of chamber music performance places the works of canonic composers such as Schubert, Brahms, and Dvorák in relation to lesser-known but influential peers. The book explores the dynamic relationships among the active agents involved in the creation of Romantic music and shows how each influenced the others' choices in a rich, collaborative environment. In addition to documenting the ways companies acquired and marketed sheet music, Sumner Lott reveals how the publication and performance of chamber music differed from that of ephemeral piano and song genres or more monumental orchestral and operatic works. Several distinct niche markets existed within the audience for chamber music, and composers created new musical works for their use and enjoyment. Insightful and groundbreaking, The Social Worlds of Nineteenth-Century Chamber Music revises prevailing views of middle-class influence on nineteenth-century musical style and presents new methods for interpreting the meanings of musical works for musicians both past and present.
|Author||: Peter Horton,Bennett Zon|
Originally published in 2003 and selected from papers given at the third biennial conference on Music in Nineteenth-Century Britain, this volume, in common with its two predecessors, reflects the interdisciplinary character of the topic. The introductory essay by Julian Rushton considers some of the questions that are key to this area of study: what is the nineteenth century, what is British music, and did London influence the continent? The essays that follow are divided into broad thematic groups covering aspects of gender, church music, national identity, and local and national institutions. This collection illustrates that while nineteenth-century British music studies is still in its infancy as a field of research, it is one that is burgeoning and contributing to our understanding of British social and cultural life of the period.
|Author||: Bruce Haynes,Geoffrey Burgess|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
What is rhetorical music? In The Pathetick Musician, Bruce Haynes and Geoffrey Burgess illustrate the vital place of rhetoric and eloquent expression in the creation and performance of Baroque music. Through engaging explorations of the cantatas of J.S. Bach, the authors explode the conventional notion of historical authenticity in music, proposing adventurous new directions to reinvigorate the performance of early music in the modern setting. Along the way, Haynes and Burgess investigate intersections between music and oratory, dance, gesture, poetry, painting and sculpture, and offer insights into figural elaboration, articulation, nuance and temporality. Aimed primarily at performers of Baroque music, the book situates the study of performance practice in a broader cultural context, and as much as an invaluable resource for advanced study, it contains a wealth of information that pertains directly to anyone working in the field of early music. Based on a draft sketched by celebrated Baroque oboist and early music scholar Bruce Haynes before his death in 2011, The Pathetick Musician is the fruit of the combined wisdom of two musicians renowned equally for their contributions as performers and scholars. Drawing on an impressive array of Classical treatises on oratory, musical autographs and performance accounts, it is an essential companion to Haynes' controversial The End of Early Music. Geoffrey Burgess has taken up the broader claims of Haynes' philosophy to create a practical, accessible text that will be stimulating for all musicians interested in the rediscovery of early music. With copious musical examples, contemporaneous works of art, and a companion website with supplementary audio recordings, The Pathetick Musician is an invaluable resource for all interested in exploring new expressive possibilities in the performance and study of Baroque music.
|Author||: David Golby|
First published in 2004, this book demonstrates that while Britain produced many fewer instrumental virtuosi than its foreign neighbours, there developed a more serious and widespread interest in the cultivation of music throughout the nineteenth century. Taking a predominantly historical approach, the book moves from a discussion of general developments and issues to a detailed examination of violin pedagogy, method and content, which indicates society’s influence on cultural trends and informs the discussion of other instruments and institutional training that follows. In the first study of its kind, it examines in depth the inextricable links between trends in society, education and levels of achievement. It also extends beyond profession and ‘art’ music to amateur and ‘popular’ spheres. A useful chronology of developments in nineteenth-century British music education is also included. This book will be of interest to those studying the history of instrumental teaching and Victorian music.
|Author||: Jeffrey Cooper|
|Author||: Suzanne Lee McIntosh|
|Author||: Mark N. Grant|
A history of the American Broadway musical examines its formative years and golden age and describes the reasons why many famous musicals became cultural icons, as well as looking at the decline the genre has suffered in more recent years.
|Author||: Dominic Gill|
|Editor||: Rizzoli International Publications|
This book, written by a team of craftsmen, historians, and critics, covers the making of violins and bows, and traces the story of the violin from its rapid rise to prominence to its current repertoire
|Author||: Jeffrey Magee|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
From patriotic "God Bless America" to wistful "White Christmas," Irving Berlin's songs have long accompanied Americans as they fall in love, go to war, and come home for the holidays. Irving Berlin's American Musical Theater is the first book to fully consider this songwriter's immeasurable influence on the American stage. Award-winning music historian Jeffrey Magee chronicles Berlin's legendary theatrical career, providing a rich background to some of the great composer's most enduring songs, from "There's No Business Like Show Business" to "Puttin' on the Ritz." Magee shows how Berlin's early experience singing for pennies made an impression on the young man, who kept hold of that sensibility throughout his career and transformed it into one of the defining attributes of Broadway shows. Magee also looks at darker aspects of Berlin's life, examining the anti-Semitism that Berlin faced and his struggle with depression. Informative, provocative, and full of colorful details, this book will delight song and theater aficionados alike as well as anyone interested in the story of a man whose life and work expressed so well the American dream.
|Author||: Jayoung Kim|
The cello began its rise as a popular solo instrument in the late eighteenth century. The development of the instrument in the eighteenth century enabled cellists to perform in a virtuosic style and to discover new sound and color possibilities on the cello. Unfortunately, there were few composers who truly understood and exploited the instrument's technical and sonic capabilities. In order to extend the limited solo cello repertoire, performers in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries sometimes chose to enhance the works that were available to them. In some cases these cellists' versions became more popular and widely performed than the composers' scores and, as a result, some original versions were largely forgotten or ignored. Although these arrangements certainly contributed to the expansion of cello repertoire, they provoke criticism regarding the authenticity of the composer's intention and creation in comparison with the authenticity of the arrangements created by the virtuosic cellists of the era. This treatise will examine the differences between the original and the performers' versions by measure-to-measure comparison, and surmise possible reasons behind the changes made by performers.
|Author||: Stuart A. Kallen|
|Editor||: Greenhaven Publishing LLC|
This volume offers a full chapter discussion of digital instruments in the twenty-first century with an emphasis on how synthesizers, samplers, drum machines, and computer effects such as auto-tune have taken on a greater role in chart-topping pop music. Readers will learn about the rising popularity of the tuba in banda music in Mexico and Southern California in what is being called the "tuba revolution." Additional information about country instruments such as the fiddle and standup bass are explained. Each chapter focuses on the history of a different family of instruments; percussion, woodwinds, brass, strings, keyboards, and digital instruments.
|Author||: Rachel Cowgill,Julian Rushton|
|Editor||: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.|
This volume illuminates musical connections between Britain and the continent of Europe, and Britain and its Empire. The seldom-recognized vitality of musical theatre and other kinds of spectacle in Britain itself, and also the flourishing concert life of the period, indicates a means of defining tradition and identity within nineteenth-century British musical culture. The volume benefits not only from new archival research, but also from fresh musicological approaches and interdisciplinary methods that recognize the integral role of music within a wider culture.
|Author||: R.J. Stove|
|Editor||: Open Road Media|
“Delightfully sophisticated . . . the only music history that can be savored, muscatel in hand, in the green shade of a beach umbrella” (John Simon, The Hudson Review). R. J. Stove’s A Student’s Guide to Music History is a concise account, written for the intelligent lay reader, of classical music’s development from the early Middle Ages onwards. Beginning with a discussion of Hildegard von Bingen, a twelfth-century German nun and composer, and the origins of plainchant, Stove’s narrative recounts the rise (and ever-increasing complexity) of harmony during the medieval world, the differences between secular and sacred music, the glories of the contrapuntal style, and the origins of opera. Stove then relates the achievements of the high baroque period, the very different idioms that prevailed during the late eighteenth century, and the emergence of Romanticism, with its emphasis upon the artist-hero. With the late nineteenth century came a growing emphasis on musical patriotism, writes Stove, especially in Spain, Hungary, Russia, Bohemia, Norway, Denmark, Finland, and the United States. A final section discusses the trends that have characterized music since 1945. Stove’s guide also singles out eminent composers for special coverage, including Palestrina, Monteverdi, Handel, Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Wagner, Verdi, Brahms, Debussy, Richard Strauss, Sibelius, and Messiaen. As a brief orientation to the history and contours of classical music, A Student’s Guide to Music History is an unparalleled resource.