State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 456
ISBN: 0815775725
Available:
Release: 2004-05-13
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The threat of terror, which flares in Africa and Indonesia, has given the problem of failed states an unprecedented immediacy and importance. In the past, failure had a primarily humanitarian dimension, with fewer implications for peace and security. Now nation-states that fail, or may do so, pose dangers to themselves, to their neighbors, and to people around the globe: preventing their failure, and reviving those that do fail, has become a strategic as well as a moral imperative. State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror develops an innovative theory of state failure that classifies and categorizes states along a continuum from weak to failed to collapsed. By understanding the mechanisms and identifying the tell-tale indicators of state failure, it is possible to develop strategies to arrest the fatal slide from weakness to collapse. This state failure paradigm is illustrated through detailed case studies of states that have failed and collapsed (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, the Sudan, Somalia), states that are dangerously weak (Colombia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan), and states that are weak but safe (Fiji, Haiti, Lebanon).

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror

State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 354
ISBN: 0815775741
Available:
Release: 2003-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Since September 11, the threat of terror gives the failed state problem an immediacy and an importance that transcends its previous humanitarian dimension. In the past, failure had fewer implications for peace and security. Now failed states pose dangers to themselves, theirneighbors, and to people around the globe. Preventing nation states from failing, and reviving those that do fail, has become a strategic, as well as moral, imperative.The introduction to this innovative book develops a theory of state failure and suggests how it may guarded against. The subsequent chapters illustrate the state failure paradigm by examining cases of state collapse (Somalia), state failure (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone, and the Sudan), and states at risk for failure (Colombia, Fiji, Haiti, Indonesia, Lebanon, Sri Lanka, and Tajikistan). The last chapters ask when and how weak states succumb to failure, and how that fatal slide can be arrested.Contributors (all of whom have participated in a large Harvard University project on state failure): Oren Barak, Walter Clarke, Nasrin Dadmehr, Marlye Gelin-Adams, Rachel Gisselquist, Robert Gosende, Erin Jennie, Harvey Kline, Stephanie Lawson, Rene Lemarchand, Michael Malley, David Malone, Gerard Prunier, Will Reno, and Robert I. Rotberg.

Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement In Africa

Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement In Africa
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 231
ISBN: 0815718853
Available:
Release: 2010-12-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Edited by World Peace Foundation president Robert I. Rotberg, the chapters in this volume focus on preventing outbreaks of civil war and other vicious internal conflicts in Africa. The contributors review the sorry state of African conflict prevention and weigh the merits of new methods of peace enforcement, including militant early intervention by African crisis response forces to avoid or reduce intrastate mayhem. Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement in Africa assesses the realities and challenges of reducing the frequency of civil warfare in Africa. It features a detailed report of extensive candid discussions of these issues by leading African ministers of defense and chiefs of staff.

A Principled Approach to State Failure

A Principled Approach to State Failure
Author: Chiara Giorgetti
Pages: 198
ISBN: 9789004181274
Available:
Release: 2010
Editor: BRILL
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book is the first legal study of state failure in international law. Dr. Giorgetti specifically analyses health, environmental and human rights emergencies and suggests concrete instruments for international actors facing emergencies in failing states. Her Principles for Action are an important contribution to the development of international law.

When States Fail

When States Fail
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9781400835799
Available:
Release: 2010-07-28
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Since 1990, more than 10 million people have been killed in the civil wars of failed states, and hundreds of millions more have been deprived of fundamental rights. The threat of terrorism has only heightened the problem posed by failed states. When States Fail is the first book to examine how and why states decay and what, if anything, can be done to prevent them from collapsing. It defines and categorizes strong, weak, failing, and collapsed nation-states according to political, social, and economic criteria. And it offers a comprehensive recipe for their reconstruction. The book comprises fourteen essays by leading scholars and practitioners who help structure this disparate field of research, provide useful empirical descriptions, and offer policy recommendations. Robert Rotberg's substantial opening chapter sets out a theory and taxonomy of state failure. It is followed by two sets of chapters, the first on the nature and correlates of failure, the second on methods of preventing state failure and reconstructing those states that do fail. Economic jump-starting, legal refurbishing, elections, the demobilizing of ex-combatants, and civil society are among the many topics discussed. All of the essays are previously unpublished. In addition to Rotberg, the contributors include David Carment, Christopher Clapham, Nat J. Colletta, Jeffrey Herbst, Nelson Kasfir, Michael T. Klare, Markus Kostner, Terrence Lyons, Jens Meierhenrich, Daniel N. Posner, Susan Rose-Ackerman, Donald R. Snodgrass, Nicolas van de Walle, Jennifer A. Widner, and Ingo Wiederhofer.

Corruption Global Security and World Order

Corruption  Global Security  and World Order
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 497
ISBN: 0815703961
Available:
Release: 2009-12-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Never before have world order and global security been threatened by so many destabilizing factors—from the collapse of macroeconomic stability to nuclear proliferation, terrorism, and tyranny. Corruption, Global Security, and World Order reveals corruption to be at the very center of these threats and proposes remedies such as positive leadership, enhanced transparency, tougher punishments, and enforceable sanctions. Although eliminating corruption is difficult, this book's careful prescriptions can reduce and contain threats to global security. Contributors: Matthew Bunn (Harvard University), Erica Chenoweth (Wesleyan University), Sarah Dix (Government of Papua New Guinea), Peter Eigen (Freie Universität, Berlin, and Africa Progress Panel), Kelly M. Greenhill (Tufts University), Charles Griffin (World Bank and Brookings), Ben W. Heineman Jr. (Harvard University), Nathaniel Heller (Global Integrity), Jomo Kwame Sundaram (United Nations), Lucy Koechlin (University of Basel, Switzerland), Johann Graf Lambsdorff (University of Passau, Germany, and Transparency International), Robert Legvold (Columbia University), Emmanuel Pok (National Research Institute, Papua New Guinea), Susan Rose-Ackerma n (Yale University), Magdalena Sepúlveda Carmona (United Nations), Daniel Jordan Smith (Brown University), Rotimi T. Suberu (Bennington College), Jessica C. Teets (Middlebury College), and Laura Underkuffler (Cornell University).

Battling Terrorism in the Horn of Africa

Battling Terrorism in the Horn of Africa
Author: Robert I. Rotberg,World Peace Foundation
Pages: 210
ISBN: 0815775709
Available:
Release: 2005
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"Examines the state of governance in the countries of the greater Horn of Africa region--Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, the Sudan, and Yemen--and discusses strategies to combat the transnational threat of terrorism, including suggestions for more effective U.S. engagement in the region"--Provided by publisher.

The Tragedy of Failure Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees Terrorism and War

The Tragedy of Failure  Evaluating State Failure and Its Impact on the Spread of Refugees  Terrorism  and War
Author: Tiffiany O. Howard
Pages: 156
ISBN: 9780313381218
Available:
Release: 2010-04-21
Editor: ABC-CLIO
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This intriguing approach to international conflict seeks to facilitate a dialogue between academics and policymakers on how to better anticipate and prevent state failure, subsequent forced migration, and the terrorist threat that often results. • Includes case studies of failed and failing states, including Somalia, Pakistan, Colombia, Haiti, and Sudan • Provides maps of Sudan, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, and Somali showing the terrorist cells present in these states • A broad-based bibliography of sources from international conflict studies, refugee and migration, and terrorism studies

State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law

State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law
Author: Mario Silva
Pages: 280
ISBN: 9789004268845
Available:
Release: 2014-02-06
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Through scholarly consideration, State Legitimacy and Failure in International Law evaluates gaps in structural competency that precipitate state failure and examines the resulting consequences for the world community.

Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law

Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law
Author: Armin Von Bogdandy,Rüdiger Wolfrum,Christiane E. Philipp
Pages: 704
ISBN: 9789004145337
Available:
Release: 2005-09
Editor: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This publication constitutes the first scholarly periodical to focus on activities of the United Nations in the field of international law. It recognizes the recent increased impact of the development of the World Organization, its Specialized Agencies and other aspects of the United Nations System, as well as their effect on the shaping of international relations.

Transformations of the State

Transformations of the State
Author: Stephan Leibfried,Michael Zurn,Michael Zürn
Pages: 224
ISBN: 0521672384
Available:
Release: 2005-06-13
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This volume presents an innovative view of the nation-state and its future.

China into Africa

China into Africa
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 339
ISBN: 0815701756
Available:
Release: 2009-10-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Africa has long attracted China. We can date their first certain involvement from the fourteenth century, but East African city-states may have been trading with southern China even earlier. In the mid-twentieth century, Maoist China funded and educated sub-Saharan African anticolonial liberation movements and leaders, and the PRC then assisted new sub-Saharan nations. Africa and China are now immersed in their third and most transformative era of heavy engagement, one that promises to do more for economic growth and poverty alleviation than anything attempted by Western colonialism or international aid programs. Robert Rotberg and his Chinese, African, and other colleagues discuss this important trend and specify its likely implications. Among the specific topics tackled here are China's interest in African oil; military and security relations; the influx and goals of Chinese aid to sub-Saharan Africa; human rights issues; and China's overall strategy in the region. China's insatiable demand for energy and raw materials responds to sub-Saharan Africa's relatively abundant supplies of unprocessed metals, diamonds, and gold, while offering a growing market for Africa's agriculture and light manufactures. As this book illustrates, this evolving symbiosis could be the making of Africa, the poorest and most troubled continent, while it further powers China's expansive economic machine. Contributors include Deborah Brautigam (American University), Harry Broadman (World Bank), Stephen Brown (University of Ottawa), Martyn J. Davies (Stellenbosch University), Joshua Eisenman (UCLA), Chin-Hao Huang (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute), Paul Hubbard (Australian Department of the Treasury),Wenran Jiang (University of Alberta), Darren Kew (University of Massachusetts– Boston), Henry Lee (Harvard University), Li Anshan (Peking University), Ndubisi Obiorah (Centre for Law and Social Action, Nigeria), Stephanie Rupp (National University of Singapore), Dan Shalmon (Georgetown University), David Shinn (GeorgeWashington University), Chandra Lekha Sriram (University of East London), and Yusuf Atang Tanko (University of Massachusetts–Boston)

Mass Atrocity Crimes

Mass Atrocity Crimes
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 255
ISBN: 0815704860
Available:
Release: 2010-09-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

What can be done to combat genocide, ethnic cleansing, and other crimes against humanity? Why aren't current measures more effective? Is there hope for the future? These and other pressing questions surrounding human security are addressed head-on in this provocative and all-too-timely book. Millions of people, particularly in Africa, face daily the prospect of death at the hands of state or state-linked forces. Although officially both the United Nations and the African Union have adopted "Responsibility to Protect" (R2P) principles, atrocities continue. The tenets of R2P, recently cited in a UN Outcomes Document, make it clear that states have a primary responsibility to protect their citizens from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. When states cannot—or will not—protect their citizens, however, the international community must step into the breach. Why have efforts to stop horrific state-sanctioned crimes seen only limited success, despite widespread support of R2P? As this enlightening volume explains and illustrates, converting a norm into effective preventive measures remains difficult. The contributors examine the legal framework to inhibit war crimes, use of the emerging R2P norm, the role of the International Criminal Court, and new technologically sophisticated methods to gather early warnings of likely atrocity outbreaks. Together they show how mass atrocities may be anticipated, how they may be prevented, and when necessary, how they may be prosecuted. Contributors include Claire Applegarth (Harvard Kennedy School), Andrew Block (Harvard Kennedy School), Frank Chalk (Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies, Concordia University), David M. Crane (Syracuse University College of Law), Richard J. Goldstone (Constitutional Court of South Africa; UN International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda), Don Hubert (University of Ottawa; Global Center for the Responsibility to Protect, City University of New York), Sarah Kreps (Cornell University), Dan Kuwali (Malawi Defence Force), Jennifer Leaning (Harvard Francois Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights), Edward C. Luck (Columbia University; International Peace Institute), Sarah Sewall (Harvard Kennedy School)

African Democracy and Development

African Democracy and Development
Author: Cassandra Rachel Veney,Dick W. Simpson
Pages: 306
ISBN: 9780739175491
Available:
Release: 2013
Editor: Rowman & Littlefield
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

"The chapters in this edited volume are the result of a conference held in April 2009 at the University of Illinois at Chicago"--Introduction.

Constitutional Paradigms and the Stability of States

Constitutional Paradigms and the Stability of States
Author: Noel Cox
Pages: 308
ISBN: 9781317161646
Available:
Release: 2016-05-23
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book examines the influence of constitutional legal paradigms upon the political stability and viability of states. It contributes to the literature in the field by focussing on how constitutional flexibility may have led to the rise of 'successful' states and to the decline of 'unsuccessful' states, by promoting stability. Divided into two parts, the book considers theories of the rise and fall of civilizations and individual states, explains the concept of hard and soft constitutions and applies this concept to different types of state models. A series of international case studies in the second part of the book identifies the key dynamics in legal, political and economic history and includes the UK, US, New Zealand and Eastern Europe.

Leashing the Dogs of War

Leashing the Dogs of War
Author: Chester A. Crocker,Fen Osler Hampson,Professor of International Affairs at Norman Paterson School of International Affairs Fen Osler Hampson,Pamela R. Aall
Pages: 726
ISBN: 192922396X
Available:
Release: 2007
Editor: US Institute of Peace Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The definitive volume on the sources of contemporary conflict and the array of possible responses to it.

South Asia s Weak States

South Asia s Weak States
Author: T. V. Paul
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9780804778534
Available:
Release: 2010-08-09
Editor: Stanford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

South Asia, which consists of eight states of different sizes and capabilities, is characterized by high levels of insecurity at the inter-state, intra-state, and human level: insecurity that is manifest in both traditional and non-traditional security problems—especially transnational terrorism fuelled by militant religious ideologies. To explain what has caused and contributed to the perpetual insecurity and human suffering in the region, this book engages scholars of international relations, comparative politics, historical sociology, and economic development, among others, to reveal and analyze the key underlying and proximate drivers. It argues that the problems are driven largely by two critical variables: the presence of weak states and weak cooperative interstate norms. Based on this analysis and the conclusions drawn, the book recommends specific policies for making the region secure and for developing the long lasting inter- and intra-state cooperative mechanisms necessary for the perpetuation of that security.

Troubled Regions and Failing States

Troubled Regions and Failing States
Author: Kristian Berg Harpviken
Pages: 392
ISBN: 9780857241016
Available:
Release: 2010-07-07
Editor: Emerald Group Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Is the phenomenon of state failure better understood through a focus on the regional context? To what extent may studies of regional security benefit from a focus on the capacities and vulnerabilities of the states involved? This title addresses these questions.

Just War Theory and Non State Actors

Just War Theory and Non State Actors
Author: Eric E. Smith
Pages: 226
ISBN: 9781317109839
Available:
Release: 2020-03-20
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book uses an historical body of knowledge, Just War Theory, as the basis for analyzing modern conflicts involving Armed Non-State Actors who employ force against states. As the global community faces the challenges of globalization, terrorism, 24-hour international news coverage, super power collapse, weapons of mass destruction, and failed states, the author explores whether the historic bodies of knowledge governing decision makers during conflict remain relevant. Tracing the evolution of Just War Theory, he analyzes circumstances involving Armed Non-State Actor (ANSA) groups possessing powerful and destructive capabilities and a desire to use them, and pursues answers to the central research question: how does Just War Theory apply in modern scenarios involving ANSA groups who challenge the state and international institution’s monopoly on use of force? The study finds that Just War Theory still has the capacity to accommodate modern day statecraft and application in scenarios involving Armed Non-State Actors. This book will be of great interest to those researching and studying in the fields of political theory, security studies, international relations, war and conflict studies, and public ethics.

Worst of the Worst

Worst of the Worst
Author: Robert I. Rotberg
Pages: 342
ISBN: 9780815775645
Available:
Release: 2008-03-01
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Repressive regimes tyrannize their own citizens and threaten global stability and order. These repositories of evil systematically oppress their own people, deny human rights and civil liberties, severely truncate political freedom, and prevent meaningful individual economic opportunity. Worst of the Worst identifies and characterizes the world's most odious states and singles out which repressors are aggressive and, hence, can truly be called rogues. Previously, determinations have been based on inexact, impressionistic criteria. In this volume, Robert Rotberg and his colleagues define the actions that constitute repression and propose a method of measuring human rights violations. They offer an index of nation-state repressiveness, classifying "gross repressors," "high repressors," and "aggressive repressors" or "rogues" on a ten-point scale. Based on arms and drug trafficking, support of terror, possession of weapons of mass destruction, and crossborder attacks, this valuable diagnostic tool will guide the international community in crafting effective policies to deal with injustice in the developing world. The repressors and rogues profiled include Belarus, Burma, Equatorial Guinea, NorthKorea, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Zimbabwe. W orst of the Worst offers a transparent way to decide which repressive and rogue states are most deserving of strong policy attention. Explicitly measuring and labeling these highly repressive states is the first step toward improving the well-being of millions of the poorest and most abused peoples of the globe. Contributors include Margarita M. Balmaceda (Seton Hall University), Mary Caprioli (University of Minnesota Duluth), Priscilla A. Clapp (Safe Ports, LLC),Yi Feng (Claremont Graduate University), Gregory Gleason (University of New Mexico), John Heilbrunn (Colorado School of Mines), Clement M. Henry (University of Texas at Austin),David W. Lesch (Trinity University), Marcus Noland (Peterson Institute for International Economics and International Food Policy Research Institute), Martha Brill Olcott (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), Saumik Paul (Claremont Graduate University), and Peter F. Trumbore (Oakland University).