Al Qur an the Guidance for Mankind English Translation of the Meanings of Al Qur an with Arabic

Al Qur an  the Guidance for Mankind   English Translation of the Meanings of Al Qur an with Arabic
Author: Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik
Pages: 976
ISBN: 9780911119800
Available:
Release: 2001
Editor: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Al-Qur'an, the Guidance for mankind, is a unique translation of the Holy Qur'an in contemporary American English. It includes the Biography of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, his mission as a Prophet, his ranking as in the human history. Text is paragraphed by theme and theme is written in the margins on each page for easy reference. Its features include - (1) Field Testing the Communication of Divine Message: The unique feature of this translation is its field testing for over 3 1/2 years to improve the communication and understanding of the Divine Message. Translation passages were given to the New Muslim and Non-Muslim high school and college students for reading under the supervision of various Ulema (scholars). After reading, the person was asked to explain as to what he/she understood from the passage. If his/her understanding was the same as is in the Arabic Text of the Holy Qur'an then we concluded that we have been successful in conveying the Divine Message properly. If his/her understanding was different than what the Qur'anic verses were stating, we kept on rewording the translation until those verses were understood properly. It was tremendous patience on part of the participants. May Allah reward them all. (2) Simplicity: In this translation Simple Language and Direct Approach is used for appealing to the common sense of scholars and common people. (3) Understandability: There are no foot notes to refer and no commentary or lengthy explanations to read. All necessary explanations have been incorporated right there in the text with italic type setting to differentiate from the translation of the meanings of Qur'anic Arabic Text. (4) Outline of Pertinent Information: Before the start of each Srah, information relating to its Period of Revelation, Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance has been presented as an outline. Then a summary of the preceding events has been tabulated for the reader to understand the histo! rical background to grasp the full meaning of the Divine Message. (5) Reviews, Input and Approvals: This project was started in 1991 and initial draft completed in 1994. Then the Translation was sent to different Ulema (Scholars) in Town and throughout United States for their review and input. After their reviews and input it was sent to Jme Al-Azhar Al-Sharif in Egypt, Ummal Qur in Saudi Arabia and International Islamic University in Pakistan for their review, input and approval. This translation was published after their reviews and approvals.

English Translation of the Meaning of Al Qur an The Guidance for Mankind English Only

English Translation of the Meaning of Al Qur an  The Guidance for Mankind  English Only
Author: Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik
Pages: 976
ISBN: 9780911119770
Available:
Release: 1997-01-01
Editor: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Al-Qur'an, the Guidance for mankind, is a unique translation of the Holy Qur'an in contemporary American English. It includes the Biography of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, his mission as a Prophet, his ranking as in the human history. Text is paragraphed by theme and theme is written in the margins on each page for easy reference. Its features include - (1) Field Testing the Communication of Divine Message: The unique feature of this translation is its field testing for over 3 1/2 years to improve the communication and understanding of the Divine Message. Translation passages were given to the New Muslim and Non-Muslim high school and college students for reading under the supervision of various Ulema (scholars). After reading, the person was asked to explain as to what he/she understood from the passage. If his/her understanding was the same as is in the Arabic Text of the Holy Qur'an then we concluded that we have been successful in conveying the Divine Message properly. If his/her understanding was different than what the Qur'anic verses were stating, we kept on rewording the translation until those verses were understood properly. It was tremendous patience on part of the participants. May Allah reward them all. (2) Simplicity: In this translation Simple Language and Direct Approach is used for appealing to the common sense of scholars and common people. (3) Understandability: There are no foot notes to refer and no commentary or lengthy explanations to read. All necessary explanations have been incorporated right there in the text with italic type setting to differentiate from the translation of the meanings of Qur'anic Arabic Text. (4) Outline of Pertinent Information: Before the start of each Srah, information relating to its Period of Revelation, Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance has been presented as an outline. Then a summary of the preceding events has been tabulated for the reader to understand the histo! rical background to grasp the full meaning of the Divine Message. (5) Reviews, Input and Approvals: This project was started in 1991 and initial draft completed in 1994. Then the Translation was sent to different Ulema (Scholars) in Town and throughout United States for their review and input. After their reviews and input it was sent to Jme Al-Azhar Al-Sharif in Egypt, Ummal Qur in Saudi Arabia and International Islamic University in Pakistan for their review, input and approval. This translation was published after their reviews and approvals.

A Thematic Commentary on the Qur an

A Thematic Commentary on the Qur  an
Author: Muḥammad Ghazali
Pages: 804
ISBN: 9781565642607
Available:
Release: 2000
Editor: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In a multi-faith world, Islam is widely regarded as dogmatic and exclusivist. Yet in the Qur’an we have a great and worthy example of how to live in diversity, of powerful scriptural tenets that lend themselves precisely to engagement with those of other faiths. As such Islam has much to add to the debate on Religious Pluralism. For Muslims the issue is a delicate one. Aside from being tolerant and respectful of other faiths, advocating freedom of faith, and peaceful coexistence for all humanity, Muslims have to intellectually engage on matters of religious truth whilst defending the validity of their own Islamic tenets. This study is focused on the Qur’anic text. It explores the Qur’anic conception of normative religious pluralism with a view to providing answers to questions such as whether the Qur’an itself regards normative religious pluralism as a value system or simply a method through which the Qur’anic world view can be actualized. In doing so the author corrects some highly controversial misquoted, mistranslated, and/or quoted out of context verses of the Qur’an, including the so-called verse of the sword and the perception of not taking non-Muslims as friends. In reality, the Qur’an calls for freedom of faith and peaceful coexistence, but condemns oppression, religious persecution, and those who initiate hostilities. In this way it not only invokes human dignity, but restores it when it is violated.

Quran

Quran
Author: Talal Itani
Pages: 292
ISBN:
Available:
Release: 2014-08-17
Editor: ClearQuran.com
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Perhaps the best Quran English translation. It is clear, easy to read, and very faithful to the Arabic original. It closely follows the Arabic text, and often reminds the reader of the Arabic original. It uses today's English language, and today's English vocabulary, thus it is easy to read and understand. The flow is smooth, the sentence structure is simple, the meaning is clear. This Quran translation has no interpretations, no footnotes, and no explanations. It is a pure translation of the Quran, from Arabic to English, and it does not try to emphasize any school of thought. The text purely and accurately translates the Holy Quran, from Arabic, into contemporary English. It was translated by a Muslim, who saw firsthand the miracles inside the Quran. His native language is Arabic; his everyday language is American English. For 15 years, he studied the Quran. For many years, he translated speech between his mother and his wife. For a living, he develops quality software. This Quran translation is available in two editions. This edition (A) uses the word "Allah" to refer to the Creator. Edition (B) uses the word "God". Quran Sura 91. The Sun. ash-Shams. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. 1. By the sun and its radiance. 2. And the moon as it follows it. 3. And the day as it reveals it. 4. And the night as it conceals it. 5. And the sky and He who built it. 6. And the earth and He who spread it. 7. And the soul and He who proportioned it. 8. And inspired it with its wickedness and its righteousness. 9. Successful is he who purifies it. 10. Failing is he who corrupts it. 11. Thamood denied in its pride. 12. When it followed its most wicked. 13. The messenger of Allah said to them, "This is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink." 14. But they called him a liar, and hamstrung her. So their Lord crushed them for their sin, and leveled it. 15. And He does not fear its sequel. The Quran is the last Book from the Creator. It contains guidance, mercy, and healing. The Quran is a blessing, within reach.

The Literature of Islam

The Literature of Islam
Author: Paula Youngman Skreslet,Rebecca Skreslet
Pages: 264
ISBN: 9781461673149
Available:
Release: 2006-09-20
Editor: Scarecrow Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

_This book introduces the literature of Islam as it is presented in English translation. For scholars in other fields who need to understand the vast and complex literary heritage of this erudite and vigorous faith community (but are unable to devote years of their lives to achieving a reading proficiency in classical Arabic), for faculty members called upon to teach introductory or survey courses outside their own disciplines, and for graduate students in theology, medieval studies, world religions, or related fields who need access to these primary sources in English translation, The Literature of Islam is a welcome resource. Even lay readers who are interested in understanding the modern Arab or Islamic world may grasp something of the currents of thought and belief through the centuries that produced these important works, which continue to exert a powerful influence upon Muslims today.

The Qur an

The Qur an
Author: Anonim
Pages: 512
ISBN: 0191574074
Available:
Release: 2008-04-17
Editor: OUP Oxford
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

'Read! Your Lord is the Most Bountiful one who taught by the pen, who taught man what he did not know.' The Qur'an, believed by Muslims to be the word of God, was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad 1400 years ago. It is the supreme authority in Islam and the living source of all Islamic teaching; it is a sacred text and a book of guidance, that sets out the creed, rituals, ethics, and laws of the Islamic religion. It has been one of the most influential books in the history of literature. Recognized as the greatest literary masterpiece in Arabic, it has nevertheless remained difficult to understand in its English translations. This new translation is written in a contemporary idiom that remains faithful to the original, making it easy to read while retaining its powers of eloquence. Archaisms and cryptic language are avoided, and the Arabic meaning preserved by respecting the context of the discourse. The message of the Qur'an was directly addressed to all people regardless of class, gender, or age, and this translation is equally accessible to everyone. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Encyclopaedia of Islam

Encyclopaedia of Islam
Author: Ian Richard Netton
Pages: 872
ISBN: 9781135179601
Available:
Release: 2013-12-19
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This Encyclopedia covers the full range of Islamic thought. It takes substantial note of contemporary trends across the Muslim world, and the material on historical Islam has contemporary reference.

Environmental Ethics From A Faith Based Perspective

Environmental Ethics From A Faith Based Perspective
Author: Safraz Bacchus
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781525556753
Available:
Release: 2020-04-24
Editor: FriesenPress
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Many Scientists and researchers have proven that the human relationship with nature is broken. It remains important that we understand how this broken relationship has directly and drastically impacted the air we breathe, the soil we depend on for food production, and the water we consume for our collective survival. It is incumbent upon leaders of all religions, classes, countries, and nations to work towards solving these pressing environmental issues. For the purpose of this manuscript, I will be delving into the Islamic scriptures in order to offer an answer to the major questions affecting mankind. According to the Islamic requirements of faith, maintaining our natural environment is perhaps one of the highest demands prescribed to human beings. Therefore, addressing environmental issues from an Islamic perspective may offer substantial solutions towards the recovery of earth, and the mending of our broken relationship with that which is natural but slowly becoming extinct.

Comparing the Qur an and the Bible

Comparing the Qur an and the Bible
Author: Rick Richter
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781441237484
Available:
Release: 2011-11-01
Editor: Baker Books
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Engagement with the Muslim world and Muslim people is inevitable for Christians. After all, Islam is the fastest-growing religion in the United States. But what does the Qur'an really say about things like Jesus, war, and non-Muslims? What does the Bible say on these matters? If Christians are to engage in informed, loving conversation with their Muslim neighbors, they need to be equipped with more than the often-specious talking points they glean from the news or email forwards. Comparing the Qur'an and the Bible offers readers an unprecedented collection of Scriptures and doctrines of both faiths presented side by side for easy study and comparison, covering such key issues as Jesus Abraham creation angels/jinn jihad the fall of humankind predestination ransom for sin/sacrifice grace rebirth God/Allah women marriage and divorce homosexuality suicide resurrection judgment Paradise prayer A brief explanation of each passage in the Qur'an and the Bible is given, as well as biblical answers to Islamic teaching. The book also motivates readers to have hearts for Muslims and seek to bring them to Christ, offering "door openers" to sharing the Good News. This indispensible collection will be treasured by anyone seeking to understand and engage their Muslim neighbors.

Quran

Quran
Author: Talal Itani
Pages: 668
ISBN: 9780986136818
Available:
Release: 2015-02-12
Editor: ClearQuran
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Quran with parallel English translation. Clear Arabic. Modern English. Easy to read. Arabic text is sharp, beautiful, and easy to follow. English translation is simple, easy to understand, and faithful to the Arabic. Ayas are written individually, for convenient learning. Arabic and English are in parallel, for continuous reading. The Quran is the word of God, revealed to humanity, though the Messenger Muhammad. The Quran is the direct speech of God, to the reader. The Quran contains guidance, mercy, and healing. It is the eternal truth, the everlasting miracle. The Quran is beyond doubt from the Lord of the Universe. God is the Creator of the Heavens and Earth. He is the Supreme, the Almighty, the Wise. God was never begotten, nor does He ever beget others. He is the Lord of the Worlds, the Most High, the Forgiving. Out of his Mercy, he communicated with humanity, and informed humanity about His existence. The Quran is the last Book from God, revealed in the Arabic language. The translation is in contemporary English. It uses today’s English language, and today’s English vocabulary; more importantly, it is very accurate. The translation closely follows the Arabic text. Punctuation is the same. The meaning is the same. The reader can read a verse in Arabic, then the translation; learn the verse, and understand the meaning. This book is perhaps the ultimate Quran learning tool. The Quran is a blessing, within easy reach.

Origin and Fate of Universe

Origin and Fate of Universe
Author: Jamshed Akhtar
Pages: 329
ISBN:
Available:
Release: 2017-05-06
Editor: Jamshed Akhtar
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Combining epistemology study of its ancient text with scientific research, the researcher reveals from Quran, a universe much more interesting and mysterious than any fictional narrative. The information, presented in a grid like structure, is likely to help in the progressive scientific development of the world and also corroborate components connected to deeper pointers in it

The Influence of Translation on the Arabic Language

The Influence of Translation on the Arabic Language
Author: Mohamed Siddig Abdalla
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9781527519916
Available:
Release: 2018-10-19
Editor: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book explores the influence of translation on the Arabic language, with particular emphasis on the translation of English idioms by journalists working at Arabic satellite TV stations, using a mixed-method approach (quantitative and qualitative). It begins from a belief that the impact of broadcast media on Arabic speakers is more instant, wider and farther-reaching than that caused or triggered by any other branch of mass media, as not all features of television appear in other media. The book focuses on idioms because of the difficulties associated with translating them, and also because the literature review revealed inadequacy in understanding this intriguing part of the development of the Arabic language. In contrast to other similar titles, the book examines the possible factors causing journalists to resort to idiom literalisation, including those relating to demographic characteristics. The main significance of this book is that it has practical implications for its potential audience, both practitioners and professional peers. It provides information to enable media translators and lexicographers to become more sensitive towards the logico-semantic relationships present in idiomatic expressions, and to improve their application of idiomatic expressions in their translations. Overall, the results presented here will serve to guide media translators and lexicographers’ choice in the usage of idioms to produce better quality translations and dictionaries. This insight is important not only to translators and lexicographers, but also to language teachers and students of translation. Pedagogically, the findings of the current book will encourage translation teachers to reconsider their strategies for teaching English idioms. Students of translation and English language learners in general will also benefit from the results of this book.

The Quran With or Against the Bible

The Quran  With or Against the Bible
Author: Ejaz Naqvi, MD
Pages: 396
ISBN: 9781475907766
Available:
Release: 2012-06-11
Editor: iUniverse
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Too often we are tempted into thinking how wrong other people’s religions and scriptures are, rather than focusing on what’s right about our own. We act like some of our politicians during election campaigns rather than following the teachings of our own holy books. Breaking the trend, author Dr. Ejaz Naqvi provides an objective, topic-by-topic review of the two most read books in the world—the Holy Bible and the Holy Quran. The Quran: With or Against the Bible? addresses the key themes of the Quran and answers commonly asked questions in search of finding common ground: • Who wrote the Quran? • Who is the “God” of the Quran? • What is the Quranic view of the prophets, especially Moses and Jesus? • What does the Quran teach about interfaith relations? • Does the Quran promote peace and harmony between Muslims and the People of the Book, or does it promote violence? • How does the Quran compare to the Bible on important themes like worshipping God, the prophets, human rights, moral values, and fighting for justice and human dignity? • Does the Quran render women as second-class citizens? Dispelling major myths, The Quran: With or Against the Bible? Systematically analyzes and compares the similarities in the paths of guidance the two scriptures have bestowed upon mankind.

Summary of Holy Quran

Summary of Holy Quran
Author: Nagina Kanwal,Muhammad Farooq
Pages: 102
ISBN: 1701090422
Available:
Release: 2019-10-19
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Quran is the book of Guidance for humanity. This book has summarized the chapters of the Quran. There are two summaries of every chapter. The first summary gives a brief description of the discussed topics in every chapter. The second summary provides a detailed description. The language used in this very simple plane and easy to understand. We hope, that you will find it useful and it will help you in understanding the book's message of the book of guidance.

The Meaning of T

The Meaning of T
Author: Abdullah Yusuf Ali
Pages: 1758
ISBN: 0915957329
Available:
Release: 1993
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

What is Islam Who are the Muslims

What is Islam Who are the Muslims
Author: Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik
Pages: 32
ISBN: 9780981943909
Available:
Release: 2008
Editor: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This Booklet is available in English as well as in Spanish. It is full color and is especially designed as a Da‘wah tool to built the bridge between Muslims and non-Muslims. It is an excellent effort to promote the understanding about Muslims and Islam and has been declared as one of the best Da'wah material available. Booklet carries the following topics: ISLAM What is Islam? Is Islam a new Religion? What is the distinctive Feature of Islam? How does Islam relate to Mankind? MUSLIMS Who are the Muslims? What are the Pillars of Faith? Why Muslims use the word ‘Allah’ instead of ‘God’? How does someone become a Muslim? PROPHETHOOD What is Prophethood in Islam? Who is Muhammad? What is Sunnah? What does Islam say about Torah and Bible? How Islam views Judaism and Christianity? What does Islam say about Original Sin? What does Islam say about Jesus? QUR'AN What is the Qur'an? Does Islam recognize Science and Technology? WORSHIP What is Worship in Islam? What are the Five Pillars of Islam? What is the Ka'bah? COMMUNITY What are Human Rights in Islam? What is Jihad in Islam? What is Islamic Dress Code? How does Islam view Family Life? What is the Status of Women in Islam? What is Marriage in Islam? Why is More than One Wife permitted in Islam? What does Islam say about Parents and Elderly? What does Islam say about Food? What does Islam say about Intoxicants and Gambling? What Islam say about Business Interaction? CONCEPTS What is the concept of God in Islam? What is the concept of Life in Islam? What is the concept of Life after Death in Islam? What is the concept of Sin in Islam?

The Miraculous Language of the Qur an

The Miraculous Language of the Qur an
Author: Musfir bin Ali al-Qahtani
Pages: 94
ISBN: 9781565646650
Available:
Release: 2015-01-12
Editor: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This study illustrates why the language of the Qur'an is miraculous, unique, and evidence of divine authority. The author compares the language of the Qur'an with the language of pre-Islamic poetry, the Prophet's words (hadith), and the language of the Arabs both past and present, to demonstrate that although the Qur'an was revealed in Arabic it was at the same time an Arabic which was entirely new. Original and early Muslim audiences viewed this as miraculous and responded to the Qur'an's words, sounds, rhythms, etc. in a manner consistent with a deeper appreciation of its beauty and majesty which modern ears, trained by familiarity, and despite being surrounded by all manner of dictionaries and studies, are at a loss to capture. The author attempts to remove this veil and present the Qur'an to readers as if hearing it for the first time, to bring to life some of this wonder. In doing so he guides readers to appreciate the beauty of the Qur'an, to become more immersed in it, and to have a clearer understanding of its structure and flow. Devoting special attention to Surah Al Muddaththir, to underpin his analysis, Saeh thus brings the Revelation to life, to demonstrate that each surah has distinct features and characteristics that make it stand out uniquely within the design and sweep of the whole.

Spanish Translation of the Meanings of Al Qur an

Spanish Translation of the Meanings of Al Qur an
Author: Dr. Haroon-ur-Rashid Malik, Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik
Pages: 749
ISBN: 9780981943923
Available:
Release: 2021
Editor: The Institute of Islamic Knowledge
Language: es

Explanation of the Book:

The Message of Allah, the Qur’an, has four rights: Qir‘at (to read it) Tilawat (to understand and act upon its guidance) Tadabbur (to comprehend its teachings) and Balaghat (to preach and convey its Message). The right of “Balaghat” - was made a mandatory Assignment for the Muslim Ummah The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, has clearly stated this assignment of the Muslim Ummah in the following words: “Ballaghû Annee Walo Âyah - Convey from me even if you have the knowledge of one Âyah.” In another Hadith he said: “O Muslims: The best among you are those who learn and teach the Qur’an.” At Hajja-tul-Wid‘a Rasool Allah, peace be upon him, said: “O you, who are here, convey this message to those who are not here.” Al-Hamdulillah, this publication, Al-Qur’an - the Guidance for mankind, is meant to fulfill all these four rights of the Qur’an: It’s Arabic text is to read (Qir‘at), translation of its meanings in contemporary easy American Language is to understand and act upon its guidance (Tilawat), information about Major Issues, Divine Laws and Guidance prior to the translation of each Sûrah is to comprehend its teachings (Tadabbur), and its distribution to Public Libraries, Muslims and non-Muslims at large is to convey its Message (Balaghat). We are inviting every one to join us in this mighty effort of Jihâd-bil-Qur’an in which Brothers as well as Sisters can participate equally. Since all personal working for this project are volunteers, therefore, 100% of the contributions are used for printing Al-Qur’an and making it available to Muslims and non-Muslims. Zaka-tul-Mall can also be used for this purpose. If you would like to get more information, pleasewrite us or visit our websites (Al-Quraan.org). If you want to sponsor its printing and distribution, make your Tax Deductable contributions to ‘Al-Qur’an Trust Fund.'

The Unfortunate Destiny of Our Planet and Us

The Unfortunate Destiny of Our Planet    and Us
Author: Lennart Wingardh
Pages: 160
ISBN: 9781646108640
Available:
Release: 2020-05-19
Editor: Dorrance Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Unfortunate Destiny of Our Planet... and Us By: Lennart Wingardh Prophecies of the end of the world began to interest Lennart Wingardh in 1981, after reading Prophecies & Predictions Everybody’s Guide to the Coming Changes by Moira Timms. He found that God’s ancient prophecies were revealed in the Jewish Bible and in the Book of Revelation and were later on complement, very extensively, in the Qur’an. It is the aspiration of this book that the reader shall realize that the ancient prophecies are real and that they were given by God to provide the understanding that will help you change your life.

Ulum al Qur an

Ulum al Qur an
Author: Ahmad Von Denffer
Pages: 200
ISBN: 9780860376217
Available:
Release: 2015-07-02
Editor: Kube Publishing Ltd
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This classic and popular introduction to the sciences developed to interpret and understand Islam's holy book is ideal for all serious students of the Koran. Precise, yet comprehensive, it covers the traditional disciplines, including the meaning and contexts of revelation, the history and transmission of the text, and exegesis, as well as more contemporary topics like the recording of the Koran, the history of Orientalist approaches, and a survey of translations. It ends with a guide for the correct recitation of, and etiquette toward, the Koran. Chapter 1: The Qur'an and Revelation Chapter 2: Transmission of the Qur'anic Revelation Chapter 3: The Qur'an in Manuscript and Print Chapter 4: Form, Language and Style Chapter 5: Understanding the Text Chapter 6: Interpreting the Text Chapter 7: Some Related Issues Chapter 8: Reading and Studying the Qur'an Ahmad Von Denffer was born in Germany in 1949. He studied Islamics and Social Anthropology at the Universty of Mainz, where he also attended additional courses in the Department of Missiology. His special interests include Christian-Muslim relations. He has made a number of contributions to scholarly journals and has several publications to his credit. He joined the Islamic Foundation as Research Fellow in 1978 and is presently working with the Islamic Centre, Munich.