Drug War Pathologies
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|Author||: Horace A. Bartilow|
|Editor||: UNC Press Books|
In this book, Horace Bartilow develops a theory of embedded corporatism to explain the U.S. government's war on drugs. Stemming from President Richard Nixon's 1971 call for an international approach to this "war," U.S. drug enforcement policy has persisted with few changes to the present day, despite widespread criticism of its effectiveness and of its unequal effects on hundreds of millions of people across the Americas. While researchers consistently emphasize the role of race in U.S. drug enforcement, Bartilow's empirical analysis highlights the class dimension of the drug war and the immense power that American corporations wield within the regime. Drawing on qualitative case study methods, declassified U.S. government documents, and advanced econometric estimators that analyze cross-national data, Bartilow demonstrates how corporate power is projected and embedded—in lobbying, financing of federal elections, funding of policy think tanks, and interlocks with the federal government and the military. Embedded corporatism, he explains, creates the conditions by which interests of state and nonstate members of the regime converge to promote capital accumulation. The subsequent human rights repression, illiberal democratic governments, antiworker practices, and widening income inequality throughout the Americas, Bartilow argues, are the pathological policy outcomes of embedded corporatism in drug enforcement.
|Author||: Paul Farmer,Martha Sen|
|Editor||: Univ of California Press|
"Pathologies of Power" uses harrowing stories of life and death to argue thatthe promotion of social and economic rights of the poor is the most importanthuman rights struggle of our times.
|Author||: Dirk Chase Eldredge|
|Editor||: Rowman & Littlefield|
The author, a conservative Republican, examines why America is losing the war on drugs-and makes a case for controlled legalization.
|Author||: Randolph B. Persaud,Narendran Kumarakulasingam|
Violence and the Third World in International Relations is intended as a contribution to the decolonization of international relations, and especially of international security studies, much of which is dominated by a self-sustaining Eurocentrism. Rather than focusing on the motivations of violence, this volume is concerned with the devastating and debilitating consequences of war against the Third World. Contributors delve into the violent structuring of Third World societies during colonialism, the Cold War, and globalization. A wide range of topics are systematically examined, including, but not restricted to, the role of racism in the construction of the international system; evangelical universalism and colonial conquest in Africa; American civilizational security as Grand Strategy in Asia; the colonial roots of guerrilla war in India; the widespread suffering and death inflicted on Iraqis through sanctions; violence against indigenous peoples in Colombia related to ‘war capitalism’; the complicated legacies of genocide in Cambodia; the Saudi-led, (US and UK backed) war against Yemen; the relationalities between violence in the US and the Third World during Obama’s presidency; the structural location of gang violence in Central America in the aftermath of foreign intervention; and a broader understanding of security and insecurity in the Caribbean. Violence and the Third World in International Relations will be of particular interest to scholars of postcolonial and decolonial international relations, international security studies, and race and international relations. This book was originally published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.
|Author||: Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats|
|Editor||: National Academies Press|
Globalization is by no means a new phenomenon; transcontinental trade and the movement of people date back at least 2,000 years, to the era of the ancient Silk Road trade route. The global spread of infectious disease has followed a parallel course. Indeed, the emergence and spread of infectious disease are, in a sense, the epitome of globalization. Although some experts mark the fall of the Berlin Wall as the beginning of this new era of globalization, others argue that it is not so new. The future of globalization is still in the making. Despite the successful attempts of the developed world during the course of the last century to control many infectious diseases and even to eradicate some deadly afflictions, 13 million people worldwide still die from such diseases every year. On April 16 and 17, 2002, the Forum on Emerging Infections held a working group discussion on the influence of globalization on the emergence and control of infectious diseases. The contents of the unattributed sections are based on the presentations and discussions that took place during the workshop. The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control report summarizes the presentations and discussions related to the increasing cross-border and cross-continental movements of people and how this could exacerbate the emergence and global spread of infectious diseases. This report also summarizes the means by which sovereign states and nations must adopt a global public health mind-set and develop a new organizational framework to maximize the opportunities and overcome the challenges created by globalization and build the necessary capacity to respond effectively to emerging infectious disease threats.
|Author||: Steven B. Karch,Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM|
|Editor||: CRC Press|
The Pathology of Drug Abuse, Second Edition is a comprehensive yet accessible guide to the pathology, toxicology, and pharmacology of commonly abused drugs. The book also offers detailed information on the origin, history, and production techniques used to make these drugs. As in the first edition, emphasis remains focused on the investigation of drug-related deaths and on practical approaches to the detection of drug abuse. The medical complications associated with each of the abused drugs are discussed in some detail as well. Individual chapters deal with cocaine, other naturally occurring stimulants, synthetic stimulants, hallucinogens, narcotics, anabolic steroids, and solvent abuse. Approximately 800 new references have been added since the publication of the first edition. Numerous new photomicrographs and drawings have been added, and many of the illustrations from the first edition have been redrawn to enhance clarity.
|Author||: Victor R. Preedy|
|Editor||: Academic Press|
Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies: Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment is the first book to take an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of cannabis use and misuse. Recent worldwide trends toward decriminalizing marijuana for medical use have increased legal use of the drug and recreational use remains high, making cannabis one of the most commonly used drugs. Cannabis has a wide range of adverse neurological effects, and use and abuse can lead to physical, social, and psychopathological issues that are multifarious and complex. Effective understanding and treatment requires knowledge of the drug’s effects from across scientific disciplines. This book provides an overview of the biological and pharmacological components of the cannabis plant, outlines its neurological, social, and psychopathological effects, assists in the diagnosis and screening for use and dependency, and aids researchers in developing effective treatments for cannabis-related issues and disorders. Fully illustrated, with contributions from internationally recognized experts, it is the go-to resource for neuroscientists, pharmacologists, pathologists, public-health workers, and any other researcher who needs an in-depth and cross-disciplinary understanding of cannabis and its effects. Comprehensive chapters include an abstract, key facts, mini dictionary of terms, and summary points Presents illustrations with at least six figures, tables, and diagrams per chapter Provides a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with cannabis and its related pathology, from chemicals and cells, individuals and communities, and diagnosis and treatment Offers an integrated and informed synopsis of the complex issues surrounding cannabis as a substance, its use, and its misuse
|Author||: Leo Barney Slater|
|Editor||: Rutgers University Press|
Fighting around the globe, American soldiers were at high risk for contracting malaria, yet quinine - a natural cure - became hard to acquire. This historical study shows the roots and branches of an enormous drug development project during World War II.
|Author||: Antonio Lopez|
|Editor||: NYU Press|
2014 Runner-Up, MLA Prize in United States Latina and Latino and Chicana and Chicano Literary and Cultural Studies In Unbecoming Blackness, Antonio López uncovers an important, otherwise unrecognized century-long archive of literature and performance that reveals Cuban America as a space of overlapping Cuban and African diasporic experiences. López shows how Afro-Cuban writers and performers in theU.S. align Cuban black and mulatto identities, often subsumed in the mixed-race and postracial Cuban national imaginaries, with the material and symbolic blackness of African Americans and other Afro-Latinas/os. In the works of Alberto O’Farrill, Eusebia Cosme, Rómulo Lachatañeré, and others, Afro-Cubanness articulates the African diasporic experience in ways that deprive negro and mulato configurations of an exclusive link with Cuban nationalism. Instead, what is invoked is an “unbecoming” relationship between Afro-Cubans in the U.S and their domestic black counterparts. The transformations in Cuban racial identity across the hemisphere, represented powerfully in the literary and performance cultures of Afro-Cubans in the U.S., provide the fullest account of a transnational Cuba, one in which the Cuban American emerges as Afro-Cuban-American, and the Latino as Afro-Latino.
|Author||: David Barton Smith|
|Editor||: World Scientific|
This book provides unique insights into the current heated healthcare reform debate in the United States and the expanding US$2 trillion industry that is the focus of public concern. The author''s extensive experience as an educator, consultant, researcher and author of five well-received books on that system provides a unique resource of largely unreported cases to mine. These vivid case studies weave the history, richness and complexity of the problems faced by patients and service providers into fascinating Byzantine intrigues. They illustrate the underlying structural problems that have produced disparities in treatment, escalating costs, unsafe and inadequate care, the demoralization of the many decent and committed people who work within the system and passionate calls for reform. Highly readable, the book also offers a candor and richness in detail that is typically lacking in textbooks, academic journal articles and the popular press. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Introduction: Fixing Healthcare in the United States (74 KB). Chapter 2: Governance: Who''s in Charge? (371 KB). Contents: Introduction: Fixing Healthcare in the United States; Governance: Who''s in Charge?; The Medical Staff: Villains of Victims?; Nursing: Where Is It Going and Why Does It Never Get There?; Financing: How Gold Rules; The Market: Why It Doesn''t Work OCo Or Does It?; Forecasting Trends and Repackaging the Future; Diagnosing and Treating the Pathologies of the US Health System. Readership: Written to provide essential background for the general reader on the current health care reform debate, it should be required reading for health care professionals, health care managers, and health care policymakers. It will also serve as an essential supplementary text for upper-level undergraduate courses in health policy and for introductory graduate health systems management and policy courses for those planning to enter careers in the health sector.
|Author||: CIM Fez|
It's been half a century since Richard Nixon declared his "war on drugs" yet the international drug's market continues to flourish. According to UN estimates the illegal drug trade is worth 500 billion USD a year. This book seeks to investigate why law enforcement has had a negligible impact on reducing both the consumption and production of drugs. In addition the author examines alternative strategies to prohibition in an increasingly interconnected and globalized world. After all can policies defined by the Westphalian state, where sovereignty encapsulated by rigid national boundaries' that once limited trade both licit and illicit still function in our now interconnected world? The amalgamation of states into regional bodies such as the EU, ASEAN, NAFTA or the Eurasian Union coupled to neoliberal policies has radically changed notions of the Westphalian state and eased the distribution of merchandise, goods, capital and people in both a logistical and financial sense. Processes which have been meticulously exploited by both transnational organized crime and international terrorism, constituting a security threat to states across the world.With these questions in mind the author goes beyond the traditional rather individualistic approach to the drugs debate, one that essentially reduces drug consumption to a matter of "rights" "freedom" and "morality" and seeks to address the issue also from a security point of view. Key here is how organized criminals and terrorists have proven adept at exploiting the insecurities and social pathologies that have arisen with neoliberalism and globalization and how this impacts on the role of the state. In seeking to address the issue the book examines the drugs issue from various corners of the world. It looks to the opioid epidemic in North America, Dutertes "war on drug's" in the Philippines, drug consumption in Russia after the fall of communism, the increasing involvement of terrorist organization's in the narcotics trade in places such as Afghanistan or Libya among others, before concluding that we do have options to the drugs problem and that the only thing holding us back is a fear of ourselves. ABOUT THE AUTHORCim Fez was born in Canada in 1976 Most of his secondary education followed in the UK. He was awarded his Bachelor degree in modern languages from the University of Essex, where he would also conclude studies in the Modern History of Russia. In 2014 Cim would complete his postgraduate studies in international crime in Cambridge. Cim has obtained many years of experience working for social services with people afflicted by drug addiction. This work gave him a first hand account of the social problems that can arise from drug misuse, whether this be due to the dysfunctional lifestyles drug addiction invariably promotes or due to its associated brushes with the law. While working for social services it also became apparent how these socially maladjusted individuals at times manage to perpetuate cycles of dysfunction in further generations. This generally being associated with a mindset that is beholden or at the very least prioritises drugs over any other issue in their individual orientated worlds.Cim is a regular contributor for the news outlet East & West where in addition to crime he writes on Russia and the post Soviet space, international relations, current affairs and international governmental organization's.Cim is a regular contributor for the news outlet East & West where he writes on Russia and the post Soviet space, international relations, current affairs and international governmental organization's.
|Author||: Matthew B. Robinson,Renee G. Scherlen|
|Editor||: SUNY Press|
Uncovers how the Office of National Drug Control Policy uses and misuses statistical evidence.
|Author||: Apostolos Zarros,Tilli Tansey|
|Editor||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Author||: Paul Farmer|
|Editor||: Univ of California Press|
Argues that illnesses such as AIDS and drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria, and typhoid target poor communities.
|Author||: Kathryn Milun|
Pathologies of Modern Space traces the rise of agoraphobia and ties its astonishing growth to the emergence of urban modernity. In contrast to traditional medical conceptions of the disorder, Kathryn Milun shows that this anxiety is closely related to the emergence of "empty urban space": homogenous space, such as malls and parking lots, stripped of memory and tactile features. Pathologies of Modern Space is a compelling cultural analysis of the history of medical treatments for agoraphobia and what they can tell us about the normative expectations for the public self in the modern city.
|Author||: Doris Marie Provine|
|Editor||: University of Chicago Press|
Race is clearly a factor in government efforts to control dangerous drugs, but the precise ways that race affects drug laws remain difficult to pinpoint. Illuminating this elusive relationship, Unequal under Law lays out how decades of both manifest and latent racism helped shape a punitive U.S. drug policy whose onerous impact on racial minorities has been willfully ignored by Congress and the courts. Doris Marie Provine’s engaging analysis traces the history of race in anti-drug efforts from the temperance movement of the early 1900s to the crack scare of the late twentieth century, showing how campaigns to criminalize drug use have always conjured images of feared minorities. Explaining how alarm over a threatening black drug trade fueled support in the 1980s for a mandatory minimum sentencing scheme of unprecedented severity, Provine contends that while our drug laws may no longer be racist by design, they remain racist in design. Moreover, their racial origins have long been ignored by every branch of government. This dangerous denial threatens our constitutional guarantee of equal protection of law and mutes a much-needed national discussion about institutionalized racism—a discussion that Unequal under Law promises to initiate.
|Author||: Michael Tonry,Kathleen Hatlestad|
|Editor||: Oxford University Press|
Sentencing and corrections issues are much the same in every Western nation. Increasingly, countries are importing policies and practices that have succeeded elsewhere. In that spirit, this volume brings together articles on sentencing reform in the United States, other English-speaking countries, and Western Europe, all written by leading national and international authorities on sentencing and punishment policy, practices, and institutions. Timely and readable, many of these essays provide brief yet detailed sentencing policy histories for countries and states. Others offer concise overviews of research on racial disparities, public opinion, and evaluation of the effects of new policies. Together, they illustrate the radical, precipitate, and hyperpoliticized nature of American sentencing reform in the last twenty-five years. Sentencing Reform in Overcrowded Times: A Comparative Perspective fills a major gap in the academic and policy literatures on this subject, and will be essential reading for students, scholars, and practitioners.
|Author||: Horace A. Bartilow|
As the recent Mexican crisis has demonstrated, Third World debt remains a silent virus in the global economy and not knowing when and where it will explode next should prompt questions about the nature and process of how debt is negotiated. This text is an attempt to understand the ways in which indebted Caribbean states and the IMF negotiate debt. Issues raised attempt to discuss the following questions: how do small dependent Caribbean states with limited resources negotiate debt with a powerful international agency such as IMF?; what are the various bargaining tactics and leverages that Caribbean governments and the IMF utilize in the negotiation of debt to shape the conditionality outcomes of economic adjustment?; and how does US hegemony in the Caribbean impact the process and outcome of negotiating debt?
|Author||: Paula Mallea|
Explores the spectacular failure of the war on drugs to weaken drug cartels and the illegal drug supply, as well as the modern history of drug use and abuse, the pharmacology of illegal drugs, and the economy of the illegal drug trade.
|Author||: Steven Wisotsky|
Argues that the U.S. policy on drugs is unworkable, examines what has been accomplished so far, and suggests a reassessment