Memoirs Of The American Anthropological Association Vol 6 Classic Reprint
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Excerpt from Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association, Vol. 6 The subject of wampum has been given considerable attention by ethnologists and historians at large, but as yet there remain unanswered several of the most important questions concerning its original manufacture, its geographical provenience during different periods, and the functions it served in particular regions and historical epochs. The gathering incubus of evidence seems to promise no immediate cessation of increase, for every year or so sees the publication of another paper or two attempting to prove either that the Indians could or could not make the so-called council wampum or tubular beads before they obtained metal tools from Europeans. Its beginning has been variously accredited to the Iroquois, the New England Algonkian, and the Dutch by different recent authors more or less seriously, while early authors too seem to have promulgated different opinions on the same point. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
|Editor||: U of Nebraska Press|
The Indian Man examines the life of James Mooney (1861?1921), the son of poor Irish immigrants who became a champion of Native peoples and one of the most influential anthropology fieldworkers of all time. As a staff member of the Smithsonian Institution for over three decades, Mooney conducted fieldwork and gathered invaluable information on rapidly changing Native American cultures across the continent. His fieldwork among the Eastern Cherokees, Cheyennes, and Kiowas provides priceless snapshots of their traditional ways of life, and his sophisticated and sympathetic analysis of the 1890 Ghost Dance and the consequent tragedy at Wounded Knee has not been surpassed a century later.
|Author||: Shepard Krech|
|Editor||: University of Georgia Press|
Before the massive environmental change wrought by the European colonization of the South, hundreds of species of birds filled the region's flyways in immeasurable numbers. Before disease, war, and displacement altered the South's earliest human landscape, Native Americans hunted and ate birds and made tools and weapons from their beaks, bones, and talons. More significant to Shepard Krech III, Indians adorned themselves with feathers, invoked avian powers in ceremonies and dances, and incorporated bird imagery on pottery, carvings, and jewelry. Krech, a renowned authority on Native American interactions with nature, reveals as never before the omnipresence of birds in Native American life. From the time of the earliest known renderings of winged creatures in stone and earthworks through the nineteenth century, when Native southerners took part in decimating bird species with highly valued, fashionable plumage, Spirits of the Air examines the complex and changeable influences of birds on the Native American worldview. We learn of birds for which places and people were named; birds common in iconography and oral traditions; birds important in ritual and healing; and birds feared for their links to witches and other malevolent forces. Still other birds had no meaning for Native Americans. Krech shows us these invisible animals too, enriching our understanding of both the Indian-bird dynamic and the incredible diversity of winged life once found in the South. A crowning work drawing on Krech's distinguished career in anthropology and natural history, Spirits of the Air recovers vanished worlds and shows us our own anew.
|Author||: Katherine A. Spielmann|
|Editor||: Arizona State University Press|
|Author||: James W. VanStone,Field Museum of Natural History|
The collections of the Field Museum of Natural History contain 128 ethnographic objects collected among the Deg Hit'an (Ingalik) Indians at Anvik, Alaska, in 1890-1892. Marcus O. Cherry assembled the collection for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. The artifacts in this collection are described and illustrated. For comparative purposes, information is included from a previous study of Deg Hit'an material culture by Cornelius Osgood (1940) and from other relevant sources.
|Author||: Joseph Nicolar|
|Editor||: Duke University Press|
Joseph Nicolar’s The Life and Traditions of the Red Man tells the story of his people from the first moments of creation to the earliest arrivals and eventual settlement of Europeans. Self-published by Nicolar in 1893, this is one of the few sustained narratives in English composed by a member of an Eastern Algonquian-speaking people during the nineteenth century. At a time when Native Americans’ ability to exist as Natives was imperiled, Nicolar wrote his book in an urgent effort to pass on Penobscot cultural heritage to subsequent generations of the tribe and to reclaim Native Americans’ right to self-representation. This extraordinary work weaves together stories of Penobscot history, precontact material culture, feats of shamanism, and ancient prophecies about the coming of the white man. An elder of the Penobscot Nation in Maine and the grandson of the Penobscots’ most famous shaman-leader, Old John Neptune, Nicolar brought to his task a wealth of traditional knowledge. The Life and Traditions of the Red Man has not been widely available until now, largely because Nicolar passed away just a few months after the printing of the book was completed, and shortly afterwards most of the few hundred copies that had been printed were lost in a fire. This new edition has been prepared with the assistance of Nicolar’s descendants and members of the Penobscot Nation. It includes a summary history of the tribe; an introduction that illuminates the book’s narrative strategies, the aims of its author, and its key themes; and annotations providing historical context and explaining unfamiliar words and phrases. The book also contains a preface by Nicolar’s grandson, Charles Norman Shay, and an afterword by Bonnie D. Newsom, former Director of the Penobscot Nation’s Department of Cultural and Historic Preservation. The Life and Traditions of the Red Man is a remarkable narrative of Native American culture, spirituality, and literary daring.
|Author||: Smithsonian Institution Staff,Smithsonian Institution|
|Editor||: Smithsonian Institution|
Encyclopedic summary of prehistory, history, cultures and political and social aspects of native peoples in Siberia, Alaska, the Canadian Arctic and Greenland.
|Author||: Richard Michael Stewart|
|Editor||: Kendall Hunt|
From preface: This book introduces field methods and the decision-making process with simple language. It provides a basis for understanding the links between the nature of archaeological evidence and the recognition of that evidence in the field, and the techniques involved in the search for, and recovery of, archaeological evidence in context.
|Author||: Robert L. Hall|
|Editor||: University of Illinois Press|
The richness and the range of Native American spirituality has long been noted, but it has never been examined so thoroughly, nor with such an eye for the amazing interconnectedness of Indian tribal ceremonies and practices, as in An Archaeology of the Soul. In this monumental work, destined to become a classic in its field, Robert Hall traces the genetic and historical relationships of the tribes of the Midwest and Plains--including roots that extend back as far as 3,000 years. Looking beyond regional barriers, An Archaeology of the Soul offers new depths of insight into American Indian ethnography. Hall uncovers the lineage and kinship shared by Native North Americans through the perspectives of history, archaeology, archaeoastronomy, biological anthropology, linguistics, and mythology. The wholeness and panoramic complexity of American Indian belief has never been so fully explored--or more deeply understood.
|Author||: Linda S. Cordell|