A Little Life

A Little Life
Author: Hanya Yanagihara
Pages: 736
ISBN: 9780385539265
Available:
Release: 2015-03-10
Editor: Anchor
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR The New York Times • The Washington Post • The Wall Street Journal • NPR • Vanity Fair • Vogue • Minneapolis Star Tribune • St. Louis Post-Dispatch • The Guardian • O, The Oprah Magazine • Slate • Newsday • Buzzfeed • The Economist • Newsweek • People • Kansas City Star • Shelf Awareness • Time Out New York • Huffington Post • Book Riot • Refinery29 • Bookpage • Publishers Weekly • Kirkus WINNER OF THE KIRKUS PRIZE • A MAN BOOKER PRIZE FINALIST • A NATIONAL BOOK AWARD FINALIST A Little Life follows four college classmates—broke, adrift, and buoyed only by their friendship and ambition—as they move to New York in search of fame and fortune. While their relationships, which are tinged by addiction, success, and pride, deepen over the decades, the men are held together by their devotion to the brilliant, enigmatic Jude, a man scarred by an unspeakable childhood trauma. A hymn to brotherly bonds and a masterful depiction of love in the twenty-first century, Hanya Yanagihara’s stunning novel is about the families we are born into, and those that we make for ourselves.

A Little Life

A Little Life
Author: Hanya Yanagihara
Pages: 640
ISBN: 9781743539064
Available:
Release: 2015-05-21
Editor: Picador
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

SHORTLISTED FOR THE MAN BOOKER PRIZE 2015 "Astonishing and unsettling ... A masterwork" San Francisco Chronicle "A book that demands to be read." Wall Street Journal The million copy bestseller, A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara, is an immensely powerful and heartbreaking novel of brotherly love and the limits of human endurance. When four graduates from a small Massachusetts college move to New York to make their way, they're broke, adrift, and buoyed only by their friendship and ambition. There is kind, handsome Willem, an aspiring actor; JB, a quick-witted, sometimes cruel Brooklyn-born painter seeking entry to the art world; Malcolm, a frustrated architect at a prominent firm; and withdrawn, brilliant, enigmatic Jude, who serves as their centre of gravity. Over the decades, their relationships deepen and darken, tinged by addiction, success, and pride. Yet their greatest challenge, each comes to realize, is Jude himself, by midlife a terrifyingly talented litigator yet an increasingly broken man, his mind and body scarred by an unspeakable childhood, and haunted by what he fears is a degree of trauma that he'll not only be unable to overcome - but that will define his life forever. ACCLAIM FOR A LITTLE LIFE Shortlisted for the Baileys Prize for Women's Fiction 2016 Winner of The Kirkus Prize 2015 Finalist for the National Book Awards 2015 "Transporting . . . A Little Life is not to be missed." Evening Standard "The first must-read novel of the year" Kirkus "A singularly profound and moving work . . . It's not often that you read a book of this length and find yourself thinking "I wish it was longer" but Yanagihara takes you so deeply into the lives and minds of these characters that you struggle to leave them behind." The Times "Makes for near-hypnotically compelling reading, a vivid, hyperreal portrait of human existence that demands intense emotional investment . . . An astonishing achievement: a novel of grand drama and sentiment, but it's a canvas Yanagihara has painted with delicate, subtle brushstrokes." Independent "Utterly compelling . . . quite an extraordinary novel. It is impossible to put down . . . And it is almost impossible to forget." Daily Express

A Little Life

A Little Life
Author: Hanya Yanagihara
Pages: 720
ISBN: 9781447294849
Available:
Release: 2015-05-21
Editor: Pan Macmillan
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize 2015. Shortlisted for the Baileys Prize for Women's Fiction 2016. Finalist for the National Book Awards 2015. The million copy bestseller, A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara, is an immensely powerful and heartbreaking novel of brotherly love and the limits of human endurance. When four graduates from a small Massachusetts college move to New York to make their way, they're broke, adrift, and buoyed only by their friendship and ambition. There is kind, handsome Willem, an aspiring actor; JB, a quick-witted, sometimes cruel Brooklyn-born painter seeking entry to the art world; Malcolm, a frustrated architect at a prominent firm; and withdrawn, brilliant, enigmatic Jude, who serves as their centre of gravity. Over the decades, their relationships deepen and darken, tinged by addiction, success, and pride. Yet their greatest challenge, each comes to realize, is Jude himself, by midlife a terrifyingly talented litigator yet an increasingly broken man, his mind and body scarred by an unspeakable childhood, and haunted by what he fears is a degree of trauma that he'll not only be unable to overcome – but that will define his life forever.

The People in the Trees

The People in the Trees
Author: Hanya Yanagihara
Pages: 384
ISBN: 9780385536783
Available:
Release: 2013-08-13
Editor: Anchor
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Readers of exciting, challenging and visionary literary fiction—including admirers of Norman Rush's Mating, Ann Patchett's State of Wonder, Barbara Kingsolver's The Poisonwood Bible, and Peter Matthiessen's At Play in the Fields of the Lord—will be drawn to this astonishingly gripping and accomplished first novel. A decade in the writing, this is an anthropological adventure story that combines the visceral allure of a thriller with a profound and tragic vision of what happens when cultures collide. It is a book that instantly catapults Hanya Yanagihara into the company of young novelists who really, really matter. In 1950, a young doctor called Norton Perina signs on with the anthropologist Paul Tallent for an expedition to the remote Micronesian island of Ivu'ivu in search of a rumored lost tribe. They succeed, finding not only that tribe but also a group of forest dwellers they dub "The Dreamers," who turn out to be fantastically long-lived but progressively more senile. Perina suspects the source of their longevity is a hard-to-find turtle; unable to resist the possibility of eternal life, he kills one and smuggles some meat back to the States. He scientifically proves his thesis, earning worldwide fame and the Nobel Prize, but he soon discovers that its miraculous property comes at a terrible price. As things quickly spiral out of his control, his own demons take hold, with devastating personal consequences.

A Little Life

A Little Life
Author: Hanya Yanagihara
Pages: 720
ISBN: 1447294815
Available:
Release: 2015-08-13
Editor: Picador
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize 2015A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara is an immensely powerful and heartbreaking novel of brotherly love and the limits of human endurance.When four graduates from a small Massachusetts college move to New York to make their way, they're broke, adrift, and buoyed only by their friendship and ambition. There is kind, handsome Willem, an aspiring actor; JB, a quick-witted, sometimes cruel Brooklyn-born painter seeking entry to the art world; Malcolm, a frustrated architect at a prominent firm; and withdrawn, brilliant, enigmatic Jude, who serves as their centre of gravity. Over the decades, their relationships deepen and darken, tinged by addiction, success, and pride. Yet their greatest challenge, each comes to realize, is Jude himself, by midlife a terrifyingly talented litigator yet an increasingly broken man, his mind and body scarred by an unspeakable childhood, and haunted by what he fears is a degree of trauma that he'll not only be unable to overcome - but that will define his life forever.

A Big Little Life

A Big Little Life
Author: Dean Koontz
Pages: 271
ISBN: 9780345530608
Available:
Release: 2011
Editor: Bantam
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The author presents a tribute to his late golden retriever, Trixie, that describes his family's adoption of the retired service animal, the numerous lessons he learned throughout their relationship, and the family's grief upon her passing.

Summary of a Little Life

Summary of a Little Life
Author: Instaread
Pages: 36
ISBN: 1530127424
Available:
Release: 2016-02-18
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara | Summary & Analysis Preview: A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara tells the story of Jude St. Francis and the people in his life. Jude, left partially disabled by a terrifying injury as a teenager, is distraught about his past and hides most of that past and himself from others, even those closest to him. The relationships he forms as a young and older adult sustain him longer than he ever expected to live, but in the end, Jude has faced too much abuse and heartache to go on. Jude was left as an infant by his unknown parents in the care of a monastery, where he grew up being taught--and physically and sexually abused--by several men. Jude developed a trusting relationship with one of the monks, Brother Luke. Jude and Brother Luke ran away from the monastery, but Brother Luke sold Jude as a child prostitute out of motel rooms... Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of A Little Life: * Summary of book * Introduction to the Important People in the book * Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style About the Author With Instaread, you can get the summary and analysis of a book in 15 minutes. We read every chapter, summarize and analyze it for your convenience.

Absolute Beginners

Absolute Beginners
Author: Colin MacInnes
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9780749011406
Available:
Release: 2011-10-06
Editor: Allison & Busby
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

‘I swore by Elvis and all the saints that this last teenage year of mine was going to be a real rave. Yes, man, come whatever, this last year of the teenage dream I was out for kicks and fantasy’ London, 1958. A new phenomenon is causing a stir: the teenager. In the smoky jazz clubs of Soho and the coffee bars of Notting Hill the young and the restless – the absolute beginners – are revolutionising youth culture and forging a new carefree lifestyle of sex, drugs and rock‘n’roll. Moving in the midst of this world of mods and rockers, Teddy gangs and trads., and snapping every scene with his trusty Rolleiflex, is MacInnes’ young photographer, whose unique wit and honest views remain the definitive account of London life in the 1950s and what it means to be a teenager. In this twentieth century cult classic, MacInnes captures the spirit of a generation and creates the style bible for anyone interested in Mod culture, and the changing face of London in the era of the first race riots and the lead up to the swinging Sixties...

Serpent Dove

Serpent   Dove
Author: Shelby Mahurin
Pages: 560
ISBN: 9780062878045
Available:
Release: 2019-09-03
Editor: HarperCollins
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

New York Times Bestseller * Indiebound Bestseller * An Amazon Best Book of 2019 * B&N's YA Book Club Pick "A brilliant debut, full of everything I love: a sparkling and fully realized heroine, an intricate and deadly system of magic, and a searing romance that kept me reading long into the night. Serpent & Dove is an absolute gem of a book." —Sarah J. Maas, #1 New York Times bestselling author of A Court of Thorns and Roses series Bound as one, to love, honor, or burn. Book one of a stunning fantasy trilogy, this tale of witchcraft and forbidden love is perfect for fans of Kendare Blake and Sara Holland. Two years ago, Louise le Blanc fled her coven and took shelter in the city of Cesarine, forsaking all magic and living off whatever she could steal. There, witches like Lou are hunted. They are feared. And they are burned. As a huntsman of the Church, Reid Diggory has lived his life by one principle: Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. But when Lou pulls a wicked stunt, the two are forced into an impossible situation—marriage. Lou, unable to ignore her growing feelings, yet powerless to change what she is, must make a choice. And love makes fools of us all. Don't miss Gods & Monsters, the spellbinding conclusion of this epic trilogy, coming July 2021!

A Little Life

A Little Life
Author: Instaread
Pages: 41
ISBN: 9781944195670
Available:
Release: 2016-01-25
Editor: Instaread
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara | Summary & Analysis Preview: A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara tells the story of Jude St. Francis and the people in his life. Jude, left partially disabled by a terrifying injury as a teenager, is distraught about his past and hides most of that past and himself from others, even those closest to him. The relationships he forms as a young and older adult sustain him longer than he ever expected to live, but in the end, Jude has faced too much abuse and heartache to go on. Jude was left as an infant by his unknown parents in the care of a monastery, where he grew up being taught—and physically and sexually abused—by several men. Jude developed a trusting relationship with one of the monks, Brother Luke. Jude and Brother Luke ran away from the monastery, but Brother Luke sold Jude as a child prostitute out of motel rooms… PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of A Little Life: • Summary of book • Introduction to the Important People in the book • Analysis of the Themes and Author’s Style

Spill Simmer Falter Wither

Spill Simmer Falter Wither
Author: Sara Baume
Pages: 290
ISBN: 9780544716223
Available:
Release: 2016-03-08
Editor: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Winner of the Rooney Prize for Irish Literature * Winner of the Sunday Independent Newcomer of the Year Award * Short-listed for the Costa First Novel Award * Long-listed for the Desmond Elliott Prize * Long-listed for the Guardian First Book Award 2015, Readers’ Choice * Long-listed for the Warwick Prize for Writing 2015 * Long-listed for 2015 Edinburgh First Novel Award “A deeply attuned portrait of the human mind...An unsettling literary surprise of the best sort.”—Atlantic “This book is like a flame in daylight: beautiful and unexpected.”—Anne Enright It is springtime, and two outcasts—a man ignored, even shunned by his village, and the one-eyed dog he takes into his quiet, tightly shuttered life—find each other, by accident or fate, and forge an unlikely connection. As their friendship grows, their small, seaside town falsely perceives menace where there is only mishap—and the duo must take to the road. Gorgeously written in poetic and mesmerizing prose, Spill Simmer Falter Wither is one of those rare stories that utterly and completely imagines its way into a life most of us would never see. It transforms us in our understanding not only of the world, but also of ourselves. “A man-and-his-dog story like no other.”—San Francisco Chronicle “[Spill Simmer Falter Wither] hums with its own distinctiveness.”— Guardian (UK) “A tour de force...A stunning and wonderful achievement by a writer touched by greatness.” —Joseph O’Connor, for the Irish Times

The Group

The Group
Author: Mary McCarthy
Pages: 487
ISBN: 9781480438231
Available:
Release: 2013-08-06
Editor: Open Road Media
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This smash bestseller about privileged Vassar classmates shocked America in the sixties and remains “juicy . . . witty . . . brilliant” (Cosmopolitan). At Vassar, they were known as “the group”—eight young women of privilege, the closest of friends, an eclectic mix of vibrant personalities. A week after graduation in 1933, they all gather for the wedding of Kay Strong, one of their own, before going their separate ways in the world. In the years that follow, they will each know accomplishment and loss in equal measure, pursuing careers and marriage, experiencing the joys and traumas of sexual awakening and motherhood, all while suffering through betrayals, infidelities, and sometimes madness. Some of them will drift apart. Some will play important roles in the personal dramas of others. But it is tragedy that will ultimately unite the group once again. A novel that stunned the world when it was first published in 1963, Mary McCarthy’s The Group found acclaim, controversy, and a place atop the New York Times bestseller list for nearly two years for its frank and controversial exploration of women’s issues, social concerns, and sexuality. A blistering satire of the mores of an emergent generation of women, The Group is McCarthy’s enduring masterpiece, still as relevant, powerful, and wonderfully entertaining fifty years on. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Mary McCarthy including rare images from the author’s estate.

Summary Analysis of a Little Life

Summary   Analysis of a Little Life
Author: Instaread
Pages: 36
ISBN: 1523697601
Available:
Release: 2016-01-25
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara | Summary & Analysis Preview: A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara tells the story of Jude St. Francis and the people in his life. Jude, left partially disabled by a terrifying injury as a teenager, is distraught about his past and hides most of that past and himself from others, even those closest to him. The relationships he forms as a young and older adult sustain him longer than he ever expected to live, but in the end, Jude has faced too much abuse and heartache to go on. Jude was left as an infant by his unknown parents in the care of a monastery, where he grew up being taught--and physically and sexually abused--by several men. Jude developed a trusting relationship with one of the monks, Brother Luke. Jude and Brother Luke ran away from the monastery, but Brother Luke sold Jude as a child prostitute out of motel rooms... Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of A Little Life: * Summary of book * Introduction to the Important People in the book * Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style About the Author With Instaread, you can get the summary and analysis of a book in 15 minutes. We read every chapter, summarize and analyze it for your convenience.

It s a Long Way Down

It s a Long Way Down
Author: Ian Canon
Pages: 264
ISBN: 1775139514
Available:
Release: 2018-04-02
Editor: Ian Cooney
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

To the outside world, David Emmeret Smith has it all. He's at the height of his acting career, is the envy of his peers, and is in a loving, committed relationship. But, on the cusp of the biggest night of his life, one impulsive decision after another begins a downward spiral which puts everything he holds dear at risk. What follows from there is a hedonist's love affair with drugs, depravity, and destruction.

Guide to Hanya Yanagihara s a Little Life

Guide to Hanya Yanagihara s a Little Life
Author: Hanya Yanagihara,Eureka
Pages: 32
ISBN: 1545092524
Available:
Release: 2017-03-31
Editor: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS A GUIDE TO THE ORIGINAL BOOK. Guide to Hanya Yanagihara's A Little Life Preview: A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara tells the story of Jude St. Francis and the people in his life. Jude, left partially disabled by a terrifying injury as a teenager, is distraught about his past and hides most of that past and himself from others, even those closest to him. The relationships he forms as a young and older adult sustain him longer than he ever expected to live, but in the end, Jude has faced too much abuse and heartache to go on... Inside this companion: - Summary of the book - Important People - Character Analysis - Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style

In the Dust of This Planet

In the Dust of This Planet
Author: Eugene Thacker
Pages: 179
ISBN: 9781780990101
Available:
Release: 2011-08-26
Editor: John Hunt Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The world is increasingly unthinkable, a world of planetary disasters, emerging pandemics, and the looming threat of extinction. In this book Eugene Thacker suggests that we look to the genre of horror as offering a way of thinking about the unthinkable world. To confront this idea is to confront the limit of our ability to understand the world in which we live - a central motif of the horror genre. In the Dust of This Planet explores these relationships between philosophy and horror. In Thacker's hands, philosophy is not academic logic-chopping; instead, it is the thought of the limit of all thought, especially as it dovetails into occultism, demonology, and mysticism. Likewise, Thacker takes horror to mean something beyond the focus on gore and scare tactics, but as the under-appreciated genre of supernatural horror in fiction, film, comics, and music.

Housing First

Housing First
Author: Deborah Padgett,Sam J. Tsemberis
Pages: 248
ISBN: 9780199989805
Available:
Release: 2015-11-03
Editor: Oxford University Press, USA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book is the first to chronicle the story of Housing First (HF), a paradigm-shifting evidence-based approach to ending homelessness that began in New York City in 1992 and rapidly spread to other cities nationally and internationally. The authors report on the rise of a 'homeless industry' of shelters and transitional housing programs that the HF approach directly challenged by rejecting the usual demands of treatment, sobriety and housing readiness. Based upon principles of consumer choice, harm reduction and immediate access to permanent independent housing in the community, HF was initially greeted with skepticism and resistance from the 'industry'. However, rigorous experiments testing HF against 'usual care' produced consistent findings that the approach produced greater housing stability, lower use of drugs, and alcohol and cost savings. This evidence base, in conjunction with media accounts of HF's success, led to widespread adoption in the U.S., Canada, Western Europe, and Australia. The book traces the history of homelessness and the rapid growth of the publically funded homeless industry, an amalgam of religious and philanthropic organizations, advocacy groups, and non-profits that were insufficient to stem the tide of homelessness resulting from dramatic reductions in affordable housing in the 1980s and continuing to the present day. The authors summarize research findings on HF and include a chapter of personal stories of individuals who have experienced HF. Unique to this book is the participation of the founder of HF (Tsemberis) and well-known research on HF by the co-authors (Padgett and Henwood). Also unique is the deployment of theories-organizational, institutional and implementation-to conceptually frame the rise of HF and its wide adoption as well as the resistance that arose in some places. Highly readable yet informative and scholarly, this book addresses wider issues of innovation and systems change in social and human services.

The Secret Life of Groceries

The Secret Life of Groceries
Author: Benjamin Lorr
Pages: 352
ISBN: 9780553459401
Available:
Release: 2020-09-08
Editor: Penguin
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In the tradition of Fast Food Nation and The Omnivore's Dilemma, an extraordinary investigation into the human lives at the heart of the American grocery store What does it take to run the American supermarket? How do products get to shelves? Who sets the price? And who suffers the consequences of increased convenience end efficiency? In this alarming exposé, author Benjamin Lorr pulls back the curtain on this highly secretive industry. Combining deep sourcing, immersive reporting, and compulsively readable prose, Lorr leads a wild investigation in which we learn: • The secrets of Trader Joe’s success from Trader Joe himself • Why truckers call their job “sharecropping on wheels” • What it takes for a product to earn certification labels like “organic” and “fair trade” • The struggles entrepreneurs face as they fight for shelf space, including essential tips, tricks, and traps for any new food business • The truth behind the alarming slave trade in the shrimp industry The result is a page-turning portrait of an industry in flux, filled with the passion, ingenuity, and exploitation required to make this everyday miracle continue to function. The product of five years of research and hundreds of interviews across every level of the industry, The Secret Life of Groceries delivers powerful social commentary on the inherently American quest for more and the social costs therein.

Playing Nice

Playing Nice
Author: JP Delaney
Pages: 384
ISBN: 9780385693844
Available:
Release: 2020-07-28
Editor: Doubleday Canada
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A couple's pleasant little life is upended by the revelation that their son was switched at birth in this gripping psychological thriller from the New York Times bestselling author of The Girl Before. Pete Riley stays at home; his partner, Maddie, is the breadwinner. He spends his days browsing parenting blogs, where no concern is too trivial, and pacifying their rambunctious son, Theo. Then, one day, a knock at the door. Miles and Lucy, a posh and near-perfect couple, tell Pete something shocking: Theo isn't his son. Their children were switched at the hospital. At first, the couples are determined to reach a mutual agreement. They're all nice, rational people--surely they can sort this out between them. But soon their precarious arrangement--of babysitting, play dates and shared parenthood--begins to erode under the weight of perceived slights, hidden anxieties and petty jealousies. It isn't long before Miles reveals himself to be cold, commanding and aggressive. When he brings a custody case against the Rileys, suddenly their parenting abilities are under suspicion and their private lives become ammunition. That's when their damaging secrets are exposed, their relationship tested to its breaking point. They might teach their son to share and behave, to say "please" and "thank you," but when it comes to protecting their little family, Pete and Maddie are through with playing nice.

The Beguiling

The Beguiling
Author: Zsuzsi Gartner
Pages: 288
ISBN: 9780735239364
Available:
Release: 2020-09-22
Editor: Penguin
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

“One of the best reads of the year.”—Toronto Star One of The Globe and Mail’s “100 favourite books of 2020.” On CBC’s list of the “best Canadian fiction of 2020.” An electrifying debut novel from the Giller Prize-shortlisted author of Better Living Through Plastic Explosives that takes readers for a wild ride with urban-gothic flair and delectably wicked humour. Lucy is a lapsed-Catholic whose adolescent pretensions to sainthood are unexpectedly revived. It all starts when her cousin Zoltan, in hospital following a bizarre incident at a party, offers her a disturbing deathbed confession. Lucy's grief takes an unusual turn: Zoltan's death appears to have turned her into a magnet for the unshriven. Lucy is transformed into a self-described "flesh-and-blood Wailing Wall" as strangers unburden themselves to her. She becomes addicted to the dark stories, finds herself jonesing for hit after hit. As the confessions pile up, Lucy begins to wonder if Zoltan's death was as random and unscripted as it appeared. She clutches at alarming synchronicities, seeks meaning in the stories of strangers. Why do the stories seem connected to each other or eerily echo elements of her life? Could it be because Lucy has her own transgressions to acknowledge? And then there is that stubbornly resurfacing past, like a tell-tale ribbon of hair snagged on a fish hook. With ruthless wit and dizzying energy, The Beguiling explores blessings and curses, sainthood and sin, mortality and guilt in all its guises. Weaving together tales of errant mothers, vengeful plants, canine wisdom, and murder, it lays bare the flesh and blood sacrifices people are willing to make to get what they think they desire.