The Battle For China S Spirit
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|Author||: Sarah Cook|
|Editor||: Rowman & Littlefield|
This study is the first comprehensive analysis of its kind. It examines the Communist Party’s evolving religious controls and citizens’ responses to them, focusing on seven religious groups that account for 350 million believers: Chinese Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Tibetan Buddhism, and Falun Gong.
|Author||: Christos Lynteris|
|Editor||: Palgrave Macmillan|
Assuming power in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party was faced with a crucial problem: how to construct the socialist 'New Man'? On the one hand, led by Liu Shaoqi, the proponents of the technocracy advocated self-cultivation. Led by Mao Zedong, their opponents advocated the exact opposite technique: the abolition of the self and the institution of a mass subjectivity. Examining this conflict through the analytical lens of Foucault's 'technologies of the self' and in relation to biopolitics, the book explores how the battle for the self in Maoist China revolved around the interpretation of the 'spirit of selflessness' as embodied by the heroic Canadian doctor, Norman Bethune, who lost his life as a volunteer doctor of the Red Army. The book narrates how, called to embody this selfless spirit, medical doctors were trapped in a spiral between cultivation and abolition, leading to the explosion of ideology during the Cultural Revolution.
|Author||: Hollington K. Tong|
|Editor||: Read Books Ltd|
This classic book was written by Hollington K. Tong whilst China was still in the clutches of war, and contains an affective account of what life was like within the country at that time. Extract : 'The Chinese believe that all things under heaven work together for good. An evil comes but will not long stay. No matter how a story begins, it has a happy ending. During seven years of war, the Chinese have suffered misery. There have been broken homes and broken hearts. There have been separations and dislocations. There have been worries about food and about clothes and about innumerable things. The war years are not the first in which the Chinese have suffered. In their best times, they were afflicted with poverty. The majority of them are poor by birth. On top of poverty there have been floods, droughts, civil wars, each bringing untold suffering. All these calamities soon passed. The Chinese rose after each, not only unbeaten but stronger through the discipline of hardships which, down the centuries, they have learned to endure and overcome. The present war has brought the worst of the worst to the Chinese people. Seven years is the longest that any evil has remained with them, but it has not been long enough to wear out people who, for thousands of years, have suffered hardships and privations, and have survived. This long war will end as all other evils have ended, and there will come a better day. Until it comes, the Chinese have the spirit to smile in the face of hardships and to carry on a spirit which has sustained them through the calamities of the seven years of this war as it sustained them through calamities of the past. It is the spirit of her teeming millions of farmers, from whom most of the five million men of China's army were drawn, and from whose fields comes the food for the army. It is the spirit of her laborers, her mechanics and engineers who have built China's wartime railways, highways, water ways, and other arteries of communication, and who work in China's arsenals to keep the guns supplied with ammunition. It is the spirit of China's women as well as her men. The people of China, despite the stress and strain of war, have carried on. They continue to make love, to get married, to give birth to babies and to support growing families on meager incomes. Seven years is a long time, during which many things can happen and many things have happened to Teng Chan.'
|Author||: Lucian W. Pye|
Lucian Pye, one of the most knowledgeable observers of China, unfolds in this book a deep psychological analysis of Chinese political culture. The dynamics of the Cultural Revolution, the behavior of the Red Guards, and the compulsions of Mao Tse-tung are among the important symptoms examined. But Pye goes behind large events, exploring the more enduring aspects of Chinese culture and the stable elements of the national psychology as they have been manifested in traditional, Republican, and Communist periods. He also scans several possible paths of future development. The emphasis is on the roles long played by authority, order, hierarchy, and emotional quietism in Chinese political culture as shaped by the Confucian tradition and the institution of filial piety, and the resulting confusions brought about by the displacements of these traditions in the face of political change and modernization. In this new edition Pye adds a chapter on the basic tension between consensus and conflict in the operation of Chinese politics, illustrating the "spirit" in action, and another discussing the great gap that persists between the worlds of the political leadership and of society at large in post-Tiananmen China.
|Author||: Ray Wang|
This book examines religious activism—Christianity, Buddhism, and Taoism—in China, a powerful atheist state that provides one of the hardest challenges to existing methods of transnational activism. The author focuses on mechanisms used by three kinds of actors: protesters, advocates and opportunists, and uses regional, inter-faith, and international comparisons to understand why some foreign advocates can enter China and engage in illegal aid and missions to empower local activists, while the same groups cannot conduct the same activities in another geographically, economically and politically similar location. The stories in this book demonstrate a more inclusive and bottom-up approach of transnational activism; they challenge the conventional spiral theory paradigm of human rights literature and the narrow views about GONGOs in civil society literature. This new knowledge helps to sustain a more optimistic view and offers an alternative way of promoting human rights in China and countries with similar authoritarian environments.
|Author||: Lee Trepanier|
|Editor||: Lexington Books|
The rise of Asia in global affairs has forced western thinkers to rethink their assumptions, theories, and conclusions about the region. Eric Voegelin’s Asian Political Thought brings together a mixture of established and rising scholars from both Asia and the West to reflect upon the political philosopher’s thought about China, Japan, Korea, Central Asia, and India. From Voegelin’s writings, readers will not only understand how Voegelin’s approach can illuminate the fundamental principles and issues about Asia but also what are the challenges and possibilities that Asia offers in the twentieth-first century. For those who want to move past the superficial commentary and clichés about Asia, Eric Voegelin’s Asian Political Thought is the book for you.
|Author||: Chih-yu Shih|
This psychological interpretation of Chinese diplomatic history considers both the universal psychocultural processes and the uniqueness of China as a nation. It also attempts to establish some interaction between social science and Sinology, and examines behaviour by Chinese statesmen.
|Author||: Wei Xuan|
The Third World War has come to humankind in the form of COVID-19. This war is not fought between various sectors of human society, but between all of humankind and the coronavirus. Where the virus is, where it comes from, and where it might strike next remains unknown. Even so, we all must fight for ourselves, for our families, and for all the earth's people. Intrepid Guardians - Inside Story of China's Victory Over the Coronavirus presents heroic, heartwarming stories of the work done by China's frontline healthcare workers at the center of the earliest outbreaks of COVID-19. These stories offer insight and encouragement, lifting the spirits of those who continue at the forefront of the fight as the virus rages around the world. Their selflessness in the face of danger points the way, showing us how we may win the war globally, just as China has gained victory over the coronavirus, within its borders. As we come together as a united people across the earth, we are confident we can contain COVID-19 through coordinated efforts and a cooperative spirit, as has been demonstrated by these heroes who have fought the battle from its earliest stages.
|Author||: Melissa Wei-Tsing Inouye|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press, USA|
The True Jesus Church was China's first major native Christian denomination and one of the earliest expressions of the charismatic and Pentecostal tradition that now dominates Chinese Christianity. Founded in 1917, after a silk merchant had a vision of Jesus, the Church was characterized by dramatic healings, exorcisms, tongues-speaking, and a call for a return to authentic Christianity that challenged the Western missionary establishment in China. In this history of the True Jesus Church, Melissa Wei-Tsing Inouye links together key themes from modern Chinese social history to tell the story of how members of the True Jesus Church in China over the past century have sought to muster divine and human resources to transform their world.
|Author||: W. Cole Durham Jr.,Brett G. Scharffs|
|Editor||: Aspen Publishers|
Offering extensive international and comparative law materials, as well as discussion of key United States First Amendment cases, international experts Durham and Scharffs bring vision and scope to the study of Law and Religion. The text and its continually updated online Supplement support courses on Law and Religion, Church and State, International Human Rights, Comparative Constitutional Law, and First Amendment. New to the Second Edition: ¿ National: Recent U.S. court cases and legislative moves dealing with religion in conflict with anti- discrimination norms, including immigration; same-sex marriage; and conscientious objection by religious organizations, government officials, pharmacies, businesses (including “wedding vendors”) to providing products, services, and insurance benefits in violation of religious beliefs ¿ International: Landmark religion cases in Canada, Europe, and Asia involving such issues as women’s rights, law school accreditation, display of religious symbols and wearing of face coverings in public (including schools); persecution of religious minorities, including prosecution for blasphemy; discussion of new levels of and responses to religious extremism ¿ Comparative: Discussions across multiple jurisdictions of such issues as education, tax, government regulation of religion, and women’s issues, such as genital cutting (worldwide, including U.S.) and divorce (“triple talaq” in India, Shari’a arbitration in Canada, and Shari’a councils in the U.K.) Professors and students will benefit from: ¿ Traditional law and religion course coverage of U.S. materials, including the major Free Exercise and Establishment Clause cases ¿ Comparative law cases and materials reflecting more than fifty countries and regions, and which include corporal punishment; compelled patriotic observances; state funding of religions; autonomy of religious organizations to choose personnel and provide services; conscientious objection in the military and in personal, employment, and educational settings; parameters of speech regulation, including hate speech and speech that offends religious sensibilities; anti- conversion laws; the rights of women in tension with religious claims of exclusion and divorce practices; and much more ¿ International law materials, including: o Key international and regional human rights instruments; 87 cases from the European Court of Human Rights; and key decisions of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the United Nations Human Rights Committee o Cases covering issues such as the right to register religious associations; headscarves and face coverings; religious slaughter for kosher and halal foods; exemptions from church taxes; conscientious objection; proselytizing; religious oaths; church autonomy; religious education; and conflicts arising between religious freedom and other human rights (e.g., women's rights, rights of indigenous peoples, sexual minorities, and children's rights) o Responses from inside and outside the Muslim world to the rise of violent Islamist extremism ¿ Islamic, Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and other perspectives on freedom of religion, touching on defamation of religion; the new constitution of Iraq; religious political parties in Turkey; the definition of being Jewish for rights of citizenship in Israel; the right of Muslim and Hindu women to enter sacred space in India; death sentences and extra-judicial lynching for perceived violation of blasphemy laws in Pakistan; and reactions of governments, including the government of Russia, to perceived religious extremism
|Author||: Sarah Biddulph,Joshua Rosenzweig|
|Editor||: Edward Elgar Publishing|
This Handbook gives a wide-ranging account of the theory and practice of human rights in China, viewed against international standards, and China’s international engagements around human rights. The Handbook is organised into the following sections: contested meanings; international dimensions; economic and social rights; civil and political rights; rights in/action and access to justice; political dimensions of human rights in Greater China; and new frontiers.
|Author||: James Griffiths|
|Editor||: Zed Books Ltd.|
‘Readers will come away startled at just how fragile the online infrastructure we all depend on is and how much influence China wields – both technically and politically' – Jason Q. Ng, author of Blocked on Weibo 'An urgent and much needed reminder about how China's quest for cyber sovereignty is undermining global Internet freedom’ – Kristie Lu Stout, CNN ‘An important and incisive history of the Chinese internet that introduces us to the government officials, business leaders, and technology activists struggling over access to information within the Great Firewall’ – Adam M. Segal, author of The Hacked World Order Once little more than a glorified porn filter, China’s ‘Great Firewall’ has evolved into the most sophisticated system of online censorship in the world. As the Chinese internet grows and online businesses thrive, speech is controlled, dissent quashed, and attempts to organise outside the official Communist Party are quickly stamped out. But the effects of the Great Firewall are not confined to China itself. Through years of investigation James Griffiths gained unprecedented access to the Great Firewall and the politicians, tech leaders, dissidents and hackers whose lives revolve around it. As distortion, post-truth and fake news become old news James Griffiths shows just how far the Great Firewall has spread. Now is the time for a radical new vision of online liberty.
|Author||: Kang Ouyang|
characteristics. this="" model="" can="" be="" applied="" to="" many="" countries="" around="" the="" globe.="" additionally,="" author="" points="" out="" that in="" construction="" of="" chinese="" national="" spirit="" it="" is="" also="" important="" consider="" positive="" elements="" from="" different cultures="" in="" other="" nations.divThis book discusses the Chinese nation’s spiritual home in a modern context. It analyzes various aspects of the problem, including background, theory, history, recent advances and solutions, from a global view. In discussing the development of Chinese national spirit, it also refers to western experiences of national culture and national spirit. To build the spiritual home, the traditional culture, values and faith need to be learned, analyzed and adapted to the modern context. Doing so helps to maintain the traditional characteristics while at the same time reinforcing new characteristics. This model can be applied to many countries around the globe. Additionally, the author points out that in the construction of Chinese national spirit it is also important to consider positive elements from different cultures in other nations.br
|Author||: Roger Garside|
"Before the next National Congress of the Communist Party of China, due in November 2022, President Xi Jinping will be removed from office by a coup d'âetat mounted by rivals in the top leadership who will end the tyranny of the one-party dictatorship and launch a transition to democracy and the rule of law. The main body of this book, Part 2, explains why it will happen. Parts 1 and 3 tell how it may happen"--
|Author||: Eugene Bach|
|Editor||: Whitaker House|
In China, an Army Is Rising... For years, China’s population size, economic growth, and thirst for military power have taken center stage by those who study biblical prophecy. Most end-time experts have seen the “Red Dragon” as an aggressor to Israel. In Revelation 16 and 19, John's mention of the armies involved in the final battle marking the end of the world could well depict China’s army today. However, a different kind of army is also rising in China, and it is quickly approaching two hundred million people. This army is for Christ, not against Him. It is a host of Christians from the Chinese underground house church who are fighting a battle against principalities and powers and spreading the gospel in unprecedented ways under intense persecution. These Christians are motivated by a powerful vision called “Back to Jerusalem.” The Chinese church is quietly working to complete the Great Commission by bringing the gospel to unreached peoples in China’s eastern provinces and to all the countries between the border of China and the city of Jerusalem. Yet there’s even more to this fascinating development. What you read in this book may change your view of end-time prophecy. Back to Jerusalem is not just a missions movement of the Chinese church. It is an eschatological event confirmed by both the Old and New Testaments. God is using the Red Dragon to fulfill His ultimate purposes. China and End-Time Prophecy explores the surprising connection between ancient prophecy and China’s modern missions phenomenon. This book will give you a new vision of what it means to go into all the world with the gospel. Most of all, it will show you why the completion of the Great Commission is inevitable and the return of Christ is unstoppable.
|Author||: Stephen Little,Art Institute of Chicago|
|Editor||: University of California Press|
A collection of photographs of strangely shaped stones thought to be infused with spiritual power, accompanied by a discussion of their influence on Chinese religion, art, and culture.
|Author||: Anna Kuteleva|
This book examines the development of bilateral energy relations between China and the two oil-rich countries, Kazakhstan and Russia. Challenging conventional assumptions about energy politics and China’s global quest for oil, this book examines the interplay of politics and sociocultural contexts. It shows how energy resources become ideas and how these ideas are mobilized in the realm of international relations. China’s relations with Kazakhstan and Russia are simultaneously enabled and constrained by the discursive politics of oil. It is argued that to build collaborative and constructive energy relations with China, its partners in Kazakhstan, Russia, and elsewhere must consider not only the material realities of China’s energy industry and the institutional settings of China’s energy policy but also the multiple symbolic meanings that energy resources and, particularly, oil acquire in China. China’s Energy Security and Relations with Petrostates offers a nuanced understanding of China’s bilateral energy relations with Kazakhstan and Russia, raising essential questions about the social logic of international energy politics. It will appeal to students and scholars of international relations, energy security, Chinese and post-Soviet studies, along with researchers working in the fields of energy policy and environmental sustainability.
|Author||: Mobo Gao|
|Editor||: Pluto Press|
Mao and his policies have long been demonized in the West, with the Cultural Revolution considered a fundamental violation of human rights. As China embraces capitalism, the Mao era is being denigrated by the Chinese political and intellectual elite. This book tackles the extremely negative depiction of China under Mao in recent publications and argues that most people in China, including the rural poor and the urban working class, actually benefited from Mao's policies. Under Mao there was a comprehensive welfare system for the urban poor and basic health and education provision in rural areas. These policies are being reversed in the current rush towards capitalism. Offering a critical analysis of mainstream accounts of the Mao era and the Cultural Revolution, this book sets the record straight, making a convincing argument for the positive effects of Mao's policies on the well-being of the Chinese people.