Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory
Author: Donald Green,Ian Shapiro
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780300187083
Available:
Release: 1994-09-28
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This is the first comprehensive critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. Writing in an accessible and nontechnical style, Donald P. Green and Ian Shapiro assess rational choice theory where it is reputed to be most successful: the study of collective action, the behavior of political parties and politicians, and such phenomena as voting cycles and Prisoner's Dilemmas. In their hard-hitting critique, Green and Shapiro demonstrate that the much heralded achievements of rational choice theory are in fact deeply suspect and that fundamental rethinking is needed if rational choice theorists are to contribute to the understanding of politics. In their final chapters, they anticipate and respond to a variety of possible rational choice responses to their arguments, thereby initiating a dialogue that is bound to continue for some time.

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory
Author: Donald Green,Ian Shapiro
Pages: 239
ISBN: 0300066368
Available:
Release: 1994-01-01
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A critical evaluation of the use of rational choice theory in political science. In this text, the authors assess this theory where it is believed to be most useful: the study of collective action, the behaviour of political parties, and phenomena such as voting cycles and prisoners' dilemmas.

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory
Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro
Pages: 239
ISBN: 0300059140
Available:
Release: 1994
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This is the first comprehensive critical evaluation of the use of rational choice explanations in political science. Writing in an accessible and nontechnical style, Donald P. Green and Ian Shapiro assess rational choice theory where it is reputed to be most successful: the study of collective action, the behavior of political parties and politicians, and such phenomena as voting cycles and Prisoner's Dilemmas. In their hard-hitting critique, Green and Shapiro demonstrate that the much-heralded achievements of rational choice theory are in fact deeply suspect and that fundamental rethinking is needed if rational choice theorists are to contribute to the understanding of politics. Green and Shapiro show that empirical tests of rational choice theories are marred by a series of methodological defects. These defects flow from the characteristic rational choice impulse to defend universal theories of politics. As a result, many tests are so poorly conducted as to be irrelevant to evaluating rational choice models. Tests that are properly conducted either tend to undermine rational choice theories or to lend support for propositions that are banal. Green and Shapiro offer numerous suggestions as to how rational choice propositions might be reformulated as parts of testable hypotheses for the study of politics. In a final chapter they anticipate and respond to a variety of rational choice counterarguments, thereby initiating a dialogue that is bound to continue for some time.

PATHOLOGIES OF RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY

PATHOLOGIES OF RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY
Author: Anonim
Pages: 329
ISBN: OCLC:184813355
Available:
Release: 2003
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Rational Choice Controversy

The Rational Choice Controversy
Author: Jeffrey Friedman
Pages: 307
ISBN: 0300068212
Available:
Release: 1996-01-01
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory, a book written by Donald Green and Ian Shapiro and published in 1994, excited much controversy among political scientists and promoted a dialogue among them that was printed in a double issue of the journal Critical Review in 1995. This new book reproduces thirteen essays from the journal written by senior scholars in the field, along with an introduction by the editor of the journal, Jeffrey Friedman, and a rejoinder to the essays by Green and Shapiro. The scholars--who include John Ferejohn, Morris P. Fiorina, Stanley Kelley, Jr., Robert E. Lane, Peter C. Ordeshook, Norman Schofield, and Kenneth A. Shepsle--criticize, agree with, or build on the issues raised by Green and Shapiro s critique. Together the essays provide an interesting and accessible way of focusing on competing approaches to the study of politics and the social sciences.

The Flight from Reality in the Human Sciences

The Flight from Reality in the Human Sciences
Author: Ian Shapiro
Pages: 232
ISBN: 9781400826902
Available:
Release: 2009-02-09
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In this captivating yet troubling book, Ian Shapiro offers a searing indictment of many influential practices in the social sciences and humanities today. Perhaps best known for his critique of rational choice theory, Shapiro expands his purview here. In discipline after discipline, he argues, scholars have fallen prey to inward-looking myopia that results from--and perpetuates--a flight from reality. In the method-driven academic culture we inhabit, argues Shapiro, researchers too often make display and refinement of their techniques the principal scholarly activity. The result is that they lose sight of the objects of their study. Pet theories and methodological blinders lead unwelcome facts to be ignored, sometimes not even perceived. The targets of Shapiro's critique include the law and economics movement, overzealous formal and statistical modeling, various reductive theories of human behavior, misguided conceptual analysis in political theory, and the Cambridge school of intellectual history. As an alternative to all of these, Shapiro makes a compelling case for problem-driven social research, rooted in a realist philosophy of science and an antireductionist view of social explanation. In the lucid--if biting--prose for which Shapiro is renowned, he explains why this requires greater critical attention to how problems are specified than is usually undertaken. He illustrates what is at stake for the study of power, democracy, law, and ideology, as well as in normative debates over rights, justice, freedom, virtue, and community. Shapiro answers many critics of his views along the way, securing his position as one of the distinctive social and political theorists of our time.

Grand Theories and Ideologies in the Social Sciences

Grand Theories and Ideologies in the Social Sciences
Author: H. Wiarda
Pages: 266
ISBN: 9780230112612
Available:
Release: 2010-09-13
Editor: Springer
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book analyzes the main competing grand theories in the social sciences, including developmentalism, dependency analysis, Marxism, institutionalism, rational choice, Freudianism, environmentalism, sociobiology, neurosciences, and transitions to democracy.

Choice Preferences and Procedures

Choice  Preferences  and Procedures
Author: Kotaro Suzumura
Pages: 816
ISBN: 9780674727441
Available:
Release: 2016-06-06
Editor: Harvard University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Social choice theory critically assesses and rationally designs economic mechanisms for improving human well-being. Kotaro Suzumura—one of the world’s foremost thinkers in social choice theory and welfare economics—fuses abstract ideas with real-world economies to examine foundational issues of normative economics and collective decision making.

Political Criticism

Political Criticism
Author: Ian Shapiro
Pages: 338
ISBN: 9780520080324
Available:
Release: 1992-09-30
Editor: Univ of California Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Since the 1960s a resurgence of interest in the moral foundations of politics has fueled debates about the appropriate sources of our political judgments. Ian Shapiro analyzes and advances these debates, discussing them in an accessibly style. He defends a view of politics called critical naturalism as a third way between the neo-Kantian theory of John Rawl's and the contextual arguments of Richard Rorty, Michael Walzer, Alasdair MacIntyre and others. He formulates a new justification for democratic politics and an innovative account of the nature of political argument.

Politics from Anarchy to Democracy

Politics from Anarchy to Democracy
Author: Irwin Lester Morris,Joe A. Oppenheimer,Karol Edward So?tan
Pages: 245
ISBN: 0804745846
Available:
Release: 2004
Editor: Stanford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Although the study of politics dates to ancient Greece, the basic questions that interested those earliest political scientists still linger with us today: What are the origins of government? What should government do? What conditions foster effective governance? Rational choice theory offers a new means for developing correctable answers to these questions. This volume illustrates the promise of rational choice theory and demonstrates how theory can help us develop interesting, fresh conclusions about the fundamental processes of politics. Each of the book’s three sections begins with a pedagogical overview that is accessible to those with little knowledge of rational choice theory. The first group of essays then discusses various ways in which rational choice contributes to our understanding of the foundations of government. The second set focuses on the contributions of rational choice theory to institutional analysis. The final group demonstrates ways in which rational choice theory helps to understand the character of popular government.

Choosing an Identity

Choosing an Identity
Author: Sun-Ki Chai
Pages: 344
ISBN: 0472107011
Available:
Release: 2001-08-30
Editor: University of Michigan Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

DIVChallenges the conventional rational choice approaches with one that allows for cultural diversity and change /div

2010 Whitney Biennial

2010 Whitney Biennial
Author: Whitney Biennial (2010 : New York),Beth A. Huseman,Whitney Museum of American Art (New York)
Pages: 256
ISBN: 0300146426
Available:
Release: 2010
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Since its inauguration in 1932, the Whitney Biennial has fostered contemporary artistic innovation and diversity, becoming a highly anticipated event in the art world. The 2010 Biennial is curated by Francesco Bonami and Gary Carrion-Murayari and features works by approximately 55 artists working in a variety of media and practices. Uniquely, this catalogue serves as both a handsome accompaniment to the 2010 exhibition and an insightful exploration of the significance of this acclaimed and often controversial event throughout its history. In addition to presenting full-colour reproductions of the selected artists' recent work, the curators have prepared a joint essay on the 2010 exhibition, and a group of writers contributed brief entries on the represented artists' techniques, influences and recent work. Exhibition: Whitney Museum of American Art, 25 February - 30 May 2010.

The Moral Foundations of Politics

The Moral Foundations of Politics
Author: Ian Shapiro
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9780300189759
Available:
Release: 2012-10-30
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

When do governments merit our allegiance, and when should they be denied it? Ian Shapiro explores this most enduring of political dilemmas in this innovative and engaging book. Building on his highly popular Yale courses, Professor Shapiro evaluates the main contending accounts of the sources of political legitimacy. Starting with theorists of the Enlightenment, he examines the arguments put forward by utilitarians, Marxists, and theorists of the social contract. Next he turns to the anti-Enlightenment tradition that stretches from Edmund Burke to contemporary post-modernists. In the last part of the book Shapiro examines partisans and critics of democracy from Plato’s time until our own. He concludes with an assessment of democracy’s strengths and limitations as the font of political legitimacy. The book offers a lucid and accessible introduction to urgent ongoing conversations about the sources of political allegiance.

Democratic Justice

Democratic Justice
Author: Ian Shapiro
Pages: 333
ISBN: 0300089082
Available:
Release: 1999-01-01
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Democracy and justice are often mutually antagonistic ideas, but in this innovative book Ian Shapiro shows how and why they should be pursued together. Justice must be sought democratically if it is to garner legitimacy in the modern world, he claims, and democracy must be justice-promoting if it is to sustain allegiance over time. Democratic Justice meets these criteria, offering an attractive vision of a practical path to a better future. Wherever power is exercised in human affairs, Shapiro argues, the lack of democracy will be experienced as injustice. The challenge is to democratize social relations so as to diminish injustice, but to do this in ways that are compatible with people's values and goals. Shapiro shows how this can be done in different phases of the human life cycle, from childhood through the adult worlds of work and domestic life, retirement, old age, and approaching death. He spells out the implications for pressing debates about authority over children, the law of marriage and divorce, population control, governing the firm, basic income guarantees, health insurance, retirement policies, and decisions made by and for the infirm elderly. This refreshing encounter between political philosophy and practical politics will interest all those who aspire to bequeath a more just world to our children than the one we have inherited.

Rational Choice

Rational Choice
Author: Andrew Hindmoor,Brad Taylor
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9781137427441
Available:
Release: 2015-07-30
Editor: Palgrave
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Assuming no prior knowledge, this widely-used and critically-acclaimed text provides a clear introduction to, and uniquely fair-minded assessment of, Rational Choice approaches. The substantially revised, updated and extended new edition includes more substantial coverage of game theory, collective action, 'revisionist' public choice, and the use of rational choice in International Relations.

Rational Choice Theory

Rational Choice Theory
Author: Margaret S. Archer,Jonathan Q. Tritter
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9781134546527
Available:
Release: 2013-04-03
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Rational Choice Theory is flourishing in sociology and is increasingly influential in other disciplines. Contributors to this volume are convinced that it provides an inadequate conceptualization of all aspects of decision making: of the individuals who make the decisions, of the process by which decisions get made and of the context within which decisions get made. The ciritique focuses on the four assumptions which are the bedrock of rational choice: rationality: the theory's definition of rationality is incomplete, and cannot satisfactorily incorporate norms and emotions individualism: rational choice is based upon atomistic, individual decision makers and cannot account for decisions made by ;couples', 'groups' or other forms of collective action process: the assumption of fixed, well-ordered preferences and 'perfect information' makes the theory inadequate for situations of change and uncertainty aggregation: as methodological individualists, rational choice theorists can only view structure and culture as aggregates and cannot incorporate structural or cultural influences as emergent properties which have an effect upon decision making. The critique is grounded in discussion of a wide range of social issues, including race, marriage, health and education.

Methods in Analytical Political Theory

Methods in Analytical Political Theory
Author: Adrian Blau
Pages: 344
ISBN: 9781107098794
Available:
Release: 2017-05-18
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A guide to methods in analytical political theory, offering concrete advice and clear examples of good and bad practice.

Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics

Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics
Author: Sterling Professor of Political Science and Henry R Luce Director of the MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies Ian Shapiro,Ian Shapiro,Rogers M. Smith,Tarek E. Masoud,Assistant Professor of Public Policy Tarek E Masoud
Pages: 419
ISBN: 0521539439
Available:
Release: 2004-09-09
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The study of politics seems endlessly beset by debates about method. At the core of these debates is a single unifying concern: should political scientists view themselves primarily as scientists, developing ever more sophisticated tools and studying only those phenomena to which such tools may fruitfully be applied? Or should they instead try to illuminate the large, complicated, untidy problems thrown up in the world, even if the chance to offer definitive explanations is low? Is there necessarily a tension between these two endeavours? Are some domains of political inquiry more amenable to the building up of reliable, scientific knowledge than others, and if so, how should we deploy our efforts? In this book, some of the world s most prominent students of politics offer original discussions of these pressing questions, eschewing narrow methodological diatribes to explore what political science is and how political scientists should aspire to do their work.

Rational Choice and Security Studies

Rational Choice and Security Studies
Author: Michael E. Brown,Owen R. Cote, Jr.,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller
Pages: 144
ISBN: 0262265257
Available:
Release: 2000-07-18
Editor: MIT Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied to international security studies. Formal theories and rational choice methods have become increasingly prominent in most social sciences in the past few decades. Proponents of formal theoretical approaches argue that these methods are more scientific and sophisticated than other approaches, and that formal methods have already generated significant theoretical progress. As more and more social scientists adopt formal theoretical approaches, critics have argued that these methods are flawed and that they should not become dominant in most social-science disciplines. Rational Choice and Security Studies presents opposing views on the merits of formal rational choice approaches as they have been applied in the subfield of international security studies. This volume includes Stephen Walt's article "Rigor or Rigor Mortis? Rational Choice and Security Studies," critical replies from prominent political scientists, and Walt's rejoinder to his critics. Walt argues that formal approaches have not led to creative new theoretical explanations, that they lack empirical support, and that they have contributed little to the analysis of important contemporary security problems. In their replies, proponents of rational choice approaches emphasize that formal methods are essential for achieving theoretical consistency and precision.

Selected Writings of Thomas Paine

Selected Writings of Thomas Paine
Author: Thomas Paine
Pages: 720
ISBN: 9780300210699
Available:
Release: 2014-11-25
Editor: Yale University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A central figure in Western history and American political thought, Thomas Paine continues to provoke debate among politicians, activists, and scholars. People of all ideological stripes are inspired by his trenchant defense of the rights and good sense of ordinary individuals, and his penetrating critiques of arbitrary power. This volume contains Paine’s explosive Common Sense in its entirety, including the oft-ignored Appendix, as well as selections from his other major writings: The American Crisis, Rights of Man, and The Age of Reason. It also contains several of Paine’s shorter essays. All the documents have been transcribed directly from the originals, making this edition the most reliable one available. Essays by Ian Shapiro, Jonathan Clark, Jane Calvert, and Eileen Hunt Botting bring Paine into sharp focus, illuminating his place in the tumultuous decades surrounding the American and French Revolutions and his larger historical legacy.