Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking

Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking
Author: Marvin Zuckerman
Pages: 463
ISBN: 0521437709
Available:
Release: 1994-06-24
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book is concerned with a trait that describes variations in the need for novel and intense stimulation and its expression in risky kinds of behaviour.

Behavioral expressions of and biosocial bases of sensation seeking

Behavioral expressions of and biosocial bases of sensation seeking
Author: Anonim
Pages: 463
ISBN: OCLC:1228208953
Available:
Release: 1994
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

On the Psychobiology of Personality

On the Psychobiology of Personality
Author: Robert M. Stelmack
Pages: 533
ISBN: 0080442099
Available:
Release: 2004
Editor: Pergamon
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Two books have been written on this topic: Sensation Seeking: Beyond the Optimal Level of Arousal, 1979; Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking, 1994. Research on sensation seeking in America and countries around the world continues at an unabated level of journal articles, several hundred appearing since the 1994 book on the subject. PThe theoretical model of sensation seeking changed as a consequence of research on the biological correlates of sensation seeking which included biochemical as well as psychophysiological variables. Genetic studies also indicated that sensation seeking was a major trait with a strong genetic/ biological basis. Zuckerman and his colleagues conducted research on the psychophysiological correlates of sensation seeking.-

Psychobiology of Personality

Psychobiology of Personality
Author: Marvin Zuckerman
Pages: 322
ISBN: 052181569X
Available:
Release: 2005-04-11
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Revised and updated edition of graduate level overview, describing biological basis of behaviour and personality.

You are what You Hear

You are what You Hear
Author: Harry Witchel
Pages: 220
ISBN: 9780875868059
Available:
Release: 2010
Editor: Algora Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Pondering the musicality of everything from bird songs to the language he calls "motherese," Dr. Witchel illustrates the power of music and addresses the questions: Why do we have music? What does music do to our emotions? Can animals hear and understand music? What does music do to your brain? Why do people listen to sad music? Why do some people like classical but others only like heavy metal? Is there some essential feature to all music?You Are What You Hearis an erudite and entertaining study that is unique in many ways. No other book has thoroughly elaborated the connection between music and social territory in humans, although in other music-making species scientists have shown this connection to be clear-cut. Given the wealth of scientific evidence and historical narratives presented inYou Are What You Hear, an intellectual investigation of this avenue is long overdue. Written by a psychobiologist, the work straddles hard science and psychology, approaching music from a unique interdisciplinary perspective. Successfully bridging these strands of evidence,You Are What You Hearelucidates the significance of territory not only in music but in daily life. This lively and engaging book will have a broad appeal — not only to the general public, but to students interested in the relationship between music and culture. Anyone from seventeen to ninety-seven will have the potential to gain something from this book.

Sensation Seeking and Risky Behavior

Sensation Seeking and Risky Behavior
Author: Marvin Zuckerman
Pages: 309
ISBN: STANFORD:36105123272465
Available:
Release: 2007
Editor: Amer Psychological Assn
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Risky behavior can be an expression of a normal, genetically influenced personality trait--sensation seeking. In this fascinating and accessible book, the author offers a comprehensive view of the role of sensation seeking in a wide range of behaviors, from risky driving sports through substance use, sex, crime, or other antisocial behaviors.

Psychology of Entertainment

Psychology of Entertainment
Author: Jennings Bryant,Peter Vorderer
Pages: 476
ISBN: 9781135257415
Available:
Release: 2013-10-31
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

As entertainment becomes a trillion-dollar-a-year industry worldwide, as our modern era increasingly lives up to its label of the "entertainment age," and as economists begin to recognize that entertainment has become the driving force of the new world economy, it is safe to say that scholars are beginning to take entertainment seriously. The scholarly spin on entertainment has been manifested in traditional ways, as well as innovative ones. Representing the current state of theory and research, Psychology of Entertainment promises to be the most comprehensive and up-to-date volume on entertainment. It serves to define the new area of study and provides a theoretical spin for future work in the area. Divided into three basic parts, this book: *addresses the fundamental mechanisms and processes involved in orienting to and selecting entertainment fare, as well as receiving and processing it; *explores the mechanisms and processes by which we are entertained by the media messages we select and receive; and *provides an opportunity for the application of well-established as well as emerging psychological and psychobiological theories to be applied to the study of entertainment in ways that seldom have been utilized previously. Psychology of Entertainment will appeal to scholars, researchers, and graduate students in media studies and mass communication, psychology, marketing, and other areas contributing to the entertainment studies area.

Personality Science

Personality Science
Author: Marvin Zuckerman
Pages: 262
ISBN: 1433808935
Available:
Release: 2011
Editor: Amer Psychological Assn
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The latest volume from respected scholar and researcher Marvin Zuckerman is a masterful examination of three contemporary scientific approaches to the study of personality-the psychodynamic, the trait-psychobiological, and the cognitive. The book also focuses on corresponding theoretical frameworks that continue to guide much of the research on personality disorders-Attachment and Separation, the psychobiological paradigm, and cognitive frameworks. Most books on personality theories devote little attention to the applied, clinical realm. Yet Personality Science engages the reader in a discussion of applied personality theories on psychopathology and the crucial contemporary research they have generated: prospective studies from childhood to adulthood, and concurrent studies of the biological correlates of major personality traits. In the concluding chapters of this work, Professor Zuckerman applies the three approaches to the psychopathology of depression-specifically, to Major Depressive Disorder and dysthymia-surveying the theories and research on the etiology of depression, and exploring clinical applications of the three personality approaches (i.e., psychodynamic and cognitive therapy, and psychopharmacological therapy) to the treatment of the disorder.

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment
Author: Gregory J Boyle,Gerald Matthews,Donald H Saklofske
Pages: 808
ISBN: 9781446246061
Available:
Release: 2008-06-24
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment 2-Volume Set constitutes an essential resource for shaping the future of the scientific foundation of personality research, measurement, and practice. It reviews the major contemporary personality models (Volume 1) and associated psychometric measurement instruments (Volume 2) that underpin the scientific study of this important area of psychology. With contributions from internationally renowned academics, this work will be an important reference work for a host of researchers and practitioners in the fields of individual differences and personality assessment, clinical psychology, educational psychology, work and organizational psychology, health psychology and other applied fields as well. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models. Deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments and covers the following broad topics, listed by section heading: " Explanatory Models For Personality " Comprehensive Trait Models " Key Traits: Psychobiology " Key Traits: Self-Regulation And Stress " New Trait And Dynamic Trait Constructs " Applications

Human Safety and Risk Management

Human Safety and Risk Management
Author: A. Ian Glendon,Sharon Clarke,Eugene McKenna
Pages: 528
ISBN: 1420004689
Available:
Release: 2016-04-19
Editor: CRC Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Reflecting a decade’s worth of changes, Human Safety and Risk Management, Second Edition contains new chapters addressing safety culture and models of risk as well as an extensive re-working of the material from the earlier edition. Examining a wide range of approaches to risk, the authors define safety culture and review theoretical models that elucidate mechanisms linking safety culture with safety performance. Filled with practical examples and case studies and drawing on a range of disciplines, the book explores individual differences and the many ways in which human beings are alike within a risk and safety context. It delineates a risk management approach that includes a range of techniques such as risk assessment, safety audit, and safety interventions. The authors address concepts central to workplace safety such as attitudes and their link with behavior. They discuss managing behavior in work environments including key functions and benefits of groups, factors influencing team effectiveness, and barriers to effectiveness such as groupthink.

Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs

Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs
Author: Gregory J. Boyle,Donald H. Saklofske,Gerald Matthews
Pages: 824
ISBN: 9780123869586
Available:
Release: 2014-09-04
Editor: Academic Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs assists researchers and practitioners by identifying and reviewing the best scales/measures for a variety of constructs. Each chapter discusses test validity, reliability, and utility. Authors have focused on the most often used and cited scales/measures, with a particular emphasis on those published in recent years. Each scale is identified and described, the sample on which it was developed is summarized, and reliability and validity data are presented, followed by presentation of the scale, in full or in part, where such permission has been obtained. Measures fall into five broad groups. The emotional disposition section reviews measures of general affective tendencies, and/or cognitive dispositions closely linked to emotion. These measures include hope and optimism, anger and hostility, life satisfaction, self-esteem, confidence, and affect dimensions. Emotion regulation scales go beyond general dispositions to measure factors that may contribute to understanding and managing emotions. These measures include alexithymia, empathy, resiliency, coping, sensation seeking, and ability and trait emotional intelligence. The interpersonal styles section introduces some traditional social–psychological themes in the context of personality assessment. These measures include adult attachment, concerns with public image and social evaluation, and forgiveness. The vices and virtues section reflects adherence to moral standards as an individual characteristic shaped by sociocultural influences and personality. These measures include values and moral personality, religiosity, dark personalities (Machiavellianism,narcissism, and subclinical psychopathy), and perfectionism. The sociocultural interaction and conflict section addresses relationships between different groups and associated attitudes. These measures include cross-cultural values, personality and beliefs, intergroup contact, stereotyping and prejudice, attitudes towards sexual orientation, and personality across cultures. Encompasses 25 different areas of psychology research Each scale has validity, reliability info, info on test bias, etc Multiple scales discussed for each construct Discussion of which scales are appropriate in which circumstances and to what populations Examples of scales included

Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior

Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior
Author: Mark R. Leary,Rick H. Hoyle
Pages: 624
ISBN: 9781462514892
Available:
Release: 2013-12-17
Editor: Guilford Publications
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

How do individual differences interact with situational factors to shape social behavior? Are people with certain traits more likely to form lasting marriages; experience test-taking anxiety; break the law; feel optimistic about the future? This handbook provides a comprehensive, authoritative examination of the full range of personality variables associated with interpersonal judgment, behavior, and emotion. The contributors are acknowledged experts who have conducted influential research on the constructs they address. Chapters discuss how each personality attribute is conceptualized and assessed, review the strengths and limitations of available measures (including child and adolescent measures, when available), present important findings related to social behavior, and identify directions for future study.

Encyclopedia of Social Psychology

Encyclopedia of Social Psychology
Author: Roy F. Baumeister,Kathleen D. Vohs
Pages: 1248
ISBN: 9781412916707
Available:
Release: 2007-08-29
Editor: SAGE
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Collects over six hundred entries on topics and concepts within the discipline, including antisocial behaviors, attitude, culture, and social cognition.

The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences Personality Processes and Individuals Differences

The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences  Personality Processes and Individuals Differences
Author: Annamaria Di Fabio,Donald H. Saklofske,Con Stough
Pages: 592
ISBN: 9781119793939
Available:
Release: 2020-11-03
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Volume 3, Personality Processes and Individuals Differences of The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences The Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences (EPID) is organized into four volumes that look at the many likenesses and differences between individuals. Each of these four volumes focuses on a major content area in the study of personality psychology and individuals' differences. The first volume, Models and Theories, surveys the significant classic and contemporary viewpoints, perspectives, models, and theoretical approaches to the study of personality and individuals' differences (PID). The second volume on Measurement and Assessment examines key classic and modern methods and techniques of assessment in the study of PID. Volume III, titled Personality Processes and Individuals Differences, covers the important traditional and current dimensions, constructs, and traits in the study of PID. The final volume discusses three major categories: clinical contributions, applied research, and cross-cultural considerations, and touches on topics such as culture and identity, multicultural identities, cross-cultural examinations of trait structures and personality processes, and more. Each volume contains approximately 100 entries on personality and individual differences written by a diverse international panel of leading psychologists Covers significant classic and contemporary personality psychology models and theories, measurement and assessment techniques, personality processes and individuals differences, and research Provides a comprehensive and in-depth overview of the field of personality psychology The Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences is an important resource for all psychology students and professionals engaging in the study and research of personality.

Neurobiology of Exceptionality

Neurobiology of Exceptionality
Author: Con Stough
Pages: 220
ISBN: 9780306486494
Available:
Release: 2006-09-28
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Nurture or nature? Biology or environment? Why are some people intelligent, or personable, or creative and others obtuse, or shy, or unimaginative? Although each human being is a unique mixture of positive and negative traits and behaviors, the question remains: What is the neurobiological basis for each individual’s makeup? For example, why does one person suffer from a disorder (e.g., ADHD, autism, mental retardation) and another lives free of maladies? These are just some of the issues addressed in detail in Neurobiology of Exceptionality. The introductory chapter provides a broad-based overview of current neurobiological techniques (i.e., terms, procedures, and technologies), which are followed by chapters that offer in-depth examination of the neurobiological bases for: • Impulsive sensation seeking • Creativity • Intelligence • Antisociality • Autism, mental retardation, and Down Syndrome • ADHD • Savant Syndrome This volume provides a one-stop source for clinical psychologists and other allied mental health professionals to access information on a wide range of research on the neurobiology of psychological and psychiatric traits. It is designed to give readers an overview of the current knowledge base of the biological processes for each trait. It is unlikely that any one book could cover all human traits, but the Neurobiology of Exceptionality addresses a wide range of exceptional psychological traits and psychiatric disorders.

Economics of Risky Behavior and Sensation Seeking

Economics of Risky Behavior and Sensation Seeking
Author: Horst Entorf,Peter Winker
Pages: 136
ISBN: 9783110508628
Available:
Release: 2016-11-21
Editor: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences

Biology of Personality and Individual Differences
Author: Turhan Canli
Pages: 462
ISBN: 9781593852528
Available:
Release: 2006-01-23
Editor: Guilford Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This is the first book to provide an overview of current research using cutting-edge genetic and neuroimaging methods in the study of personality. Integrating compelling lines of inquiry that until now have largely remained disparate, the volume brings together leading investigators from personality psychology; clinical psychology and psychiatry; cognitive, affective, and behavioral neuroscience; and comparative psychology. Coverage includes the structure of personality and its mapping onto biology, genetic markers for individual differences and vulnerability towards psychopathology, sex differences and age-related processes, and functional neuroimaging approaches.

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior

Encyclopedia of Human Behavior
Author: Anonim
Pages: 2518
ISBN: 9780080961804
Available:
Release: 2012-01-31
Editor: Academic Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Encyclopedia of Human Behavior, Second Edition is an award-winning three-volume reference on human action and reaction, and the thoughts, feelings, and physiological functions behind those actions. Presented alphabetically by title, 300 articles probe both enduring and exciting new topics in physiological psychology, perception, personality, abnormal and clinical psychology, cognition and learning, social psychology, developmental psychology, language, and applied contexts. Written by leading scientists in these disciplines, every article has been peer-reviewed to establish clarity, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. The most comprehensive reference source to provide both depth and breadth to the study of human behavior, the encyclopedia will again be a much-used reference source. This set appeals to public, corporate, university and college libraries, libraries in two-year colleges, and some secondary schools. Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users—whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology—understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do. Named a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title by the American Library Association's Choice publication Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field Each article features suggested further readings, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedi Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the United States, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom

Buzz

Buzz
Author: Kenneth Carter
Pages: 225
ISBN: 9781108738101
Available:
Release: 2019-10-31
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Are you a thrill-seeker or a chill-seeker? A clinical psychologist lifts the lid on what makes adrenaline junkies tick.

On the Psychobiology of Personality

On the Psychobiology of Personality
Author: Robert M Stelmack
Pages: 552
ISBN: 0080537987
Available:
Release: 2004-11-12
Editor: Elsevier
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Zuckerman received his Ph.D. in psychology from New York University, Graduate School of Arts and Science in 1954 with a specialization in clinical psychology. After graduation, he worked for three years as a clinical psychologist in state hospitals in Norwich, Connecticut and Indianapolis, Indiana. While in the latter position the Institute for Psychiatric Research was opened in the same medical center where he was working as a clinical psychologist. He obtained a position there with a joint appointment in the department of psychiatry. This was his first interdisciplinary experience with other researchers in psychiatry, biochemistry, psychopharmacology, and psychology. His first research areas were personality assessment and the relation between parental attitudes and psychopathology. During this time, he developed the first real trait-state test for affects, starting with the Affect Adjective Check List for anxiety and then broadening it to a three-factor trait-state test including anxiety, depression, and hostility (Multiple Affect Adjective Check List). Later, positive affect scales were added. Toward the end of his years at the institute, the first reports of the effects of sensory deprivation appeared and he began his own experiments in this field. These experiments, supported by grants from NIMH, occupied him for the next 10 years during his time at Brooklyn College, Adelphi University, and the research labs at Albert Einstein Medical Center in Philadelphia. This last job was his second interdisciplinary experience working in close collaboration with Harold Persky who added measures of hormonal changes to the sensory deprivation experiments. He collaborated with Persky in studies of hormonal changes during experimentally (hypnotically) induced emotions. During his time at Einstein, he established relationships with other principal investigators in the area of sensory deprivation and they collaborated on the book Sensory Deprivation: 15 years of research edited by John Zubek (1969). His chapter on theoretical constructs contained the idea of using individual differences in optimal levels of stimulation and arousal as an explanation for some of the variations in response to sensory deprivation. The first sensation seeking scale (SSS) had been developed in the early 1960's based on these constructs. At the time of his move to the University of Delaware in 1969, he turned his full attention to the SSS as the operational measure of the optimal level constructs. This was the time of the drug and sexual revolutions on and off campuses and research relating experience in these areas to the basic trait paid off and is continuing to this day in many laboratories. Two books have been written on this topic: Sensation Seeking: Beyond the Optimal Level of Arousal, 1979; Behavioral Expressions and Biosocial Bases of Sensation Seeking, 1994. Research on sensation seeking in America and countries around the world continues at an unabated level of journal articles, several hundred appearing since the 1994 book on the subject.