Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances
Author: Owen Bowden-Jones,Dima Abdulrahim
Pages: 150
ISBN: 9781911623090
Available:
Release: 2020-10-08
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Emerging illicit drugs pose a significant clinical challenge. This handbook offers an engaging, concise guide to managing these challenges.

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances
Author: Owen Bowden-Jones,Dima Abdulrahim
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781009028431
Available:
Release: 2020-10-08
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Over the last decade many hundreds of new psychoactive drugs have emerged onto illicit markets. This flood of new drugs has led to clinicians being unsure of the rapidly emerging changing evidence base and uncertain of the best approaches to assessment and clinical management. This book provides a concise, accessible summary of these emerging drugs. By categorizing the hundreds of new drugs by their predominant psychoactive effect - sedative, stimulant and hallucinogenic - the book helps clinicians to manage a drug they are unfamiliar with by using their experience of other drugs with similar psychoactive properties. Written for clinicians from across the frontline, from A&E staff to drug treatment professionals, the authors draw on numerous clinical examples from their own clinical experiences to illustrate aspects of assessment and management. Club drugs and novel psychoactive substances will continue to challenge clinicians and this handbook provides readers with an invaluable introduction to this complex area.

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances
Author: Ornella Corazza,Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
Pages: 386
ISBN: 9781351655521
Available:
Release: 2018-10-10
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges that clinicians face when dealing with NPS and discusses how the profile of patients and their socio-demographic characteristics frame the serious public health concern that NPS pose. It presents various clinical cases, as well as detailed accounts of symptoms, psychopathology, toxicity, and overall clinical management that NPS require. This handbook brings together a unique collection of chapters written by leading experts in the field, who have felt the need to share their knowledge and experience to improve the clinical practice on NPS and the wellbeing of their patients.

Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
Author: Paul Dargan,David Wood
Pages: 440
ISBN: 9780124159112
Available:
Release: 2013-08-06
Editor: Academic Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology provides readers with background on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." This book also covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of the pharmacology of the substance followed by a discussion of the acute and chronic harm or toxicity associated with the substance. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is a valuable reference for scientists, clinicians, academics, and regulatory and law enforcement professionals. Includes chapters written by international experts in the field. Provides a comprehensive look at the classification, detection, availability and supply of novel psychoactive substances, in addition to the pharmacology and toxicology associated with the substance. Offers a single source for all interested parties working in this area, including scientists, academics, clinicians, law enforcement and regulatory agencies. Provides a full treatment of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene including mephedrone and the synthetic cannabinoid receptors in ‘spice’ / ‘K2’.

Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
Author: Ornella Corazza,Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
Pages: 178
ISBN: 9783319606002
Available:
Release: 2017-08-09
Editor: Springer
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In light of the recent emergence of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) on a global scale, this book provides a timely analysis of the social and economic impact of the NPS phenomenon, and of the global policy and regulatory responses to it. It presents the first comprehensive overview of the international regulation, policy and market structure of the NPS phenomenon, offering a guide to inform legislative discussions and demonstrating from a comparative perspective the different approaches used to address the rise of NPS to date. It covers topics such as organized crime, drug markets, clinical evidence on NPS, and different regulatory approaches also in less explored settings such as prisons and sport environments. Overall, this highly informative and well-structured repository of different experiences with NPS policy, law and regulation offers an essential primary source of evidence for anyone interested in the area of drug and NPS policy, health economics and p ublic health.

Business as Usual A Status Report on New Psychoactive Substances NPS and club Drugs in the UK electronic Resource

Business as Usual  A Status Report on New Psychoactive Substances  NPS  and  club Drugs  in the UK  electronic Resource
Author: Anonim
Pages: 24
ISBN: OCLC:889698335
Available:
Release: 2014
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Novel Psychoactive Drugs

Novel Psychoactive Drugs
Author: Liana Fattore,Aviv Weinstein
Pages: 196
ISBN: 9782889458646
Available:
Release: 2019-06-05
Editor: Frontiers Media SA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An increasing number of novel psychoactive drugs are currently available and sold as 'legal highs' or 'research chemicals'. These New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) constitute a broad range of hundreds of natural and synthetic drugs, including synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinones, synthetic opioids and other classes, which use has resulted in a significantly growing number of intoxication and mortality, as reported by emergency and poison centres from all over the world. Definition of “NPS” includes any substance that has recently become available and has been designed purposely to replace illegal drugs, although not necessarily of new synthesis. Use of NPS is dramatically increased in the last decade and represents a serious risk for the public health. Their ever-evolving chemical structure, the possibility to distribute in real time through the Internet and social networks information about their use and effects have dramatically challenged public health and drug policies internationally. NPS recently attracted great attention, but most are still unregulated and proposed online as legal alternatives to traditional illicit drugs. Unfortunately, this area is still poorly investigated and very limited information are available so far on their nature and potential risks. The phenomenon of NPS requires multi-national and multi-disciplinary collaborations to improve our knowledge on this changing drug market, to share information and define good practices at a global level. Political and educational efforts are indispensable to regulate this mutable scenario and to inform the public about health consequences of NPS use. Clinicians and emergency staff should be aware that NPS may cause severe health consequences and unexpected adverse effects, and be informed on how to recognized and treat specific intoxication cases. Considering the widespread use of NPS and paucity of information about their toxicology and pharmacology, this Research Topic will be useful to understand the new trends in the scenario of drug use, abuse and addiction to inform professionals and general public about the health problems caused by NPS and to help drug-control policies to adopt suitable control measures.

Synthetic Cathinones

Synthetic Cathinones
Author: Jolanta B. Zawilska
Pages: 207
ISBN: 9783319787077
Available:
Release: 2018-04-16
Editor: Springer
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Over the last decade, and particularly during the recent five years, a rapidly increasing number of novel psychoactive substance (NPSs), often marketed as “designer drugs”, “legal highs”, “herbal highs”, “research or intermediate chemicals” and “laboratory reagents”, has appeared on the drug market in an effort to bypass controlled substance legislation. NPSs encompass a wide range of different compounds and drug classes but had been dominated by synthetic cannabinomimetics and psychostimulatory synthetic cathinones, so-called β-keto amphetamines. Compounds from the later class were first detected in Europe in 2004, and since then 103 new cathinones have been identified and reported to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, with 57 during the last two years. Synthetic cathinones – novel addictive and stimulatory psychoactive substances is the first publication of this kind that provides readers with background on chemical structures, detection, prevalence and motivation of use of the very popular group of NPSs. This book also presents comprehensive overview of the mechanisms of action, pharmacological activity, and main metabolic pathways of synthetic cathinones, followed by a detailed discussion of the acute and chronic toxicity associated with the use of these substances. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is a valuable reference not only for scientists, clinicians and academics, but also for readers representing different professional background who are involved in educational-prophylactic activities directed to harm reduction of psychoactive compounds.

Drug Use for Grown Ups

Drug Use for Grown Ups
Author: Dr. Carl L. Hart
Pages: 304
ISBN: 9781101981658
Available:
Release: 2021-01-12
Editor: Penguin
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

“Hart’s argument that we need to drastically revise our current view of illegal drugs is both powerful and timely . . . when it comes to the legacy of this country’s war on drugs, we should all share his outrage.” —The New York Times Book Review From one of the world's foremost experts on the subject, a powerful argument that the greatest damage from drugs flows from their being illegal, and a hopeful reckoning with the possibility of their use as part of a responsible and happy life Dr. Carl L. Hart, Ziff Professor at Columbia University and former chair of the Department of Psychology, is one of the world's preeminent experts on the effects of so-called recreational drugs on the human mind and body. Dr. Hart is open about the fact that he uses drugs himself, in a happy balance with the rest of his full and productive life as a colleague, husband, father, and friend. In Drug Use for Grown-Ups, he draws on decades of research and his own personal experience to argue definitively that the criminalization and demonization of drug use--not drugs themselves--have been a tremendous scourge on America, not least in reinforcing this country's enduring structural racism. Dr. Hart did not always have this view. He came of age in one of Miami's most troubled neighborhoods at a time when many ills were being laid at the door of crack cocaine. His initial work as a researcher was aimed at proving that drug use caused bad outcomes. But one problem kept cropping up: the evidence from his research did not support his hypothesis. From inside the massively well-funded research arm of the American war on drugs, he saw how the facts did not support the ideology. The truth was dismissed and distorted in order to keep fear and outrage stoked, the funds rolling in, and Black and brown bodies behind bars. Drug Use for Grown-Ups will be controversial, to be sure: the propaganda war, Dr. Hart argues, has been tremendously effective. Imagine if the only subject of any discussion about driving automobiles was fatal car crashes. Drug Use for Grown-Ups offers a radically different vision: when used responsibly, drugs can enrich and enhance our lives. We have a long way to go, but the vital conversation this book will generate is an extraordinarily important step.

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence
Author: WHO,World Health Organization
Pages: 264
ISBN: 9789241562355
Available:
Release: 2004
Editor: World Health Organization
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use behaviours, including their relationship with environmental factors.

Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse

Medical Toxicology of Drug Abuse
Author: Donald G. Barceloux
Pages: 1064
ISBN: 9781118106051
Available:
Release: 2012-02-03
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book provides a broad reference covering important drugs of abuse including amphetamines, opiates, and steroids. It also covers psychoactive plants such as caffeine, peyote, and psilocybin. It provides chemical structures, analytical methods, clinical features, and treatments of these drugs of abuse, serving as a highly useful, in-depth supplement to a general medical toxicology book. The style allows for the easy application of the contents to searchable databases and other electronic products, making this an essential resource for practitioners in medical toxicology, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, pharmaceuticals, environmental organizations, pathology, and related fields.

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 2

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse Volume 2
Author: Victor R. Preedy
Pages: 1182
ISBN: 9780128003756
Available:
Release: 2016-03-25
Editor: Academic Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume 2: Stimulants, Club and Dissociative Drugs, Hallucinogens, Steroids, Inhalants and International Aspects is the second of three volumes in this informative series and offers a comprehensive examination of the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse. Each volume serves to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction as well as to deepen understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume 2 addresses stimulants, club and dissociative drugs, hallucinogens, and inhalants and solvents. Each section provides data on the general, molecular and cellular, and structural and functional neurological aspects of a given substance, with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Research shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others, and understanding these commonalties provides a platform for studying specific addictions in more depth and may ultimately lead researchers toward new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. However, marshalling data on the complex relationships between addictions is difficult due to the myriad material and substances. Offers a modern approach to understanding the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence-based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by serving as a “one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes in each chapter: list of abbreviations, abstract, introduction, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and from the genome to whole body

Neuropharmacology of New Psychoactive Substances NPS

Neuropharmacology of New Psychoactive Substances  NPS
Author: Michael H. Baumann,Richard A. Glennon,Jenny L. Wiley
Pages: 380
ISBN: 9783319524443
Available:
Release: 2017-04-13
Editor: Springer
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Designer drugs, or new psychoactive substances (NPS), are synthetic chemicals that mimic the effects of classic drugs of abuse. There has been an alarming worldwide increase in the abuse of NPS in recent years. NPS are cheap, easy to obtain, and often legally available. In this volume, leading experts summarize the latest studies regarding the molecular mechanisms of action, behavioral effects, and adverse consequences of popular NPS. Specific chapters clarify the differences between various types of NPS, namely: stimulants, cannabinoids and hallucinogens. Thus, this volume broadens our understanding of NPS and provides insight into the rapidly evolving “new drug” phenomenon.

Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking

Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking
Author: Marvin Zuckerman
Pages: 463
ISBN: 0521437709
Available:
Release: 1994-06-24
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book is concerned with a trait that describes variations in the need for novel and intense stimulation and its expression in risky kinds of behaviour.

Forces of Habit

Forces of Habit
Author: David T. COURTWRIGHT
Pages: 288
ISBN: 0674029909
Available:
Release: 2009-06-30
Editor: Harvard University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A global history of the acquisition of progressively more potent means of altering ordinary waking consciousness, this book is the first to provide the big picture of the discovery, interchange, and exploitation of the planet's psychoactive resources, from tea and kola to opiates and amphetamines.

Psychedelics Encyclopedia

Psychedelics Encyclopedia
Author: Peter Stafford
Pages: 514
ISBN: 9781579511692
Available:
Release: 2013-02-18
Editor: Ronin Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Traces the history of the use of hallucinogenic drugs and discusses the psychological and physical effects of LSD, marijuana, mescaline, and other drugs.

Animals and Psychedelics

Animals and Psychedelics
Author: Giorgio Samorini
Pages: 112
ISBN: 9781594775956
Available:
Release: 2002-08-01
Editor: Simon and Schuster
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An Italian ethnobotanist explores the remarkable propensity of wild animals to seek out and use psychoactive substances. • Throws out behaviorist theories that claim animals have no consciousness. • Offers a completely new understanding of the role psychedelics play in the development of consciousness in all species. • Reveals drug use to be a natural instinct. From caffeine-dependent goats to nectar addicted ants, the animal kingdom offers amazing examples of wild animals and insects seeking out and consuming the psychoactive substances in their environments. Author Giorgio Samorini explores this little-known phenomenon and suggests that, far from being confined to humans, the desire to experience altered states of consciousness is a natural drive shared by all living beings and that animals engage in these behaviors deliberately. Rejecting the Western cultural assumption that using drugs is a negative action or the result of an illness, Samorini opens our eyes to the possibility that beings who consume psychedelics--whether humans or animals--contribute to the evolution of their species by creating entirely new patterns of behavior that eventually will be adopted by other members of that species. The author's fascinating accounts of mushroom-loving reindeer, intoxicated birds, and drunken elephants ensure that readers will never view the animal world in quite the same way again.

Drugs and Drug Policy

Drugs and Drug Policy
Author: Mark A.R. Kleiman,Jonathan P. Caulkins,Angela Hawken
Pages: 234
ISBN: 9780199764518
Available:
Release: 2011-07-13
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In Drugs and Drug Policy: What Everyone Needs to Know Mark A. R. Kleiman, Jonathan P. Caulkins, and Angela Hawken will provide a comprehensive introduction to domestic drug policy. They will address topics ranging from the basic biology of drug addiction, to the rationale behind drug policies and moves to legalize drugs, approaches to enforcement, drug abuse prevention, treatment, drug-related crime, prevalence of use, medical benefits of drugs, pricing of drugs, international policy, the connection between trafficking and terrorism, and the socio-cultural elements of drug policy.

The Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use

The Health and Social Effects of Nonmedical Cannabis Use
Author: World Health Organization
Pages: 95
ISBN: 9789241510240
Available:
Release: 2016-02-15
Editor: World Health Organization
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Cannabis is globally the most commonly used psychoactive substance under international control. In 2013, an estimated 181.8 million people aged 15-64 years used cannabis for nonmedical purposes globally (UNODC, 2015). There is an increasing demand for treatment for cannabis-use disorders and associated health conditions in high- and middle-income countries. This report focuses on nonmedical use of cannabis, building on contributions from a broad range of experts and researchers from different parts of the world. It aims to present current knowledge on the impact of nonmedical cannabis use on health, from its impact on brain development to its role in respiratory diseases. The potential medical utility of cannabis -- including the pharmacology, toxicology and possible therapeutic applications of the cannabis plant -- is outside the scope of this report.

A Primer of Drug Action

A Primer of Drug Action
Author: Robert M. Julien, Ph.D.
Pages: 512
ISBN: 9781466851184
Available:
Release: 2013-08-06
Editor: Holt Paperbacks
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Since 1975, Robert Julien's A Primer of Drug Action has been the definitive guide to the effects of psychoactive drugs on the brain and on behavior. Now fully updated, this popular guide continues to lead the way through a rapidly changing field, providing readers with a clear, contemporary, and objective look at every drug and medication that either positively or adversely affects brain function. This edition includes important new information on -Herbal medications -Drug therapy for behavioral and anxiety disorders -Clinical practice guidelines for treating psychological disorders -Depression and the action of antidepressant drugs -The use of newer anticonvulsants in the treatment of bipolar disorder, pain syndromes, and behavioral disorders -Drug therapy for children, adolescents and the elderly -"New generation" antipsychotic agents Authoritative, comprehensive, and suitable for those with little background in biology, A Primer of Drug Action is an indispensable source of information for anyone interested in drug use, abuse, and education.