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|Author||: Wu-Chi Feng|
|Editor||: Springer Science & Business Media|
Many emerging technologies such as video conferencing, video-on-demand, and digital libraries require the efficient delivery of compressed video streams. For applications that require the delivery of compressed stored multimedia streams, the a priori knowledge available about these compressed streams can aid in the allocation of server and network resources. By using a client-side buffer, the resource requirements from the server and network can be minimized. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems presents a comprehensive description of buffering techniques for the delivery of compressed, prerecorded multimedia data. While these techniques can be applied to any compressed data streams, this book focusses primarily on the delivery of video streams because of the large resource requirements that they can consume. The book first describes buffering techniques for the continuous playback of stored video sources. In particular, several bandwidth smoothing (or buffering) algorithms that are provably optimal under certain conditions are presented. To provide a well-rounded discussion, the book then describes extensions that aid in the ability to provide interactive delivery of video across networks. Specifically, reservation techniques that take into account interactive functions such as fast-forward and rewind are described. In addition, extensions to the bandwidth smoothing algorithms presented in the first few chapters are described. These algorithms are designed with interactive, continuous playback of stored video in mind and are also provably optimal under certain constraints. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems serves as an excellent resource for multimedia systems, networking and video-on-demand designers, and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the topic.
Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents Salts Emulsifiers Thickening Agents Stabilizers Flavouring Agents Food Colours Sweetening Agents and Miscellaneous Food Additives
|Author||: Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives,Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting|
|Editor||: Food & Agriculture Org.|
|Author||: Hannah Hart|
The wildly popular YouTube personality and author of the New York Times bestseller My Drunk Kitchen is back! This time, she’s stirring up memories and tales from her past. By combing through the journals that Hannah has kept for much of her life, this collection of narrative essays deliver a fuller picture of her life, her experiences, and the things she’s figured out about family, faith, love, sexuality, self-worth, friendship and fame. Revealing what makes Hannah tick, this sometimes cringe-worthy, poignant collection of stories is sure to deliver plenty of Hannah’s wit and wisdom, and hopefully encourage you to try your hand at her patented brand of reckless optimism. Personal note: Hello, my darlings! I am incredibly pleased to present BUFFERING: Unshared Tales of a Life Fully Loaded! As a big fan of memoirs, I wanted to try my hand at writing about the events of my life that deserve a little more consideration than can be accomplished in 140-characters or a 6-minute vlog. Now on the cusp of turning 30, I'm ready to expose some parts of my life that I haven't shared before. Before, it was all about privacy, process and time. And now the time has come! I’m ready to put myself out there, for you. I'm a little nervous about all these vulnerable words going into the world, these tales about my love life, the wrestling I’ve done with faith, how I feel about sex and my family and myself. I’ve had a lot of trials, a lot of errors, but also a lot of passion. Here’s the thing--I've always found comfort in the stories shared by others, so I hope my stories, now that I feel ready to tell them, will bring you some comfort too. And when you read this book please remember: Buffering is just the time it takes to process. Enjoy! Love, Hannah
|Author||: Yoshito Matsusaka|
The effects of lactate accumulation and bicarbonate buffering on estimates of muscle metabolism in exercising humans
|Author||: Sina Gaylene Wallace|
Influence of Calcium and Phosphorus Residual Lactose and Salt to moisture Ratio on Cheddar Cheese Characteristics
|Author||: Praveen Upreti|
|Author||: Linda Toshimi Parker|
|Author||: Robert K. Stoelting|
|Editor||: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins|
(1E 1987) Characteristics & applications of drugs in anesthesia; review of physiology relevant to anesthesia.
|Author||: Raif O. Onvural|
|Editor||: Artech House Publishers|
This updated version of the best-selling first edition is a one-source reference to ATM networks. Written by one of the engineers developing IBM's ATM architecture, it provides a comprehensive review of current and emerging ATM standards, including P-NNI. Unlike traditional standards documents, this book is easy to follow and serves as a readily accessible reference for system designers, researchers, marketing staff, and graduate students of high-speed networking. Features 200 equations and 119 figures.
|Author||: Sahel Mastoureshgh,Mark Claypool|
|Editor||: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing|
Video streaming has become increasingly popular with commercial video streaming applications such as YouTube accounting for a large quantity of Internet traffic. While streaming video is sensitive to bandwidth jitter, a receiver buffer can ameliorate the effects of jitter by adjusting to the difference between the transmission rate and the playback rate. Unfortunately, there are few studies to determine the best size of the receiver buffer for TCP streaming. In this work, we investigate how the buffer size of video streaming applications changes with respect to variation in bandwidth. We model the video streaming system over TCP using simulation to develop our buffering algorithm. We propose using a dynamic client buffer size based on measured bandwidth variation to achieve fewer interruptions in video streaming playback.