Shatterzone of Empires

Shatterzone of Empires
Author: Omer Bartov,Eric D. Weitz
Pages: 528
ISBN: 9780253006318
Available:
Release: 2013
Editor: Indiana University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

From the Baltic to the Black Sea, four major empires with ethnically and religiously diverse populations encountered each other along often changing and contested borders. Examining this geographically vast, multicultural region through a variety of methodological lenses, this volume offers informed and dispassionate analyses of how the many populations of these borderlands managed to coexist in a previous era and why the areas eventually descended into violence. An understanding of this region will help readers grasp the preconditions of interethnic coexistence and the causes of ethnic violence and war in many of the world's other borderlands both past and present.

Shatterzone of Empires

Shatterzone of Empires
Author: Larry Wolfe,Gregor Thum
Pages: 543
ISBN: 9780253006394
Available:
Release: 2013-02-15
Editor: Indiana University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Shatterzone of Empires is a comprehensive analysis of interethnic relations, coexistence, and violence in Europe's eastern borderlands over the past two centuries. In this vast territory, extending from the Baltic to the Black Sea, four major empires with ethnically and religiously diverse populations encountered each other along often changing and contested borders. Examining this geographically widespread, multicultural region at several levelslocal, national, transnational, and empireand through multiple approachessocial, cultural, political, and economicthis volume offers informed and dispassionate analyses of how the many populations of these borderlands managed to coexist in a previous era and how and why the areas eventually descended into violence. An understanding of this specific region will help readers grasp the preconditions of interethnic coexistence and the causes of ethnic violence and war in many of the world's other borderlands both past and present.

Borderlands

Borderlands
Author: Anonim
Pages: 6
ISBN: OCLC:861582245
Available:
Release: 2007
Editor: Unknown
Language: de

Explanation of the Book:

The Making of Empire in Bronze Age Anatolia

The Making of Empire in Bronze Age Anatolia
Author: Claudia Glatz
Pages: 350
ISBN: 9781108491105
Available:
Release: 2020-11-12
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book reconsiders the concept of empire and examines the processes of imperial making and undoing in Hittite Anatolia (c. 1600-1180 BCE).

The Eastern Frontier

The Eastern Frontier
Author: Robert Haug
Pages: 312
ISBN: 9781788317221
Available:
Release: 2019-06-27
Editor: Bloomsbury Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Transoxania, Khurasan, and ?ukharistan – which comprise large parts of today's Central Asia – have long been an important frontier zone. In the late antique and early medieval periods, the region was both an eastern political boundary for Persian and Islamic empires and a cultural border separating communities of sedentary farmers from pastoral-nomads. Given its peripheral location, the history of the 'eastern frontier' in this period has often been shown through the lens of expanding empires. However, in this book, Robert Haug argues for a pre-modern Central Asia with a discrete identity, a region that is not just a transitory space or the far-flung corner of empires, but its own historical entity. From this locally specific perspective, the book takes the reader on a 900-year tour of the area, from Sasanian control, through the Umayyads and Abbasids, to the quasi-independent dynasties of the Tahirids and the Samanids. Drawing on an impressive array of literary, numismatic and archaeological sources, Haug reveals the unique and varied challenges the eastern frontier presented to imperial powers that strove to integrate the area into their greater systems. This is essential reading for all scholars working on early Islamic, Iranian and Central Asian history, as well as those with an interest in the dynamics of frontier regions.

Picturing History at the Ottoman Court

Picturing History at the Ottoman Court
Author: Emine Fetvacı
Pages: 316
ISBN: 9780253006783
Available:
Release: 2013
Editor: Indiana University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Circulation, audience, and the creation of a shared court culture Making books at the Ottoman court Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and the illustrated Ottoman histories Chief Black Eunuch Mehmed Agha: negotiating the sultanic image In the image of a military ruler A Venetian Ottomanized: Chief White Eunuch Gazanfer Agha and his artistic patronage.

Beyond Versailles

Beyond Versailles
Author: Marcus M. Payk,Roberta Pergher
Pages: 258
ISBN: 9780253040930
Available:
Release: 2019-03-29
Editor: Indiana University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Ten essays analyzing the history and effects of the Paris Peace Conference following World War I. The settlement of Versailles was more than a failed peace. What was debated at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919–1920 hugely influenced how nations and empires, sovereignty, and the international order were understood after the Great War?and into the present. Beyond Versailles argues thatthis transformation of ideas was not the work of the treaty makers alone, but emerged in interaction with nationalist groups, anti-colonial movements, and regional elites who took up the rhetoric of Paris and made it their own. In shifting the spotlight from the palace of Versailles to the peripheries of Europe, Beyond Versailles turns to the treaties’ resonance on the ground and shows why the principles of the peace settlement meant different things in different locales. It was in places a long way from Paris?in Polish borderlands and in Portuguese colonies, in contested spaces like Silesia, Teschen, and Danzig, and in states emerging from imperial collapse like Austria, Egypt, and Iran?that notions of nation and sovereignty, legitimacy, and citizenship were negotiated and contested. “This is an excellent collected volume, well-conceived and very well written. . . . This is not at all a top-down history of the diffusion of ideas about national self-determination. Rather, it is an examination of the ways in which these ideas were taken up, re-fashioned, and reasserted at many levels to serve local and regional agendas, while at the same time influencing international debates about the meanings and possible implementations of self-determination.” —Pieter M. Judson, author of The Habsburg Empire: A New History

The Politics of Self Determination

The Politics of Self Determination
Author: Volker Prott
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780191083556
Available:
Release: 2016-09-08
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Politics of Self-Determination examines the territorial restructuring of Europe between 1917 and 1923, when a radically new and highly fragile peace order was established. It opens with an exploration of the peace planning efforts of Great Britain, France, and the United States in the final phase of the First World War. It then provides an in-depth view on the practice of Allied border drawing at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, focussing on a new factor in foreign policymaking-academic experts employed by the three Allied states to aid in peace planning and border drawing. This examination of the international level is juxtaposed with two case studies of disputed regions where the newly drawn borders caused ethnic violence, albeit with different results: the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France in 1918-19, and the Greek-Turkish War between 1919 and 1922. A final chapter investigates the approach of the League of Nations to territorial revisionism and minority rights, thereby assessing the chances and dangers of the Paris peace order over the course of the 1920s and 1930s. Volker Prott argues that at both the international and the local levels, the 'temptation of violence' drove key actors to simplify the acclaimed principle of national self-determination and use ethnic definitions of national identity. While the Allies thus hoped to avoid uncomfortable decisions and painstaking efforts to establish an elusive popular will, local elites, administrations, and paramilitary leaders soon used ethnic notions of identity to mobilise popular support under the guise of international legitimacy. Henceforth, national self-determination ceased to be a tool of peace-making and instead became an ideology of violent resistance.

Shattering Empires

Shattering Empires
Author: Michael A. Reynolds
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781139494120
Available:
Release: 2011-01-27
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The break-up of the Ottoman empire and the disintegration of the Russian empire were watershed events in modern history. The unravelling of these empires was both cause and consequence of World War I and resulted in the deaths of millions. It irrevocably changed the landscape of the Middle East and Eurasia and reverberates to this day in conflicts throughout the Caucasus and Middle East. Shattering Empires draws on extensive research in the Ottoman and Russian archives to tell the story of the rivalry and collapse of two great empires. Overturning accounts that portray their clash as one of conflicting nationalisms, this pioneering study argues that geopolitical competition and the emergence of a new global interstate order provide the key to understanding the course of history in the Ottoman-Russian borderlands in the twentieth century. It will appeal to those interested in Middle Eastern, Russian, and Eurasian history, international relations, ethnic conflict, and World War I.

A World Divided

A World Divided
Author: Eric D. Weitz
Pages: 576
ISBN: 9780691205144
Available:
Release: 2021-06
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A global history of human rights in a world of nations that grant rights to some while denying them to others Once dominated by vast empires, the world is now divided into some 200 independent countries that proclaim human rights—a transformation that suggests that nations and human rights inevitably develop together. But the reality is far more problematic, as Eric Weitz shows in this compelling global history of the fate of human rights in a world of nation-states. Through vivid histories from virtually every continent, A World Divided describes how, since the eighteenth century, nationalists have established states that grant human rights to some people while excluding others, setting the stage for many of today’s problems, from the refugee crisis to right-wing nationalism. Only the advance of international human rights will move us beyond a world divided between those who have rights and those who don't.

Fragmentation in East Central Europe

Fragmentation in East Central Europe
Author: Klaus Richter
Pages: 992
ISBN: 9780198843559
Available:
Release: 2020-04-14
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The First World War led to a radical reshaping of Europe's political borders. Nowhere was this transformation more profound than in East Central Europe, where the collapse of imperial rule led to the emergence of a series of new states. New borders intersected centuries-old networks of commercial, cultural, and social exchange. The new states had to face the challenges posed by territorial fragmentation and at the same time establish durable state structures within an international order that viewed them as, at best, weak, and at worst, as merely provisional entities that would sooner or later be reintegrated into their larger neighbours' territory. Fragmentation in East Central Europe challenges the traditional view that the emergence of these states was the product of a radical rupture that naturally led from defunct empires to nation states. Using the example of Poland and the Baltic States, it retraces the roots of the interwar states of East Central Europe, of their policies, economic developments, and of their conflicts back to the First World War. At the same time, it shows that these states learned to harness the dynamics caused by territorial fragmentation, thus forever changing our understanding of what modern states can do.

Civil War in Central Europe 1918 1921

Civil War in Central Europe  1918 1921
Author: Jochen Böhler
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780192513328
Available:
Release: 2018-11-01
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918. The armistices marked the creation of the Second Polish Republic and the first shot of the Central European Civil War which raged from 1918 to 1921. The fallen German, Russian, and Austrian Empires left in their wake lands with peoples of mixed nationalities and ethnicities. These lands soon became battle grounds and the ethno-political violence that ensued forced those living within them to decide on their national identity. Civil War in Central Europe seeks to challenge previous notions that such conflicts which occurred between the First and Second World Wars were isolated incidents and argues that they should be considered as part of a European war; a war which transformed Poland into a nation.

The Struggle for the Eurasian Borderlands

The Struggle for the Eurasian Borderlands
Author: Alfred J. Rieber
Pages: 652
ISBN: 9781107043091
Available:
Release: 2014-03-20
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Major new account of the Eurasian borderlands as 'shatter zones' which have generated some of the world's most significant conflicts.

Founding Weimar

Founding Weimar
Author: Mark Jones
Pages: 390
ISBN: 9781107115125
Available:
Release: 2016-09-30
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The first study to reveal the key relationship between violence and fears of violence during the German Revolution of 1918-1919.

States of Separation

States of Separation
Author: Laura Robson
Pages: 244
ISBN: 9780520965669
Available:
Release: 2017-04-18
Editor: Univ of California Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Across the Middle East in the post–World War I era, European strategic moves converged with late Ottoman political practice and a newly emboldened Zionist movement to create an unprecedented push to physically divide ethnic and religious minorities from Arab Muslim majorities. States of Separation tells how the interwar Middle East became a site for internationally sanctioned experiments in ethnic separation enacted through violent strategies of population transfer and ethnic partition. During Britain’s and France’s interwar occupation of Iraq, Palestine, and Syria, the British and French mandate governments and the League of Nations undertook a series of varied but linked campaigns of ethnic removal and separation targeting the Armenian, Assyrian, and Jewish communities within these countries. Such schemes served simultaneously as a practical method of controlling colonial subjects and as a rationale for imposing a neo-imperial international governance, with long-standing consequences for the region. Placing the histories of Iraq, Palestine, and Syria within a global context of emerging state systems intent on creating new forms of international authority, in States of Separation Laura Robson sheds new light on the emergence of ethnic separatism in the modern Middle East.

Age of Coexistence

Age of Coexistence
Author: Ussama Makdisi
Pages: 312
ISBN: 9780520971745
Available:
Release: 2019-10-15
Editor: Univ of California Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Today’s headlines paint the Middle East as a collection of war-torn countries and extremist groups consumed by sectarian rage. Ussama Makdisi’s Age of Coexistence reveals a hidden and hopeful story that counters this clichéd portrayal. It shows how a region rich with ethnic and religious diversity created a modern culture of coexistence amid Ottoman reformation, European colonialism, and the emergence of nationalism. Moving from the nineteenth century to the present, this groundbreaking book explores, without denial or equivocation, the politics of pluralism during the Ottoman Empire and in the post-Ottoman Arab world. Rather than judging the Arab world as a place of age-old sectarian animosities, Age of Coexistence describes the forging of a complex system of coexistence, what Makdisi calls the “ecumenical frame.” He argues that new forms of antisectarian politics, and some of the most important examples of Muslim-Christian political collaboration, crystallized to make and define the modern Arab world. Despite massive challenges and setbacks, and despite the persistence of colonialism and authoritarianism, this framework for coexistence has endured for nearly a century. It is a reminder that religious diversity does not automatically lead to sectarianism. Instead, as Makdisi demonstrates, people of different faiths, but not necessarily of different political outlooks, have consistently tried to build modern societies that transcend religious and sectarian differences.

The Art of Not Being Governed

The Art of Not Being Governed
Author: James C. Scott
Pages: 442
ISBN: 9780300156522
Available:
Release: 2009-01-01
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

For two thousand years the disparate groups that now reside in Zomia (a mountainous region the size of Europe that consists of portions of seven Asian countries) have fled the projects of the organized state societies that surround them--slavery, conscription, taxes, corvee labor, epidemics, and warfare. This book, essentially an anarchist history, is the first-ever examination of the huge literature on state-making whose author evaluates why people would deliberately and reactively remain stateless. Among the strategies employed by the people of Zomia to remain stateless are physical dispersion in rugged terrain; agricultural practices that enhance mobility; pliable ethnic identities; devotion to prophetic, millenarian leaders; and maintenance of a largely oral culture that allows them to reinvent their histories and genealogies as they move between and around states. In accessible language, James Scott, recognized worldwide as an eminent authority in Southeast Asian, peasant, and agrarian studies, tells the story of the peoples of Zomia and their unlikely odyssey in search of self-determination. He redefines our views on Asian politics, history, demographics, and even our fundamental ideas about what constitutes civilization, and challenges us with a radically different approach to history that presents events from the perspective of stateless peoples and redefines state-making as a form of internal colonialism. This new perspective requires a radical reevaluation of the civilizational narratives of the lowland states. Scott's work on Zomia represents a new way to think of area studies that will be applicable to other runaway, fugitive, and marooned communities, be they Gypsies, Cossacks, tribes fleeing slave raiders, Marsh Arabs, or San-Bushmen.

The Vanquished

The Vanquished
Author: Robert Gerwarth
Pages: 464
ISBN: 9780374710682
Available:
Release: 2016-11-15
Editor: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2016 An epic, groundbreaking account of the ethnic and state violence that followed the end of World War I—conflicts that would shape the course of the twentieth century For the Western Allies, November 11, 1918, has always been a solemn date—the end of fighting that had destroyed a generation, but also a vindication of a terrible sacrifice with the total collapse of the principal enemies: the German Empire, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. But for much of the rest of Europe this was a day with no meaning, as a continuing, nightmarish series of conflicts engulfed country after country. In The Vanquished, a highly original and gripping work of history, Robert Gerwarth asks us to think again about the true legacy of the First World War. In large part it was not the fighting on the Western Front that proved so ruinous to Europe’s future, but the devastating aftermath, as countries on both sides of the original conflict were savaged by revolutions, pogroms, mass expulsions, and further major military clashes. In the years immediately after the armistice, millions would die across central, eastern, and southeastern Europe before the Soviet Union and a series of rickety and exhausted small new states would come into being. It was here, in the ruins of Europe, that extreme ideologies such as fascism would take shape and ultimately emerge triumphant. As absorbing in its drama as it is unsettling in its analysis, The Vanquished is destined to transform our understanding of not just the First World War but the twentieth century as a whole.

Global Crisis

Global Crisis
Author: Geoffrey Parker
Pages: 643
ISBN: 9780300219364
Available:
Release: 2017-06-02
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Crisis of the Aristocracy -- Education and Revolution -- The Contentious Clergy -- 'Dirty People of No Name' -- Justifying Disobedience -- chapter nineteen 'People of Heterodox Beliefs . . . Who Will Join Up with Anyone Who Calls Them': Disseminating Revolution1 -- 'Contagious Diseases' and Composite States -- The Connectors -- Exporting Revolution -- A Public Sphere in the West? -- A Public Sphere in China? -- A Public Sphere Elsewhere? -- The Rule of the Few -- PART V BEYOND THE CRISIS1 -- chapter twenty Escaping the Crisis -- Getting Away From It All -- Keeping Score -- The Psychoactive Revolution -- Peace Breaks Out -- No More Wars -- chapter twenty-one Warfare State or Welfare State? -- The Phoenix Effect -- Be Fruitful and Multiply -- A Second Agricultural Revolution -- The Consumer Revolution -- 'Seeing Like a State' -- The Containment of Disease -- Nourishing the People -- Creative Destruction -- Non-Creative Destruction -- chapter twenty-two The Great Divergence -- Educate and Punish -- The Crisis of the Universities -- The New Learning -- The Thought Police -- Singletons and Multiples -- The Limits of the Scientific Revolution -- Conclusion: The Crisis Anatomized -- Winners and Losers -- In Search of Common Denominators -- If -- The Two Worlds of Robinson Crusoe -- Epilogue: 'It's the Climate, Stupid'1 -- 'Darkness' by Lord Byron36 -- Chronology -- Acknowledgements -- Conventions -- Note on Sources -- Abbreviations Used in the Bibliography and Notes -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index

Imperial Germany and the Great War 1914 1918

Imperial Germany and the Great War  1914   1918
Author: Roger Chickering
Pages: 286
ISBN: 9781107037687
Available:
Release: 2014-07-10
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book represents the most comprehensive history of Germany during the First World War.