Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video on Demand Systems

Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video on Demand Systems
Author: Wu-Chi Feng
Pages: 133
ISBN: 9780585314037
Available:
Release: 2007-08-26
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Many emerging technologies such as video conferencing, video-on-demand, and digital libraries require the efficient delivery of compressed video streams. For applications that require the delivery of compressed stored multimedia streams, the a priori knowledge available about these compressed streams can aid in the allocation of server and network resources. By using a client-side buffer, the resource requirements from the server and network can be minimized. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems presents a comprehensive description of buffering techniques for the delivery of compressed, prerecorded multimedia data. While these techniques can be applied to any compressed data streams, this book focusses primarily on the delivery of video streams because of the large resource requirements that they can consume. The book first describes buffering techniques for the continuous playback of stored video sources. In particular, several bandwidth smoothing (or buffering) algorithms that are provably optimal under certain conditions are presented. To provide a well-rounded discussion, the book then describes extensions that aid in the ability to provide interactive delivery of video across networks. Specifically, reservation techniques that take into account interactive functions such as fast-forward and rewind are described. In addition, extensions to the bandwidth smoothing algorithms presented in the first few chapters are described. These algorithms are designed with interactive, continuous playback of stored video in mind and are also provably optimal under certain constraints. Buffering Techniques for Delivery of Compressed Video in Video-on-Demand Systems serves as an excellent resource for multimedia systems, networking and video-on-demand designers, and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the topic.

Buffering

Buffering
Author: Hannah Hart
Pages: 272
ISBN: 9780062457530
Available:
Release: 2016-10-18
Editor: HarperCollins
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The wildly popular YouTube personality and author of the New York Times bestseller My Drunk Kitchen is back! This time, she’s stirring up memories and tales from her past. By combing through the journals that Hannah has kept for much of her life, this collection of narrative essays deliver a fuller picture of her life, her experiences, and the things she’s figured out about family, faith, love, sexuality, self-worth, friendship and fame. Revealing what makes Hannah tick, this sometimes cringe-worthy, poignant collection of stories is sure to deliver plenty of Hannah’s wit and wisdom, and hopefully encourage you to try your hand at her patented brand of reckless optimism. Personal note: Hello, my darlings! I am incredibly pleased to present BUFFERING: Unshared Tales of a Life Fully Loaded! As a big fan of memoirs, I wanted to try my hand at writing about the events of my life that deserve a little more consideration than can be accomplished in 140-characters or a 6-minute vlog. Now on the cusp of turning 30, I'm ready to expose some parts of my life that I haven't shared before. Before, it was all about privacy, process and time. And now the time has come! I’m ready to put myself out there, for you. I'm a little nervous about all these vulnerable words going into the world, these tales about my love life, the wrestling I’ve done with faith, how I feel about sex and my family and myself. I’ve had a lot of trials, a lot of errors, but also a lot of passion. Here’s the thing--I've always found comfort in the stories shared by others, so I hope my stories, now that I feel ready to tell them, will bring you some comfort too. And when you read this book please remember: Buffering is just the time it takes to process. Enjoy! Love, Hannah

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents Salts Emulsifiers Thickening Agents Stabilizers Flavouring Agents Food Colours Sweetening Agents and Miscellaneous Food Additives

Specifications for Identity and Purity of Buffering Agents  Salts  Emulsifiers  Thickening Agents  Stabilizers  Flavouring Agents  Food Colours  Sweetening Agents  and Miscellaneous Food Additives
Author: Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives,Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Meeting
Pages: 229
ISBN: 9251012393
Available:
Release: 1982
Editor: Food & Agriculture Org.
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance

Nutritional Buffering Strategies to Improve Exercise Capacity and Performance
Author: Bryan Saunders,Lars R. McNaughton,Jason Siegler
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9782889667789
Available:
Release: 2021-05-18
Editor: Frontiers Media SA
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Cation Exchange and Buffering Capacity of Dietary Fibers

Cation Exchange and Buffering Capacity of Dietary Fibers
Author: Michael Irwin McBurney
Pages: 194
ISBN: CORNELL:31924001963226
Available:
Release: 1981
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Buffering and Disk Accesses

Buffering and Disk Accesses
Author: Youlun Pang,Sharon McCure Kuck
Pages: 44
ISBN: UIUC:30112121954595
Available:
Release: 1988
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Titration Curves and Buffering Capacities of Hawaiian Soils

Titration Curves and Buffering Capacities of Hawaiian Soils
Author: Yoshito Matsusaka
Pages: 36
ISBN: UIUC:30112019499265
Available:
Release: 1950
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Effective Clustering and Buffering in an Object oriented DBMS

Effective Clustering and Buffering in an Object oriented DBMS
Author: Ellis E. Chang
Pages: 137
ISBN: UCAL:$C73472
Available:
Release: 1989
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Object-oriented databases provide new possibilities for inheritance and structural relationships in data semantics. This dissertation examines how to use these additional semantics to obtain more effective object buffering and clustering. We use the information collected from real-world object-oriented applications, such as the Berkeley CAD Group's OCT design tools, as the basis for a simulation model with which to investigate alternative buffering and clustering strategies. Observing from our measurements that real CAD applications exhibit high data read to write ratios, we propose a run-time reclustering algorithm whose evaluation indicates that system response time can be improved by a factor of 200% when the read/write ratio is high. In our study, we have found it useful to limit the amount of I/Os allowed to the clustering algorithm as it examines candidate pages for reclustering at run-time, and, because performance varies little according to the number of I/Os involved, a low limit on I/O appears to be acceptable. We also examine, under a variety of workload assumptions, context-sensitive buffer replacement policies with alternative prefetching policies. Using these simulation results, we provide implementation hints for existing or future Object- Oriented DBMSs.

The effects of lactate accumulation and bicarbonate buffering on estimates of muscle metabolism in exercising humans

The effects of lactate accumulation and bicarbonate buffering on estimates of muscle metabolism in exercising humans
Author: Sina Gaylene Wallace
Pages: 312
ISBN: UCAL:X69001
Available:
Release: 2004
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

An Empirical Examination of the Buffering Effects of Social Support on the Relationships Between Occupational Stress and Psychological Manifestations

An Empirical Examination of the Buffering Effects of Social Support on the Relationships Between Occupational Stress and Psychological Manifestations
Author: André Arsenault,Université de Montréal. École de relations industrielles
Pages: 42
ISBN: CORNELL:31924001135536
Available:
Release: 1985
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Rendering Penumbrae Via Two pass Depth Buffering

Rendering Penumbrae Via Two pass Depth Buffering
Author: Scott Richard Janus
Pages: 120
ISBN: UCAL:X54323
Available:
Release: 1994
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Variability in Soil Phosphorus and Potassium Buffering Capacities

Variability in Soil Phosphorus and Potassium Buffering Capacities
Author: Lubanga Lunze
Pages: 188
ISBN: WISC:89092483486
Available:
Release: 1983
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

The Buffering Capabilities of Sierra Nevadan Soils Exposed to Simulated Acid Precipitation

The Buffering Capabilities of Sierra Nevadan Soils Exposed to Simulated Acid Precipitation
Author: Wendy Susan Wyels
Pages: 376
ISBN: UCAL:X34560
Available:
Release: 1986
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Ventilatory and Chemical Buffering of Hypercapnic Acidosis Following Abrupt Administration of Inspiratory CO2

Ventilatory and Chemical Buffering of Hypercapnic Acidosis Following Abrupt Administration of Inspiratory CO2
Author: Thomas Jay Smith
Pages: 1644
ISBN: WISC:89094744141
Available:
Release: 1977
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Modelling the Rearfoot Vertical Impact Load Buffering Characteristics of Viscoelastic Running Shoe Midsoles

Modelling the Rearfoot Vertical Impact Load Buffering Characteristics of Viscoelastic Running Shoe Midsoles
Author: John Frederick Swigart
Pages: 416
ISBN: MINN:31951P00754705E
Available:
Release: 2000
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Stability and Buffering Capacity of the Geosphere for Long term Isolation of Radioactive Waste

Stability and Buffering Capacity of the Geosphere for Long term Isolation of Radioactive Waste
Author: Anonim
Pages: 241
ISBN: UOM:39015060579789
Available:
Release: 2004
Editor: OECD Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Most experts worldwide agree that radioactive waste disposal in engineered facilities, or repositories, located in appropriate formations deep underground, provide a suitable waste management option for protecting humans and the environment now and in the future. An NEA workshop was organised on 9-11 December 2003 in Braunschweig, Germany, devoted specifically to argillaceous settings for deep geological repositories. The workshop brought together scientists from academic institutions, engineers from various research institutions or companies, consultants, regulatory authorities and national waste management organisations to establish the scientific basis for stability and buffering capacity of deep geological waste management systems. The present report synthesises the main outcomes of that workshop and presents a compilation of the related abstracts.

Development and Application of Decision Rules for Buffering Against Demand Uncertainty in a Time phased Reorder Point System

Development and Application of Decision Rules for Buffering Against Demand Uncertainty in a Time phased Reorder Point System
Author: Thomas Evan Callarman
Pages: 175
ISBN: IND:39000008394517
Available:
Release: 1979
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Buffering Practices in HVAC Ductwork Supply Chains

Buffering Practices in HVAC Ductwork Supply Chains
Author: Thais da Costa Lago Alves
Pages: 572
ISBN: UCAL:C3501439
Available:
Release: 2005
Editor: Unknown
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Buffering in Video Streaming

Buffering in Video Streaming
Author: Sahel Mastoureshgh,Mark Claypool
Pages: 52
ISBN: 3659150517
Available:
Release: 2012-06
Editor: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

Video streaming has become increasingly popular with commercial video streaming applications such as YouTube accounting for a large quantity of Internet traffic. While streaming video is sensitive to bandwidth jitter, a receiver buffer can ameliorate the effects of jitter by adjusting to the difference between the transmission rate and the playback rate. Unfortunately, there are few studies to determine the best size of the receiver buffer for TCP streaming. In this work, we investigate how the buffer size of video streaming applications changes with respect to variation in bandwidth. We model the video streaming system over TCP using simulation to develop our buffering algorithm. We propose using a dynamic client buffer size based on measured bandwidth variation to achieve fewer interruptions in video streaming playback.

Geochemical and Biogeochemical Reaction Modeling

Geochemical and Biogeochemical Reaction Modeling
Author: Craig M. Bethke
Pages: 329
ISBN: 9781139468329
Available:
Release: 2007-12-06
Editor: Cambridge University Press
Language: en

Explanation of the Book:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of reaction processes in the Earth's crust and on its surface, both in the laboratory and in the field. A clear exposition of the underlying equations and calculation techniques is balanced by a large number of fully worked examples. The book uses The Geochemist's Workbench® modeling software, developed by the author and already installed at over 1000 universities and research facilities worldwide. Since publication of the first edition, the field of reaction modeling has continued to grow and find increasingly broad application. In particular, the description of microbial activity, surface chemistry, and redox chemistry within reaction models has become broader and more rigorous. These areas are covered in detail in this new edition, which was originally published in 2007. This text is written for graduate students and academic researchers in the fields of geochemistry, environmental engineering, contaminant hydrology, geomicrobiology, and numerical modeling.