The Sixth Extinction

The Sixth Extinction
Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Pages: 336
ISBN: 9780805099799
Available:
Release: 2014-02-11
Editor: Henry Holt and Company
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

ONE OF THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEW'S 10 BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR A major book about the future of the world, blending intellectual and natural history and field reporting into a powerful account of the mass extinction unfolding before our eyes Over the last half a billion years, there have been five mass extinctions, when the diversity of life on earth suddenly and dramatically contracted. Scientists around the world are currently monitoring the sixth extinction, predicted to be the most devastating extinction event since the asteroid impact that wiped out the dinosaurs. This time around, the cataclysm is us. In The Sixth Extinction, two-time winner of the National Magazine Award and New Yorker writer Elizabeth Kolbert draws on the work of scores of researchers in half a dozen disciplines, accompanying many of them into the field: geologists who study deep ocean cores, botanists who follow the tree line as it climbs up the Andes, marine biologists who dive off the Great Barrier Reef. She introduces us to a dozen species, some already gone, others facing extinction, including the Panamian golden frog, staghorn coral, the great auk, and the Sumatran rhino. Through these stories, Kolbert provides a moving account of the disappearances occurring all around us and traces the evolution of extinction as concept, from its first articulation by Georges Cuvier in revolutionary Paris up through the present day. The sixth extinction is likely to be mankind's most lasting legacy; as Kolbert observes, it compels us to rethink the fundamental question of what it means to be human.

The Great Extinctions

The Great Extinctions
Author: Norman MacLeod
Pages: 208
ISBN: 1770853278
Available:
Release: 2015-01-29
Editor: Firefly Books Limited
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A fascinating history of species extinctions, their causes and the looming "sixth extinction". Explores the history of this search, its subjects, its controversies, its current conclusions, and their implications for our efforts to preserve Earth's biodiversity. It explains what extinction is, what causes it and whether it is preventable, and by comparing past geological extinction events, it aims to predict what will happen in the future--P. [4] of cover.

The Great Extinctions

The Great Extinctions
Author: Norman MacLeod
Pages: 208
ISBN: 1770851879
Available:
Release: 2013
Editor: Firefly Books Limited
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Looks at the history, causes, and controversies surrounding species extinction, discussing whether it can be prevented and how past geological events can be used to predict the future.

Extinction

Extinction
Author: Douglas H. Erwin
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780691165653
Available:
Release: 2015-03-22
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Some 250 million years ago, the earth suffered the greatest biological crisis in its history. Around 95 percent of all living species died out—a global catastrophe far greater than the dinosaurs' demise 185 million years later. How this happened remains a mystery. But there are many competing theories. Some blame huge volcanic eruptions that covered an area as large as the continental United States; others argue for sudden changes in ocean levels and chemistry, including burps of methane gas; and still others cite the impact of an extraterrestrial object, similar to what caused the dinosaurs' extinction. Extinction is a paleontological mystery story. Here, the world's foremost authority on the subject provides a fascinating overview of the evidence for and against a whole host of hypotheses concerning this cataclysmic event that unfolded at the end of the Permian. After setting the scene, Erwin introduces the suite of possible perpetrators and the types of evidence paleontologists seek. He then unveils the actual evidence--moving from China, where much of the best evidence is found; to a look at extinction in the oceans; to the extraordinary fossil animals of the Karoo Desert of South Africa. Erwin reviews the evidence for each of the hypotheses before presenting his own view of what happened. Although full recovery took tens of millions of years, this most massive of mass extinctions was a powerful creative force, setting the stage for the development of the world as we know it today. In a new preface, Douglas Erwin assesses developments in the field since the book's initial publication.

The Great Dinosaur Extinction Controversy

The Great Dinosaur Extinction Controversy
Author: Research Professor and Lecturer Thayer School of Engineering Charles Officer,Charles Officer,Jake Page
Pages: 209
ISBN: UCSD:31822020655742
Available:
Release: 1996-06-30
Editor: Addison Wesley Publishing Company
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Refutes the commonly accepted theory explaining the extinction of the dinosaurs and offers an alternative explanation for the mass extinctions that occurred at the end of the Cretaceous period

The Ends of the World

The Ends of the World
Author: Peter Brannen
Pages: 336
ISBN: 9780062364821
Available:
Release: 2017-06-13
Editor: HarperCollins
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

One of Vox’s Most Important Books of the Decade New York Times Editors' Choice 2017 Forbes Top 10 Best Environment, Climate, and Conservation Book of 2017 As new groundbreaking research suggests that climate change played a major role in the most extreme catastrophes in the planet's history, award-winning science journalist Peter Brannen takes us on a wild ride through the planet's five mass extinctions and, in the process, offers us a glimpse of our increasingly dangerous future Our world has ended five times: it has been broiled, frozen, poison-gassed, smothered, and pelted by asteroids. In The Ends of the World, Peter Brannen dives into deep time, exploring Earth’s past dead ends, and in the process, offers us a glimpse of our possible future. Many scientists now believe that the climate shifts of the twenty-first century have analogs in these five extinctions. Using the visible clues these devastations have left behind in the fossil record, The Ends of the World takes us inside “scenes of the crime,” from South Africa to the New York Palisades, to tell the story of each extinction. Brannen examines the fossil record—which is rife with creatures like dragonflies the size of sea gulls and guillotine-mouthed fish—and introduces us to the researchers on the front lines who, using the forensic tools of modern science, are piecing together what really happened at the crime scenes of the Earth’s biggest whodunits. Part road trip, part history, and part cautionary tale, The Ends of the World takes us on a tour of the ways that our planet has clawed itself back from the grave, and casts our future in a completely new light.

Cataclysms

Cataclysms
Author: Michael R. Rampino
Pages: 224
ISBN: 9780231544870
Available:
Release: 2017-08-22
Editor: Columbia University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In 1980, the science world was stunned when a maverick team of researchers proposed that a massive meteor strike had wiped the dinosaurs and other fauna from the Earth 66 million years ago. Scientists found evidence for this theory in a “crater of doom” on the Yucatán Peninsula, showing that our planet had once been a target in a galactic shooting gallery. In Cataclysms, Michael R. Rampino builds on the latest findings from leading geoscientists to take “neocatastrophism” a step further, toward a richer understanding of the science behind major planetary upheavals and extinction events. Rampino recounts his conversion to the impact hypothesis, describing his visits to meteor-strike sites and his review of the existing geological record. The new geology he outlines explicitly rejects nineteenth-century “uniformitarianism,” which casts planetary change as gradual and driven by processes we can see at work today. Rampino offers a cosmic context for Earth’s geologic evolution, in which cataclysms from above in the form of comet and asteroid impacts and from below in the form of huge outpourings of lava in flood-basalt eruptions have led to severe and even catastrophic changes to the Earth’s surface. This new geology sees Earth’s position in our solar system and galaxy as the keys to understanding our planet’s geology and history of life. Rampino concludes with a controversial consideration of dark matter’s potential as a triggering mechanism, exploring its role in heating Earth’s core and spurring massive volcanism throughout geologic time.

Biological Extinction

Biological Extinction
Author: Partha Dasgupta,Peter Raven,Anna McIvor
Pages: 462
ISBN: 9781108482288
Available:
Release: 2019-09-05
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Questions why species are becoming extinct, and how we can protect the natural world on which we all depend.

The Last Extinction

The Last Extinction
Author: Les Kaufman,Kenneth Mallory
Pages: 242
ISBN: 0262610892
Available:
Release: 1993
Editor: MIT Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An expanded, updated edition of this classic study on biodiversity and species loss.

The End of the Dinosaurs

The End of the Dinosaurs
Author: Charles Frankel
Pages: 223
ISBN: 0521474477
Available:
Release: 1999-09-23
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Investigates the idea that the natural disaster many scientists suspect caused the extinction of the dinosaurs occurred near Puerto Chicxulub, Mexico, when an asteroid collided with Earth, releasing deadly amounts of energy.

250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy

250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy
Author: Christian Koeberl,David M. Bice
Pages: 532
ISBN: 9780813725420
Available:
Release: 2019-11-04
Editor: Geological Society of America
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"The Umbria-Marche Apennines are entirely made of marine sedimentary rocks, representing a continuous record of the geotectonic evolution of an epeiric sea from the Early Triassic to the Pleistocene. The book includes reviews and original research works accomplished with the support of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco"--

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution
Author: National Academy of Sciences
Pages: 432
ISBN: 0309164338
Available:
Release: 2008-12-22
Editor: National Academies Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The current extinction crisis is of human making, and any favorable resolution of that biodiversity crisis--among the most dire in the 4-billion-year history of Earth--will have to be initiated by mankind. Little time remains for the public, corporations, and governments to awaken to the magnitude of what is at stake. This book aims to assist that critical educational mission, synthesizing recent scientific information and ideas about threats to biodiversity in the past, present, and projected future. This is the second volume from the In the Light of Evolution series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, and designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, address some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and foster a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Australia s Mammal Extinctions

Australia s Mammal Extinctions
Author: Chris Johnson
Pages: 278
ISBN: 0521686601
Available:
Release: 2006-11-02
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book introduces readers to the great mammal extinction debate in Australia.

Catastrophes and Earth History

Catastrophes and Earth History
Author: William A. Berggren,John A. Van Couvering
Pages: 478
ISBN: 9781400853281
Available:
Release: 2014-07-14
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book, based on papers from a symposium at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, shows the necessity of developing a new philosophy in place of the classical uniformitarianism based only on processes familiar in human experience. Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Volcanism Impacts and Mass Extinctions Causes and Effects

Volcanism  Impacts  and Mass  Extinctions  Causes and  Effects
Author: Gerta Keller,Andrew C. Kerr
Pages: 455
ISBN: 9780813725055
Available:
Release: 2014-09-16
Editor: Geological Society of America
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"Comprises articles stemming from the March 2013 international conference at London's Natural History Museum. Researchers across geological, geophysical, and biological disciplines present key results from research concerning the causes of mass extinction events"--

Field Notes from a Catastrophe

Field Notes from a Catastrophe
Author: Elizabeth Kolbert
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9781620409893
Available:
Release: 2015-02-03
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A new edition of the book that launched Elizabeth Kolbert's career as an environmental writer-updated with three new chapters, making it, yet again, "irreplaceable" (Boston Globe). Elizabeth Kolbert's environmental classic Field Notes from a Catastrophe first developed out of a groundbreaking, National Magazine Award-winning three-part series in The New Yorker. She expanded it into a still-concise yet richly researched and damning book about climate change: a primer on the greatest challenge facing the world today. But in the years since, the story has continued to develop; the situation has become more dire, even as our understanding grows. Now, Kolbert returns to the defining book of her career. She has added a chapter bringing things up-to-date on the existing text, plus three new chapters--on ocean acidification, the tar sands, and a Danish town that's gone carbon neutral--making it, again, a must-read for our moment.

Extinctions

Extinctions
Author: Josephine Wilson
Pages: 358
ISBN: 9781947793149
Available:
Release: 2018-11-20
Editor: Tin House Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Funny, poignant, and galvanizing by turns, Josephine Wilson’s award-winning novel explores many kinds of extinction—natural, racial, national, and personal—and what we might do to prevent them. Professor Frederick Lothian, retired engineer, has quarantined himself in a place he hates: a retirement village. His headstrong wife Martha, adored by all, is dead. His adopted daughter Caroline has cut ties, and his son Callum is lost to him in his own way. And though Frederick knows, logically, that a structural engineer can devise a bridge for any situation, somehow his own troubled family—fractured by years of secrets and lies—is always just out of his reach. When a series of unfortunate incidents brings him and his spirited next-door neighbor Jan together, Frederick gets a chance to build something new in the life he has left. At the age of 69, he has to confront his most complex emotional relationships and the haunting questions he’s avoided all his life. Unbeknownst to him, Caroline—on her own journey of cultural reckoning—is doing the same. As father and daughter fight in their own ways to save what’s lost, they might finally find a way toward each other. A masterful portrait of a man caught by history, and a sweeping meditation on the meaning of family, love, survival, and identity, Extinctions asks an urgent question: can we find the courage to change?

Lost Feast

Lost Feast
Author: Lenore Newman
Pages: 312
ISBN: 9781773054063
Available:
Release: 2019-10-08
Editor: ECW Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A rollicking exploration of the history and future of our favorite foods When we humans love foods, we love them a lot. In fact, we have often eaten them into extinction, whether it is the megafauna of the Paleolithic world or the passenger pigeon of the last century. In Lost Feast, food expert Lenore Newman sets out to look at the history of the foods we have loved to death and what that means for the culinary paths we choose for the future. Whether it’s chasing down the luscious butter of local Icelandic cattle or looking at the impacts of modern industrialized agriculture on the range of food varieties we can put in our shopping carts, Newman’s bright, intelligent gaze finds insight and humor at every turn. Bracketing the chapters that look at the history of our relationship to specific foods, Lenore enlists her ecologist friend and fellow cook, Dan, in a series of “extinction dinners” designed to recreate meals of the past or to illustrate how we might be eating in the future. Part culinary romp, part environmental wake-up call, Lost Feast makes a critical contribution to our understanding of food security today. You will never look at what’s on your plate in quite the same way again.

Dodging Extinction

Dodging Extinction
Author: Anthony D. Barnosky
Pages: 240
ISBN: 9780520274372
Available:
Release: 2014-10-01
Editor: Univ of California Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Paleobiologist Anthony D. Barnosky weaves together evidence from the deep past and the present to alert us to the looming Sixth Mass Extinction and to offer a practical, hopeful plan for avoiding it. Writing from the front lines of extinction research, Barnosky tells the overarching story of geologic and evolutionary history and how it informs the way humans inhabit, exploit, and impact Earth today. He presents compelling evidence that unless we rethink how we generate the power we use to run our global ecosystem, where we get our food, and how we make our money, we will trigger what would be the sixth great extinction on Earth, with dire consequences. Optimistic that we can change this ominous forecast if we act now, Barnosky provides clear-cut strategies to guide the planet away from global catastrophe. In many instances the necessary technology and know-how already exist and are being applied to crucial issues around human-caused climate change, feeding the worldÕs growing population, and exploiting natural resources. Deeply informed yet accessibly written, Dodging Extinction is nothing short of a guidebook for saving the planet.

The Song Of The Dodo

The Song Of The Dodo
Author: David Quammen
Pages: 704
ISBN: 9781448137404
Available:
Release: 2012-03-31
Editor: Random House
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Why have island ecosystems always suffered such high rates of extinction? In our age, with all the world's landscapes, from Tasmania to the Amazon to Yellowstone, now being carved into island-like fragments by human activity, the implications of this question are more urgent than ever. Over the past eight years, David Quammen has followed the threads of island biogeography on a globe-encircling journey of discovery.