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|Author||: Robert Inman,Daniel L. Rubinfeld|
|Editor||: Princeton University Press|
"Federalism, defined generally as a collection of self-governing regions under a central government, is widely viewed as a sensible choice of polity both for emerging democracies and for established states. But while federal institutions are positively correlated with valued economic, democratic, and justice outcomes, ultimately it is unclear how they are connected and which cause which. In Democratic Federalism, Robert Inman and Daniel Rubinfeld explore how federalism works and propose concrete and proven policy guidance on how federalist policies can be designed and implemented successfully. The authors define federalism according to three parameters: how much federal revenue comes through local governmental bodies, the number of local governmental bodies, and the extent to which these local bodies are represented federally. In applying these parameters to economic concepts and theory, Inman and Rubinfeld explain how federalism works in a way meant to engage scholars in political science and sociology and policymakers drafting regulation in federalist governments. The book offers applicable ideas and comparative case studies on how to assess potential policies and how to actually design federalist institutions from scratch. Both authors have real experience with both, most notably in their work advising the South African government on how to build a federalist democracy. This book will be an essential guide to understanding and applying federalist concepts and principles"--
|Author||: M. Frankman|
Myron J. Frankman provides an interrelated set of initiatives whose components are consistent with the logic of both the process of globalization and the emerging properties of our time: Sustainability, democratization, equal opportunity, diversity and peace. He brings together the case for global public finance, a single world currency and a planet-wide citizen's income, all within the context of democratic federalism extending from the local to the global.
|Author||: Jennifer Smith|
|Editor||: UBC Press|
Jennifer Smith argues that federalism is part of the democratic problem now; however, reformed, it can be part of the solution. Since theorists disagree on the democratic credentials of federalism, it is essential to look at how a real federal system operates. Smith examines the origins of Canadian federalism and its special features, then analyzes it in relation to the benchmarks of the Canadian Democratic Audit project: responsiveness, inclusiveness, and participation. Finding that Canadian federalism falls short on each benchmark, she recommends changes ranging from virtual regionalism to a Council of the Federation that includes Aboriginal representatives. Democracy is about more than the House of Commons or elections. It is also about federalism. This sparkling account of Canadian federalism is a must-read for students and scholars of Canadian politics, politicians and policymakers, and those who care about Canadian democracy.
|Author||: Ferran Requejo,Miquel Caminal Badia|
This book provides a theoretical and comparative analysis of federalism and federations in plurinational democracies, examining how states with distinct peoples and communities coexist (or not). Through a theoretical approach to democracy and federalism, and interdisciplinary analysis of plurinationality in state organization, including case studies of the UK, Russia, Canada, Belgium, India, Spain, Switzerland and Bolivia, this text assesses the possibilities and limits of federalism as a way to recognize and accommodate multinationalism in plurinational democracies. It evaluates a range of strategies used by states to support national, ethnic, linguistic or religious collectives in present-day liberal democracies. Leading scholars in the field evaluate the institutional and practical repercussions regarding the issue of recognition and accommodation of national minorities in a globalised world, through different theoretical perspectives to build up a detailed picture of problems and solutions to multinationalism. Looking both within and beyond the state, this is an invaluable examination of dilemmas and institutional challenges faced by many modern democracies. Federalism, Plurinationality and Democratic Constitutionalism will be of interest to students, researchers and scholars of democracy, nationalism, federalism and constitutionalism.
|Author||: Jamila Michener|
|Editor||: Cambridge University Press|
Because of federalism, Medicaid takes very different forms in different places. This has dramatic and crucial consequences for democratic citizenship.
|Author||: Jordan David Weisinger|
Democratic-Federalism provides a better fit for a political environment that includes wealth inequality, climate change, and the re-emerging threat of authoritarianism. Federalism is an appropriate response to an ever shifting and dangerous geo-political environment. The solutions presented in prior periods marked with less economic and political security are better fitted to meet the demands of a harsher, less forgiving, and less predictable future. The real question is, does the next 100 years look like the last 100 years, or periods 150-300 years ago. Technology will always advance but will people retreat in the morals, principles, and expectations. This is not to declare economic systems of representation corrupt and inefficient, but they are tools that are more appropriate for more volatile and less certain eras. Democratic-Federalism has one very important advantage over other ways to politically organize nations. Democratic-Federalism promotes strong states that can defend themselves against authoritarians. When the states have sovereignty, they can protect themselves with legal arguments during a compromised election. They are lawfully entitled to form and regulate their own militia, often through National Guard Armies and local police forces. They have distinct budgetary systems with their own credit. The independence of states within a federal system ensures that only a portion of them will be infected by authoritarianism before the other identifies the issue and mobilizes to mitigate the coercive and deleterious condition. If the states can organize themselves in defense of the nation, they can discourage most of the bad actors from attempting a coup or authoritarian take-over. One of the more important properties of Democratic-Federalism is its ability to extend the life of democracy by emphasizing the representation of wealthier districts and increasing the adjusted per capita income of voting residents. Higher per capita incomes are associated with states prolonging their status as a democracy. This could be a critical component of nation building exercises after occupation. If an occupying nation could better guarantee success after installing democratic entitlements in the host nation, it could justify the large amount of labor and capital spent on the effort. Anything that makes it more likely the occupied nation will achieve high quality democratic status should be considered a viable option or strategy when nation-building. Another important property GDP-based representation is that It permits one state to incorporate another state that gains proportional representation in the long term but has reduced representation in the first few years of the new union. States that lose wars often have decimated economies with low GDP. When GDP is used as the one of the determinants of political representation, it ensures that the occupying nation has an initial advantage in GDP and representation. However, after the new state's economy is rebuilt, it will have a more equal GDP and gain representational parity with the other states in the union. This is the promise of econometric representation. The new state will have a decade or two to inculcate and acclimate to the new culture of democracy before they have a reciprocal relationship. During this incubation period, the state will benefit from an imbalance of tax subsidies and investment revenues. As the new state develops a stronger economy, it gains more and more representation, eventually gaining parity with the other states in the union.
|Author||: Edward L. Gibson,Professor Edward L Gibson|
|Editor||: JHU Press|
We live in an increasingly federalized world. This fact has generated interest in how federal institutions shape politics, policy-making and the quality of life of those living in federal systems. In this book, Edward L. Gibson brings together a group of scholars to examine the Latin American experience with federalism and to advance our theoretical understanding of politics in federal systems. questions of how and when federal institutions matter for politics, policy-making and democratic practice. They also offer conceptual approaches for studying federal systems, their origins and their internal dynamics. The book provides case studies on the four existing federal systems in Latin America - Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela - and their experiences in dealing with a variety of issues, including federal system formation, democratization, electoral representation and economic reform.
|Author||: Bruno S. Frey,Reiner Eichenberger|
|Editor||: Edward Elgar Pub|
Proposes an arrangement for government to fulfil the needs of its citizens, such as a model of federalism which includes governmental units established by citizens. The authors suggest that this system should be allowed to develop in Europe to safeguard diversity and encourage decentralization.
|Author||: Reg Whitaker|
|Editor||: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP|
Bringing together the best of Reg Whitaker's essays on democracy, federalism, and the state, A Sovereign Idea will be essential reading for anyone interested in the rise of the idea of democracy in Canada. The essays, each in its own way, are an attempt to discover how a more democratic Canada can be achieved.
|Author||: Robert Inman,Daniel L. Rubinfeld|
|Editor||: Princeton University Press|
An authoritative guide to federal democracy from two respected experts in the field Around the world, federalism has emerged as the system of choice for nascent republics and established nations alike. In this book, leading scholars and governmental advisers Robert Inman and Daniel Rubinfeld consider the most promising forms of federal governance and the most effective path to enacting federal policies. The result is an essential guide to federalism, its principles, its applications, and its potential to enhance democratic governance. Drawing on the latest work from economics, political science, and law, Inman and Rubinfeld assess different models of federalism and their relative abilities to promote economic efficiency, encourage the participation of citizens, and protect individual liberties. Under the right conditions, the authors argue, a federal democracy—including a national legislature with locally elected representatives—can best achieve these goals. Because a stable union between the national and local governments is key, Inman and Rubinfeld also propose an innovative method for evaluating new federal laws and their possible impact on state and local governments. Finally, to show what the adoption of federalism can mean for citizens, the authors discuss the evolution of governance in the European Union and South Africa’s transition from apartheid to a multiracial democracy. Interdisciplinary in approach, Democratic Federalism brims with applicable policy ideas and comparative case studies of global significance. This book is indispensable for understanding the importance of federal forms of government—both in recent history and, crucially, for future democracies.
|Author||: Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant,Kyle Hanniman|
|Editor||: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP|
In October 2015, the federal Liberals came to power with sweeping plans to revamp Canada's democratic and federal institutions - a modernizing agenda intended to revitalize Canada's democratic architecture. The centrepiece of the agenda was the replacement of Canada's first-past-the-post electoral system, but they also promised to revitalize relations with the provinces, bring Indigenous Peoples into the intergovernmental fold, and to change the ways in which senators and Supreme Court justices are appointed. How has the reform agenda faired? Has it resulted in a more effective and democratic set of political and federal institutions? Or has it largely failed to deliver on these objectives? What, more broadly, is the state of Canada's democratic and federal institutions? The Queen's Institute of Intergovernmental Relations used the occasion of Canada's 150th birthday to examine these pressing issues. The 2017 volume in the State of the Federation series focuses on enduring questions about the functioning of federalism and intergovernmental relations in Canada, including how we should evaluate the quality of Canada's institutions and practices in light of our federal structure, and how current institutional arrangements and their possible alternatives fare according to these criteria.
|Author||: Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Institute of Intergovernmental Relations|
|Editor||: IIGR, Queen's University|
The 1999 signing of the Social Union Framework Agreement, the elimination of government deficits, and an apparent trend to decentralization have increased the focus on Canada's social policy and the manner of its formulation. While disability policy, a key element of social policy that is seldom high on the country's policy agenda, is sharing in the renewed interest, no significant disability policy changes have yet emerged. The Social Union and Disability Policy examines the development of Canadian disability policy and the current political landscape that will influence new policy. It offers an agenda for reform of the disability insurance system and for the provision of supports and services for people with disabilities. The focus is on the impact of governance structures, those now in place and those that might be expected to yield improved policy outcomes while promoting the principles of federalism and democratic oversight. Contributors to the volume are academics Michael Prince (University of Victoria), Roy Hanes (Carleton University) and Allan Moscovitch (Carleton University), NGO representative Michael Bach (Roeher Institute) and social policy analysts Marcia Rioux (York University) and Alan Puttee.
|Author||: Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). Institute of Intergovernmental Relations,Queen's University (Kingston, Ont.). School of Policy Studies|
|Editor||: IIGR, Queen's University|
In Federalism, Democracy and Labour Market Policy in Canada the authors provide comprehensive assessments of the current state of governance within the areas of income support for the unemployed, active labour market measures, and youth policy. The analysis focuses on how the current state of governance reflects a combined commitment to specific social policy goals, principles of federalism, and democratic oversight of the policy making process.;This volume sheds new light on the complex nature of the intergovernmental regimes governing labour market policy. It makes recommendations concerning how different governance structures might better serve both Canadians and the federation.
|Author||: John N. Paden|
|Editor||: Brookings Institution Press|
The question of whether Islam is compatible with democracy may best be answered not from the classical sources or even from the cauldron of Middle East politics but from the lived experiences of Muslim communities around the world. In large and diverse countries, the varied political values of different cultures can make or break the democratic experiment. Regardless of their cultural context, transitions from military to civilian rule require attention to the grassroots civic cultures that form the foundations of democratic federalism. John Paden, a noted expert on West African and Islamic societies, uses Nigeria as a critical case study of how a diverse country with a significant Muslim population is working to make the transition to a democratic society. Although little-studied, the non-Arab Muslim communities of West Africa are an important indicator as to whether Islamic democracy in a diverse nation is possible. Nigeria's success is vital to regional and global stability. As the largest country in Africa, with a population that is about half Muslim and half Christian or traditional animist, Nigeria is also the seventh largest producer of oil in the world and has gone through a series of political traumas ranging from civil war to military rule. The current democratic government is trying to balance rule-of-law concerns at a time when many communal tensions are coming to the surface. Muslim Civic Cultures and Conflict Resolution in Nigeria takes us inside the complex world of Nigerian politics, with a focus on the ways Muslim civic cultures deal with matters of leadership and conflict resolution. The book provides an essential context to the current international concern with issues ranging from Shari'a law and communal violence, to the broader war on terrorism. It argues that the requirement for regional political cooperation serves as a counterbalance to more extreme forms of political expression. Paden shows that if the Nigerian political model of democratic federalism works, then there is a real world, peaceful alternative to the "clash of civilizations" predicted by the intellectual world and threatened by al Qaeda.
|Author||: André Lecours,Geneviève Nootens|
|Editor||: Peter Lang|
Although nationalism and ethnicity have long been associated with minority populations, an emerging literature looks at how the state and/or a majority group interact with minorities, and how, behind the expression of the nation promoted by the state, there is often an ethnic core. This book contributes to this emerging literature on dominant nationalism and dominant ethnicity by presenting multidisciplinary contributions that center on how states deploy their own nationalism, and how the state's nation-building and nation-consolidating processes are very often spearheaded by a specific ethnocultural group. It focuses on the interrelated issues of identity, federalism and democracy. Dominant nationalism and ethnicity involve the projection, the promotion, and sometimes the imposition by the state and/or a dominant group of an identity, which can be challenged, negotiated and/or resisted by minority groups. This brings questions for democratic practices, since it raises the issue of self-rule. Since dominant nationalism and ethnicity are shaped by ideas and institutions relating to the territorial division of power, federalism is crucial for understanding these phenomena. The book is amongst the first to look at dominant nationalism and ethnicity from historical, theoretical, empirical and normative perspectives.
|Author||: Ferran Requejo,Ferran Requejo Coll|
|Editor||: Psychology Press|
This book addresses the issue of whether or not federalism be a fair and workable way of articulating multinational societies according to revised liberal-democratic patterns.