Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age

Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age
Author: Peter Paret,Gordon A. Craig,Felix Gilbert
Pages: 941
ISBN: 9780691027647
Available:
Release: 1986
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

American military scholars discuss the evolution of modern war strategy, paying special attention to its nonmilitary phases in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age

Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age
Author: Peter Paret,Gordon A. Craig,Felix Gilbert
Pages: 952
ISBN: 9781400835461
Available:
Release: 2010-10-01
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

The essays in this volume analyze war, its strategic characterisitics and its political and social functions, over the past five centuries. The diversity of its themes and the broad perspectives applied to them make the book a work of general history as much as a history of the theory and practice of war from the Renaissance to the present. Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age takes the first part of its title from an earlier collection of essays, published by Princeton University Press in 1943, which became a classic of historical scholarship. Three essays are repinted from the earlier book; four others have been extensively revised. The rest--twenty-two essays--are new. The subjects addressed range from major theorists and political and military leaders to impersonal forces. Machiavelli, Clausewitz, and Marx and Engels are discussed, as are Napoleon, Churchill, and Mao. Other essays trace the interaction of theory and experience over generations--the evolution of American strategy, for instance, or the emergence of revolutionary war in the modern world. Still others analyze the strategy of particular conflicts--the First and Second World Wars--or the relationship between technology, policy, and war in the nuclear age. Whatever its theme, each essay places the specifics of military thought and action in their political, social, and economic environment. Together the contributors have produced a book that reinterprets and illuminates war, one of the most powerful forces in history and one that cannot be controlled in the future without an understanding of its past.

Makers of Modern Strategy

Makers of Modern Strategy
Author: Hans Rothfels,Sigmund Neumann,Hajo Holborn,Hans Speier
Pages: 553
ISBN: STANFORD:36105035283444
Available:
Release: 1943
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Understanding War

Understanding War
Author: Peter Paret
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9780691216034
Available:
Release: 2020-07-21
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

These essays provide an authoritative introduction to Carl von Clausewitz and enlarge the history of war by joining it to the history of ideas and institutions and linking it with intellectual biography.

Makers of Ancient Strategy

Makers of Ancient Strategy
Author: Victor Davis Hanson
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9780691156361
Available:
Release: 2012-09-16
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

In this prequel to the now-classic Makers of Modern Strategy, Victor Davis Hanson, a leading scholar of ancient military history, gathers prominent thinkers to explore key facets of warfare, strategy, and foreign policy in the Greco-Roman world. From the Persian Wars to the final defense of the Roman Empire, Makers of Ancient Strategy demonstrates that the military thinking and policies of the ancient Greeks and Romans remain surprisingly relevant for understanding conflict in the modern world. The book reveals that much of the organized violence witnessed today--such as counterterrorism, urban fighting, insurgencies, preemptive war, and ethnic cleansing--has ample precedent in the classical era. The book examines the preemption and unilateralism used to instill democracy during Epaminondas's great invasion of the Peloponnesus in 369 BC, as well as the counterinsurgency and terrorism that characterized Rome's battles with insurgents such as Spartacus, Mithridates, and the Cilician pirates. The collection looks at the urban warfare that became increasingly common as more battles were fought within city walls, and follows the careful tactical strategies of statesmen as diverse as Pericles, Demosthenes, Alexander, Pyrrhus, Caesar, and Augustus. Makers of Ancient Strategy shows how Greco-Roman history sheds light on wars of every age. In addition to the editor, the contributors are David L. Berkey, Adrian Goldsworthy, Peter J. Heather, Tom Holland, Donald Kagan, John W. I. Lee, Susan Mattern, Barry Strauss, and Ian Worthington.

Clausewitz and America

Clausewitz and America
Author: Stuart Kinross
Pages: 256
ISBN: 9781134180295
Available:
Release: 2009-10-16
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book demonstrates how Clausewitzian thought influenced American strategic thinking between the Vietnam War and the current conflict in Iraq. Carl von Clausewitz's thought played a part in the process of military reform and the transition in US policy that took place after the Vietnam War. By the time of the 1991 Gulf War, American policy makers demonstrated that they understood the Clausewitzian notion of utilizing military force to fulfil a clear political objective. The US armed forces bridged the operational and strategic levels during that conflict in accordance with Clausewitz’s conviction that war plans should be tailored to fulfil a political objective. With the end of the Cold War, and an increasing predilection for technological solutions, American policy makers and the military moved away from Clausewitz. It was only the events of 11 September 2001 that reminded Americans of his intrinsic value. However, while many aspects of the ‘War on Terror’ and the conflict in Iraq can be accommodated within the Clausewitzian paradigm, the lack of a clear policy for countering insurgency in Iraq suggests that the US may have returned full circle to the flawed strategic approach evident in Vietnam. Clausewitz and America will be of great interest to students of strategy, military history, international security and US politics.

Clausewitz and the State

Clausewitz and the State
Author: Peter Paret
Pages: 467
ISBN: 9780691186566
Available:
Release: 2018-06-05
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Originally published in 1976, Clausewitz and the State presents a comprehensive analysis of one of the significant thinkers of modern Europe. Peter Paret combines social and military history and psychological interpretation with a study of Clausewitz's military theories and of his unduly neglected historical and political writing. This timely new edition includes a preface which allows Paret to recount the past thirty years of discussion on Clausewitz and respond to critics. A companion volume to Clausewitz's On War, this book is indispensable to anyone interested in Clausewitz and his theories, and their proper historical context.

Makers of Nuclear Strategy

Makers of Nuclear Strategy
Author: John Baylis,John Garnett
Pages: 206
ISBN: UOM:39015024768650
Available:
Release: 1991
Editor: Burns & Oates
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book deals with the very foundations of contemporary strategic studies, in that it examines the ideas of nine leading strategic thinkers over the past four decades within the context of current debates on nuclear strategy.

Makers of Modern Strategy

Makers of Modern Strategy
Author: Peter Paret,Gordon Alexander Craig,Felix Gilbert
Pages: 941
ISBN: 0198200986
Available:
Release: 1986-01-01
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

War cannot be controlled in future without an understanding of its past. These essays analyse war, its strategic characteristics and its political and social functions, over the past five centuries.

Strategic Antisubmarine Warfare and Naval Strategy

Strategic Antisubmarine Warfare and Naval Strategy
Author: Tom Stefanick
Pages: 390
ISBN: UCAL:B4255118
Available:
Release: 1987
Editor: Free Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Direction of War

The Direction of War
Author: Hew Strachan
Pages: 338
ISBN: 9781107047853
Available:
Release: 2013-12-05
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

A major contribution to our understanding of contemporary warfare and strategy by one of the world's leading military historians.

The Utility of Force

The Utility of Force
Author: Rupert Smith
Pages: 480
ISBN: 9780718196967
Available:
Release: 2012-03-29
Editor: Penguin UK
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

'One of the most provocative and startling books ever written by a British commander ... an update of the two great thinkers on war and peace, Clausewitz and Sun Tsu, for our time ... it is for anyone interested in the well-being of our world' Robert Fox, Evening Standard Why do we try to use military force to solve our political problems? And why, when our forces win the military battles does this still fail to solve those problems? It is because the force lacks utility. From Iraq to the Balkans, and from Afghanistan to Chechneya, over the past fifteen years there has been a steady stream of military interventions that have not delivered on their promise for peace, or even political resolution. The Utility of Force explains this anomaly at the heart of our current international system. 'Britain's outstanding soldier of modern times ... a book that will assure his reputation as a serious and original thinker among soldiers and strategists' Sir John Keegan, Daily Telegraph 'It is hard to overstate the devastating nature of this book as an indictment of almost everything the West has done in recent years, and is doing today' Sir Max Hastings, Sunday Telegraph

To the Farewell Address

To the Farewell Address
Author: Felix Gilbert
Pages: 181
ISBN: 1400820197
Available:
Release: 2009-12-17
Editor: Princeton University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Washington's Farewell Address comprises various aspects of American political thinking. It reaches beyond any period limited in time and reveals the basic issue of the American attitude toward foreign policy: the tension between Idealism and Realism. Settled by men who looked for gain and by men who sought freedom, born into independence in a century of enlightened thinking and of power politics, America has wavered in her foreign policy between Idealism and Realism, and her great historical moments have occurred when both were combined. Thus the history of the Farwell Address forms only part of the wider, endless, urgent problem. Felix Gilbert analyzes the diverse intellectual trends which went into the making of the Farwell Address, and sheds light on its beginnings.

The Future of Strategy

The Future of Strategy
Author: Colin S. Gray
Pages: 188
ISBN: 9780745687971
Available:
Release: 2015-10-12
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Strategy is not a modern invention. It is an essential and enduring feature of human history that is here to stay. In this original essay, Colin S. Gray, world-renowned scholar of strategic thought, discusses the meaning of strategy and its importance for politicians and the military as a means of achieving desired outcomes in complex, uncertain conditions. Drawing on a wide range of examples from the Great Peloponnesian War to the Second World War, Vietnam, and the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, Gray ably shows how great military thinkers of the past and present have acted strategically in their various ideological, political, geographical and cultural contexts. Looking to the future, he argues that strategy will continue to provide a vital tool-kit for survival and security, but that the global threat posed by nuclear weapons remains an on-going challenge without obvious practical solutions. As Gray boldy asserts, there is no promised land ahead, only hard and dangerous times that will require us to master the theory and practice of strategy to secure our own future.

Battle

Battle
Author: John A Lynn
Pages: 464
ISBN: 9780786727919
Available:
Release: 2009-04-24
Editor: Hachette UK
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Battle: A History of Combat and Culture spans the globe and the centuries to explore the way ideas shape the conduct of warfare. Drawing its examples from Europe, the Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, and America, John A. Lynn challenges the belief that technology has been the dominant influence on combat from ancient times to the present day. In battle, ideas can be more far more important than bullets or bombs. Carl von Clausewitz proclaimed that war is politics, but even more basically, war is culture. The hard reality of armed conflict is formed by - and, in turn, forms - a culture's values, assumptions, and expectations about fighting. The author examines the relationship between the real and the ideal, arguing that feedback between the two follows certain discernable paths. Battle rejects the currently fashionable notion of a "Western way of warfare" and replaces it with more nuanced concepts of varied and evolving cultural patterns of combat. After considering history, Lynn finally asks how the knowledge gained might illuminate our understanding of the war on terrorism.

The Allure of Battle

The Allure of Battle
Author: Cathal Nolan
Pages: 320
ISBN: 9780199874651
Available:
Release: 2017-01-02
Editor: Oxford University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

History has tended to measure war's winners and losers in terms of its major engagements, battles in which the result was so clear-cut that they could be considered "decisive." Cannae, Konigsberg, Austerlitz, Midway, Agincourt-all resonate in the literature of war and in our imaginations as tide-turning. But these legendary battles may or may not have determined the final outcome of the wars in which they were fought. Nor has the "genius" of the so-called Great Captains - from Alexander the Great to Frederick the Great and Napoleon - play a major role. Wars are decided in other ways. Cathal J. Nolan's The Allure of Battle systematically and engrossingly examines the great battles, tracing what he calls "short-war thinking," the hope that victory might be swift and wars brief. As he proves persuasively, however, such has almost never been the case. Even the major engagements have mainly contributed to victory or defeat by accelerating the erosion of the other side's defences. Massive conflicts, the so-called "people's wars," beginning with Napoleon and continuing until 1945, have consisted of and been determined by prolonged stalemate and attrition, industrial wars in which the determining factor has been not military but matériel. Nolan's masterful book places battles squarely and mercilessly within the context of the wider conflict in which they took place. In the process it help corrects a distorted view of battle's role in war, replacing popular images of the "battles of annihilation" with somber appreciation of the commitments and human sacrifices made throughout centuries of war particularly among the Great Powers. Accessible, provocative, exhaustive, and illuminating, The Allure of Battle will spark fresh debate about the history and conduct of warfare.

Makers of Modern Strategy

Makers of Modern Strategy
Author: Peter Paret,Gordon Alexander Craig,Felix Gilbert
Pages: 941
ISBN: 0691092354
Available:
Release: 1986
Editor: Unknown
Language: un

Explanation of the Book:

American military scholars discuss the evolution of modern war strategy, paying special attention to its nonmilitary phases in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

The End of Strategic Stability

The End of Strategic Stability
Author: Lawrence Rubin,Adam N. Stulberg
Pages: 328
ISBN: 9781626166035
Available:
Release: 2018-09-03
Editor: Georgetown University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

During the Cold War, many believed that the superpowers shared a conception of strategic stability, a coexistence where both sides would compete for global influence but would be deterred from using nuclear weapons. In actuality, both sides understood strategic stability and deterrence quite differently. Today’s international system is further complicated by more nuclear powers, regional rivalries, and nonstate actors who punch above their weight, but the United States and other nuclear powers still cling to old conceptions of strategic stability. The purpose of this book is to unpack and examine how different states in different regions view strategic stability, the use or non-use of nuclear weapons, and whether or not strategic stability is still a prevailing concept. The contributors to this volume explore policies of current and potential nuclear powers including the United States, Russia, China, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia. This volume makes an important contribution toward understanding how nuclear weapons will impact the international system in the twenty-first century and will be useful to students, scholars, and practitioners of nuclear weapons policy.

Proxy Wars

Proxy Wars
Author: Eli Berman,David A. Lake
Pages: 354
ISBN: 9781501733093
Available:
Release: 2019-03-15
Editor: Cornell University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The most common image of world politics involves states negotiating, cooperating, or sometimes fighting with one another; billiard balls in motion on a global pool table. Yet working through local proxies or agents, through what Eli Berman and David A. Lake call a strategy of "indirect control," has always been a central tool of foreign policy. Understanding how countries motivate local allies to act in sometimes costly ways, and when and how that strategy succeeds, is essential to effective foreign policy in today's world. In this splendid collection, Berman and Lake apply a variant of principal-agent theory in which the alignment of interests or objectives between a powerful state and a local proxy is central. Through analysis of nine detailed cases, Proxy Wars finds that: when principals use rewards and punishments tailored to the agent's domestic politics, proxies typically comply with their wishes; when the threat to the principal or the costs to the agent increase, the principal responds with higher-powered incentives and the proxy responds with greater effort; if interests diverge too much, the principal must either take direct action or admit that indirect control is unworkable. Covering events from Denmark under the Nazis to the Korean War to contemporary Afghanistan, and much in between, the chapters in Proxy Wars engage many disciplines and will suit classes taught in political science, economics, international relations, security studies, and much more.

Masters of War

Masters of War
Author: Michael I. Handel
Pages: 510
ISBN: 9781135776534
Available:
Release: 2005-12-05
Editor: Routledge
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This is the first comprehensive study based on a detailed textual analysis of the classical works on war by Clausewitz, Sun Tzu, Mao Tse-tung, and to a lesser extent, Jomini and Machiavelli. Brushing stereotypes aside, the author takes a fresh look at what these strategic thinkers actually said—not what they are widely believed to have said. He finds that despite their apparent differences in terms of time, place, cultural background, and level of material/technological development, all had much more in common than previously supposed. In fact, the central conclusion of this book is that the logic of waging war and of strategic thinking is as universal and timeless as human nature itself. This third, revised and expanded edition includes five new chapters and some new charts and diagrams.